Title 10: Public Safety

Chapter 1: Public Safety

§ 10-101 Communication of alarms.

The owners and proprietors of all manufactories, hotels, tenement houses, apartment houses, office buildings, boarding and lodging-houses, warehouses, stores and offices, theatres and music halls, and the authorities or persons having charge of all hospitals and asylums, and of the public schools and other public buildings, churches and other places where large numbers of persons are congregated for purposes of worship, instruction or amusement, and all piers, bulkheads, wharves, pier sheds, bulkhead sheds or other waterfront structures, shall provide such means of communicating alarms of accident or danger to the police department, as the police commissioner may prescribe.

§ 10-102 Permit for equipping automobiles with radio receiving sets capable of receiving signals on frequencies allocated for police use; fee.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to equip an automobile with a radio receiving set capable of receiving signals on the frequencies allocated for police use, or use or possess an automobile so equipped, without a permit issued by the police commissioner, in his or her discretion, and in accordance with such regulations as the commissioner may prescribe. Such permit shall expire one year from the date of issuance thereof, unless sooner revoked by the commissioner, and shall not be transferred from the vehicle in which it was installed at the time the license was issued. The annual fee shall be twenty-five dollars for each automobile so equipped. A permit may be renewed upon the payment of a like sum and under like conditions.
  2. The police commissioner is authorized, in his or her discretion, to issue permits for radio receiving sets capable of receiving signals on the frequencies allocated to police use to employees of federal, state and municipal bureaus and departments without requiring the payment of the annual fee herein provided.
  3. Violations. Any person who shall violate any provision of this section, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars, or imprisonment for thirty days, or both.

§ 10-103 Use of devices to decode coded police transmission via radio or television prohibited.

  1. It shall be unlawful in the city of New York for any person to unscramble or decode or possess or use any instrument or article capable of unscrambling or decoding, scrambled or coded police broadcasts by radio or television, unless such person is duly authorized to do so by permit issued by the police commissioner of the city of New York.
  2. A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor.

§ 10-104 Suppression of gaming and other houses.

If any two or more householders shall report in writing, over their signatures, to the police commissioner or to a deputy police commissioner, that there are good grounds, stating the same, for believing any house, room or premises within the city to be kept or used as a common gambling-house, common gaming-room, or common gaming premises, for playing for wagers of money at any game of chance therein, or to be kept or used for lewd and obscene purposes or amusements, or the deposit or sale of lottery tickets or lottery policies, it shall be lawful for the police commissioner or either of the commissioner’s deputies to authorize, in writing, any member or members of the force to enter the same who may forthwith arrest all persons there found offending against law, but none other; and seize all implements of gaming or lottery policies, and convey any person so arrested before a judge of the criminal court, and bring the articles so seized to the office of the property clerk. It shall be the duty of such police commissioner or deputy police commissioner to cause such arrested person to be rigorously prosecuted, and such articles seized to be destroyed, as the orders, rules and regulations of the commissioner shall direct.

§ 10-105 Duties re-elections.

It shall be the duty of the police force, or any member thereof, to prevent any booth, or box, or structure for the distribution of tickets at any election from being erected or maintained within one hundred fifty feet of any polling place within the city, and summarily to remove any such booth, box or structure, or to close and prevent the use thereof.

§ 10-106 Reporting and depositing lost money or property.

  1. Any person who finds any lost money or property of or exceeding the value of ten dollars shall report such finding to and deposit such money or property in a police station house within ten days after the finding thereof. Such money or property shall thereupon be transmitted to the property clerk who shall make entry of such deposit in his or her records. Such money or property as shall remain in the custody of the property clerk for a period of three months without a lawful claimant entitled thereto shall be turned over to the person who found and deposited the same. If the person who so found and deposited such money or property shall not appear and claim the same within thirty days after notice by registered mail of the expiration of said three months’ period, such money or property shall, in the case of money, be paid into the general fund of the city established pursuant to section one hundred nine of the charter, and in the case of property be sold at public auction after having been advertised in “the City Record” for a period of ten days and the proceeds of such sale shall be paid into such fund.
  2. Any person who shall violate, or refuse, or neglect to comply with any provision of this section, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both.

§ 10-107 Yellow flashing lights on volunteer emergency vehicles.

  1. Definitions.

   1. “Volunteer vehicles”. Any commercial or privately owned non-commercial vehicle, the owner or operator of which is enrolled as a member of a duly recognized organization whose function is to volunteer assistance to the New York city police department in the patrolling of New York city roadways.

   2. “Assistance”. Serving in any highway patrol activity to keep traffic moving, direct traffic around accidents, check on stalled cars.

  1. Regulation. A flashing yellow light which must be revolving, rotating, flashing, oscillating or constantly moving light, may be affixed to a duly recognized volunteer vehicle, and such light may be displayed on such recognized volunteer vehicle when said vehicle is engaged in rendering assistance.

§ 10-108 Regulation of sound devices or apparatus.

  1. Legislative declaration. It is hereby declared that the use or operation of any radio device or apparatus or any device or apparatus for the amplification of sounds from any radio, phonograph or other sound-making or sound-producing device, or any device or apparatus for the reproduction or amplification of the human voice or other sounds, in front of or outside of any building, place or premises, or in or through any window, doorway or opening of such building, place or premises, abutting or adjacent to a public street, park or place, or in or upon any vehicle operated, standing or being in or upon any public street, park or place, where the sounds therefrom may be heard upon any public street, park or place, or from any stand, platform or other structure, or from any airplane or other device used for flying, flying over the city, or on a boat or on the waters within the jurisdiction of the city, or anywhere on or in the public streets, parks or places, is detrimental to the health, welfare and safety of the inhabitants of the city, in that such use or operation diverts the attention of pedestrians and vehicle operators in the public streets, parks and places, thus increasing traffic hazards and causing injury to life and limb. It is hereby further declared that such use or operation disturbs the public peace and comfort and the peaceful enjoyment by the people of their rights to use the public streets, parks and places for street, park and other public purposes and disturbs the peace, quiet and comfort of the neighboring inhabitants. Therefore, it is hereby declared as a matter of legislative determination that the prohibition of such use or operation for commercial or business advertising purposes and the proper regulation of such use and operation for all other purposes is essential to protect the health, welfare and safety of the inhabitants of the city, to secure the health, safety, comfort, convenience, and peaceful enjoyment by the people of their rights to use the public streets, parks and places for street, park and other public purposes and to secure the peace, quiet and comfort of the city’s inhabitants. It is hereby further declared as a matter of legislative determination that the expense of supervising and regulating the use and operation of such sound devices and apparatus for purposes other than commercial and business advertising purposes should be borne by the persons using or operating such devices and apparatus and that the requirement of a nominal fee for the issuance of a permit for such use and operation as hereinafter prescribed is intended to defray the expenses of regulating such use or operation for the health, welfare and safety of all the people.
  2. Definitions. As used in this section:

   1. The term “public holidays” shall mean those days expressly set forth in section twenty-four of the general construction law.

   2. The term “sound device or apparatus” shall mean any radio device or apparatus, or any device or apparatus for the amplification of any sounds from any radio, phonograph, or other sound-making or sound-producing device, or any device or apparatus for the reproduction or amplification of the human voice or other sounds;

   3. The phrase “to use or operate any sound device or apparatus in, on, near or adjacent to any public street, park or place,” shall mean to use or operate or cause to be used or operated any sound device or apparatus in front or outside of any building, place or premises, or in or through any window, doorway or opening of such building, place or premises, abutting on or adjacent to a public street, park or place, or in or upon any vehicle operated, standing or being in or on any public street, park or place, where the sounds therefrom may be heard upon any public street, park or place, or from any stand, platform or other structure, or from any other airplane or other device used for flying, flying over the city, or on a boat or on the waters within the jurisdiction of the city, or anywhere on the public streets, parks or places.

  1. Use and operation of the sound devices and apparatus for commercial and business advertising purposes. It shall be unlawful for any person to use or operate any sound device or apparatus in, on, near or adjacent to any public street, park or place, for commercial and business advertising purpose.
  2. Use and operation of sound devices and apparatus for other than commercial and business advertising purposes; permit required. It shall be unlawful for any person to use or operate any sound device or apparatus, in, on, near or adjacent to any public street, park or place, unless such person shall have first obtained a permit to be issued by the police commissioner in the manner hereinafter prescribed and unless the police commissioner shall comply with the provisions of this section and the terms and conditions prescribed in such permit.
  3. Applications. Each applicant for a permit to use or operate a sound device or apparatus in, on, near or adjacent to any public street, park or place shall file a written application with the police commissioner, at the police precinct covering the area in which such sound device or apparatus is to be used or operated, at least five days prior to the date upon which such sound device or apparatus is to be used or operated. Such application shall describe the specific location in which such sound device or apparatus is proposed to be used or operated, the day and the hour or hours during which it is proposed to be used or operated, the volume of sound which is proposed to be used measured by decibels or by any other efficient method of measuring sound, and such other pertinent information as the police commissioner may deem necessary to enable the police commissioner to carry out the provisions of this section.
  4. Issuance of permit; terms. The police commissioner shall not deny a permit for any specific time, location or use, to any applicant who complies with the provisions of this section, except for one or more of the reasons specified in subdivision g hereof or for non-payment of the fee prescribed in subdivision h hereof, or to prevent overlapping in the granting of permits, provided, however, that a permit issued for multiple days shall be issued only for multiple days within a period of five consecutive calendar days and only at the same location. Each permit issued pursuant to this section shall describe the specific location in which such sound device or apparatus may be used or operated thereunder, the exact period of time for which such apparatus or device may be operated in such location, the maximum volume of sound which may be employed in such use or operation and such other terms and conditions as may be necessary, for the purpose of securing the health, safety, comfort, convenience and peaceful enjoyment by the people of their right to use the public streets, parks or places for street, park or other public purposes, protecting the health, welfare and safety of the inhabitants of the city, and securing the peace, quiet and comfort of the neighboring inhabitants.
  5. Special restrictions. The police commissioner shall not issue any permit for the use of a sound device or apparatus:

   1. In any location within five hundred feet of a school, courthouse or church, during the hours of school, court or worship, respectively, or within five hundred feet of any hospital or similar institution;

   2. In any location where the commissioner, upon investigation, shall determine that the conditions of vehicular or pedestrian traffic or both are such that the use of such a device or apparatus will constitute a threat to the safety of pedestrians or vehicular operators;

   3. In any location where the commissioner, upon investigation, shall determine that conditions of overcrowding or of street repair or other physical conditions are such that the use of a sound device or apparatus will deprive the public of the right to the safe, comfortable, convenient and peaceful enjoyment of any public street, park or place for street, park or other public purposes, or will constitute a threat to the safety of pedestrians or vehicle operators;

   4. In or on any vehicle or other device while it is in transit;

   5. Between the hours of ten p.m. and nine a.m.; or

   6. Between the hours of eight p.m. or sunset, whichever is later, and nine a.m. on weekdays and between the hours of eight p.m. or sunset, whichever is later, and ten a.m. on weekends and public holidays, in any location within fifty feet of any building that is lawfully occupied for residential use. The distance of fifty feet shall be measured in a straight line from the point on the exterior wall of such building nearest to any point in the location for which the permit is sought.

  1. Fees. Each applicant for a single-day permit issued under the provisions of this section shall pay a fee of forty-five dollars for the use of each such sound device or apparatus and each applicant for a multiple-day permit issued under the provisions of this section shall pay a fee of forty-five dollars for the use of each such sound device or apparatus for the first day and a fee of five dollars for the use of each such sound device or apparatus for each additional day up to a maximum of four additional days, provided, however, that permits for the use of such sound devices or apparatus shall be issued to any bureau, commission, board or department of the United States government, the state of New York, and the city of New York, without fee.
  2. Exceptions. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the use or operation of any sound device or apparatus by any church or synagogue on or within its own premises, in connection with the religious rites or ceremonies of such church or synagogue.
  3. Violations.

   1. Any person who shall violate any provision of this section, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars or imprisonment for thirty days, or both.

   2. Any person who shall violate any provision of this section, any rule promulgated pursuant thereto or the terms of a permit issued pursuant to subdivision f of this section, shall be liable for a civil penalty recoverable in a civil action brought in the name of the police commissioner or the commissioner of environmental protection or in a proceeding before the environmental control board in an amount of two hundred fifty dollars for the first violation, five hundred dollars for the second violation and seven hundred fifty dollars for the third and each subsequent violation. However, any person who commits a fourth and any subsequent violation within a period of six months shall be classified as a persistent violator and shall be liable for a civil penalty of one thousand dollars for each such violation.

  1. Rules. The police commissioner shall have the power to make such rules as may be necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.
  2. The police department and the department of environmental protection shall have the authority to enforce the provisions of this section.

§ 10-110 Processions and parades.

  1. Permits. A procession, parade, or race shall be permitted upon any street or in any public place only after a written permit therefor has been obtained from the police commissioner. Application for such permit shall be made in writing, upon a suitable form prescribed and furnished by the department, not less than thirty-six hours previous to the forming or marching of such procession, parade or race. The commissioner shall, after due investigation of such application, grant such permit subject to the following restrictions:

   1. It shall be unlawful for the police commissioner to grant a permit where the commissioner has good reason to believe that the proposed procession, parade or race will be disorderly in character or tend to disturb the public peace;

   2. It shall be unlawful for the police commissioner to grant a permit for the use of any street or any public place, or material portion thereof, which is ordinarily subject to great congestion or traffic and is chiefly of a business or mercantile character, except, upon loyalty day, or upon those holidays or Sundays when places of business along the route proposed are closed, or on other days between the hours of six thirty post meridian and nine ante meridian;

   3. Each such permit shall designate specifically the route through which the procession, parade or race shall move, and it may also specify the width of the roadway to be used, and may include such rules and regulations as the police commissioner may deem necessary;

   4. Special permits for occasions of extraordinary public interest, not annual or customary, or not so intended to be, may be granted by the commissioner for any street or public place, and for any day or hour, with the written approval of the mayor;

   5. The chief officer of any procession, parade or race, for which a permit may be granted by the police commissioner, shall be responsible for the strict observance of all rules and regulations included in said permit.

  1. Exemptions. This section shall not apply:

   1. To the ordinary and necessary movements of the United States army, United States navy, national guard, police department and fire department; or

   2. To such portion of any street as may have already been, or may hereafter be duly, set aside as a speedway; or

   3. To processions or parades which have marched annually upon the streets for more than ten years, previous to July seventh, nineteen hundred fourteen.

  1. Violations. Every person participating in any procession, parade or race, for which a permit has not been issued when required by this section, shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars, or by imprisonment for not exceeding ten days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-111 Unattended vehicles.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle to permit it to stand unattended on the streets or thoroughfares of the city, without first stopping the engine, locking the ignition and, where the ignition is locked or unlocked by a key or other device, removing such key or other device.
  2.    Violations. Any person who violates the provisions of this section, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of two hundred fifty dollars or imprisonment not to exceed two days, or both. Whenever a police officer shall find a motor vehicle standing in violation of this provision, the officer may stop the engine and/or remove the ignition key or device therefrom and, in the event that the owner or operator thereof is not present, shall deliver the ignition key or device to the nearest patrol precinct station house within one hour after removing same to be held for and returned to such owner or operator. In the event the key or device is so delivered to a station house, the officer shall attach to the vehicle a tag stating where the ignition key or device may be reclaimed.
  3. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any person driving or in charge of a utility vehicle regulated by the New York state public service commission when the engine is used to operate a processing device and the wheels on the vehicle are chocked and an emergency brake is applied to secure the vehicle in place.

§ 10-112 Parking of trailers in vacant lots.

It shall be unlawful to park any automobile trailer or house car for living or sleeping purposes in any vacant lot unless the owner or operator of such trailer or house car shall have obtained the written permission of the owner of such vacant lot and there has been full compliance with the provisions of the health code. Any person who shall violate the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

§ 10-113 Parking of motor vehicles in vacant lots.

It shall be unlawful to park any motor vehicle in any vacant lot for which a driveway across the sidewalk has not been authorized pursuant to the provisions of the code. Any person who shall violate the provisions of this section and the owner of any motor vehicle parked in violation of this section by any person using the same with the permission, express or implied, of said owner, shall be guilty of an offense punishable by a fine of not to exceed fifty dollars or by imprisonment not to exceed ten days or by both such fine and imprisonment. The provisions of this section shall not apply to parking lots or parking spaces referred to in section 20-322 of the code. An appearance ticket charging violation of this section may be issued and served pursuant to the provisions of article one hundred fifty of the criminal procedure law.

§ 10-114 Street shows.

  1. It shall be unlawful to give any exhibition of climbing or scaling on the front or exterior of any house or building.
  2.    It shall likewise be unlawful for any person, from any window or open space of any house, or building, to exhibit to the public upon the street, or the sidewalk thereof, any performance of puppet or other figures, ballet or other dancing, comedy, farce, show with moving figures, play or other entertainment.
  3. Violations. Any person who shall violate any provision of this section, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars, or imprisonment for thirty days, or both.

§ 10-115 Solicitation of pedestrians by pullers-in.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to stand, or cause or permit any person to stand on the sidewalk or street in front of, or in the entrance or hallway of any store or building for the purpose of calling the attention of passersby to goods, wares or merchandise displayed or on sale in such store or any other store or building, or to solicit patronage for any business or service, or to attempt by word of mouth or gesture, or by the distribution of handbills or other printed matter, or by the use of mechanical or sound making devices, to entice or persuade passersby to enter such store or building, or any other store or building, or to accept the services of any business.
  2. Any person who shall violate any provision of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more then fifty dollars, imprisonment for not exceeding ten days, or both.

§ 10-116 Damaging houses of religious worship or religious articles therein prohibited.

Any person who wilfully and without authority breaks, defaces or otherwise damages any house of religious worship or any portion thereof, or any appurtenances thereto, including religious figures or religious monuments, or any book, scroll, ark, furniture, ornaments, musical instrument, article of silver or plated ware, or any other chattel contained therein for use in connection with religious worship, or any person who knowingly aids, abets, conceals or in any way assists any such person shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than one year or by a fine of not more than two thousand five hundred nor less than five hundred dollars, or both. In addition, any person violating this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than ten thousand dollars and not more than twenty-five thousand dollars. Such civil penalty shall be in addition to any criminal penalty or sanction that may be imposed, and such civil penalty shall not limit or preclude any cause of action available to any person or entity aggrieved by any of the acts prohibited by this section.

§ 10-117 Defacement of property, possession, sale and display of aerosol spray paint cans, broad tipped markers and etching acid prohibited in certain instances.

  1. No person shall write, paint or draw any inscription, figure or mark or affix, attach or place by whatever means a sticker or decal of any type on any public or private building or other structure or any other real or personal property owned, operated or maintained by a public benefit corporation, the city of New York or any agency or instrumentality thereof or by any person, firm, or corporation, or any personal property maintained on a city street or other city-owned property pursuant to a franchise, concession or revocable consent granted by the city, unless the express permission of the owner or operator of the property has been obtained.

a-1. For purposes of this section, “property of another” shall mean all property, including real property, that is not owned, rented, or leased by a person; provided that such term shall not include a location that serves as such person’s residence.

a-2. For purposes of this section, “educational facility” shall mean any building affiliated with an institution that maintains a list of enrolled students and is used for educational purposes for more than twelve (12) hours per week for more than six (6) students.

  1. No person shall possess an aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid with the intent to violate the provisions of subdivision a of this section.
  2. No person shall sell or offer to sell an aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid to any person under twenty-one years of age.

c-1. No person under twenty-one years of age shall possess an aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid in or on the property of another. This subdivision shall not be deemed to prohibit the possession of an aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid where such item is contained in a manufacturer-sealed package or completely enclosed in a locked container, which shall include bags, backpacks, briefcases and other containers that can be closed and secured with a key or combination lock.

c-2. This section shall not apply to any person possessing an aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid while in or on the property of another in violation of subdivision c-1 of this section, where:

   (1) the owner, operator or other person having control of the property, building or facility consented in writing to the use or possession of the aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid; or

   (2) such person uses or possesses the aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid under the supervision of the owner or person in control of such property; or

   (3) such person is at his or her place of employment and the aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid was, will be or is being used during the course of such employment and used only with written permission from, or under the supervision of his or her employer or such employer’s agent; or

   (4) such person is at an educational facility and uses or will use the aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid at the educational facility, where he or she is enrolled, and is participating in a class at the educational facility that requires the use or possession of such items; or

   (5) such person is on the property of another and uses or will use the aerosol spray paint can, broad tipped indelible marker or etching acid in or on the property of another if such use or possession is necessary to participate in a government-sponsored function or in other circumstances where a government agency gives its consent to such use or possession.

  1. All persons who sell or offer for sale aerosol spray paint cans, broad tipped indelible markers or etching acid shall not place such cans, markers or etching acid on display and may display only facsimiles of such cans, markers or etching acid containing no paint, ink or etching acid.
  2. For the purpose of this section, the term “broad tipped indelible marker” shall mean any felt tip marker or similar implement containing a fluid that is not water soluble and which has a flat or angled writing surface one-half inch or greater. For the purpose of this section, the term “etching acid” shall mean any liquid, cream, paste or similar chemical substance that can be used to etch, draw, carve, sketch, engrave, or otherwise alter, change or impair the physical integrity of glass or metal.
  3. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph a of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment of not more than one year, or both. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph b of this section shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars or a term of imprisonment of not more than three months, or both. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraphs c or d of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars or imprisonment of not more than three months, or both. Any person who has been previously convicted of violating the provisions of paragraphs c or d of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment of not more than one year, or both. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph c-1 of this section shall be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars or imprisonment of not more than fifteen days, or both. When a person is convicted of an offense defined in subdivision a or b of this section, or of an attempt to commit such offense, and the sentence imposed by the court for such conviction includes a sentence of probation or conditional discharge, the court shall, where appropriate, include as a condition of such sentence the defendant’s successful participation in a graffiti removal program pursuant to paragraph (h) of subdivision two of section 65.10 of the penal law.
  4. In addition to the criminal penalties imposed pursuant to subdivision f of this section, a person who violates the provisions of subdivision a, b, c or d of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than five hundred dollars for each violation which may be recovered in a proceeding before the environmental control board. Any person who has been previously convicted of violating the provisions of subdivision a, b, c or d of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each violation which may be recovered in a proceeding before the environmental control board. Such proceeding shall be commenced by the service of a notice of violation returnable before such board. Anyone found to have violated the provisions of subdivision a of this section, by affixing, attaching or placing by whatever means a sticker or decal, in addition to any penalty imposed, shall be responsible for the cost of the removal of the unauthorized stickers or decals.
  5. In addition to police officers, officers and employees of the department of consumer affairs, sanitation, environmental protection and transportation shall have the power to enforce the provisions of this section and may issue notices of violation, appearance tickets or summonses for violations thereof.
  6. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that the person whose name, telephone number, or other identifying information appears on any sticker or decal affixed, attached or placed by whatever means in violation of subdivision a of this section violated this section by either (i) affixing, attaching or placing by whatever means such sticker or decal or (ii) directing, suffering or permitting a servant, agent, employee or other individual under such persons control to engage in such activity.
  7. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that if a telephone number that appears on any sticker or decal affixed, attached or placed by whatever means in violation of subdivision a of this section belongs to a telephone answering service and no other telephone number or address is readily obtainable to locate the person or business advertised therein, such telephone answering service shall be held liable for a violation of subdivision a in accordance with the provisions of this section.
  8. The commissioner of the department of sanitation shall be authorized to issue subpoenas to obtain official telephone records for the purpose of determining the identity and location of any person or entity reasonably believed by the commissioner to have violated subdivision a of this section by affixing, attaching or placing by whatever means a sticker or decal.
  9. For the purposes of imposing a criminal fine or civil penalty pursuant to this section, every sticker or decal affixed, attached or placed by whatever means in violation of subdivision a of this section, shall be deemed to be the subject of a separate violation for which a separate criminal fine or civil penalty shall be imposed.

§ 10-117.1 Anti-graffiti task force.

  1. There is hereby established an anti-graffiti task force consisting of at least seven members. The speaker of the council shall appoint three members, and the mayor shall appoint the balance of the members, one of whom shall serve as chairperson. The members of the task force shall be appointed within thirty days of the effective date of this section and shall serve without compensation. The task force shall have a duration of twelve months.
  2. The task force shall:

   1. Assess the scope and nature of the city’s graffiti problem, including geographical concentration, perpetrator profile and future trends.

   2. Examine the effectiveness of existing provisions of law aimed at curbing graffiti vandalism, and propose amendments to strengthen such legislation.

   3. Review current law enforcement activity, clarify enforcement responsibility and suggest ways to augment enforcement capability.

   4. Identify all existing public and private anti-graffiti programs citywide and in each borough.

   5. Survey efforts to combat graffiti in other jurisdictions, consider the replication of such programs in New York city and recommend further programmatic initiatives.

   6. Propose a coordinated, comprehensive anti-graffiti program encompassing prevention, education, removal and enforcement.

   7. Maintain regular and systematic contact with civic associations, community boards and other concerned groups and individuals.

   8. Assist in the establishment of borough and community anti-graffiti task forces.

  1. The task force shall meet at least quarterly and shall issue a final report to the mayor and the council detailing its activities and recommendations.

§ 10-117.2 Rewards for providing information leading to apprehension, prosecution or conviction of a person for crimes involving graffiti vandalism.

The mayor, upon the recommendation of the police commissioner, shall be authorized to offer and pay a reward in an amount not exceeding five hundred dollars to any person who provides information leading to the apprehension, prosecution or conviction of any person who may have violated the provisions of subdivision a or b of section 10-117 of this chapter, or who may have committed any other crime where the unlawful conduct included the conduct described in subdivision a or b of such section. No police officer, peace officer or any other law enforcement officer, and no officer, official or employee of the city of New York shall be entitled, directly or indirectly, to collect or receive any such reward.

§ 10-117.3 Remedies for failure to remove graffiti from certain premises.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   1. “Graffiti” means any letter, word, name, number, symbol, slogan, message, drawing, picture, writing or other mark of any kind visible to the public from a public place that is drawn, painted, chiseled, scratched, or etched on a commercial building or residential building, or any portion thereof, including fencing, that is not consented to by the owner of the commercial building or residential building. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that such letter, word, name, number, symbol, slogan, message, drawing, picture, writing or other mark of any kind is not consented to by the owner. Such presumption may be rebutted by the owner informing the city that the owner consents to the marking and intends that it remain on the building.

   2. “Commercial building” means any building that is used, or any building a portion of which is used, for buying, selling or otherwise providing goods or services, or for other lawful business, commercial, professional services or manufacturing activities.

   3. “Residential building” means any building containing one or more dwelling units.

   4. “Public place” means a place to which the public or a substantial group of persons has access including, but not limited to, any highway, street, road, sidewalk, parking area, plaza, shopping area, place of amusement, playground, park, beach or transportation facility.

  1. Duty to keep property free of graffiti. The owner of every commercial building and residential building shall keep and cause to be kept such building free of all graffiti.
  2. Availability of city funds; graffiti removal. Subject to the availability of annual appropriations, an agency or agencies designated by the mayor shall provide graffiti removal services to abate graffiti on commercial buildings and residential buildings without charge to the property owner. The owner of any commercial or residential building may request that such agency or agencies remove or conceal graffiti from such building through the city’s graffiti removal services.
  3. Notification to owner of nuisance. If the owner of a commercial or residential building is in violation of subdivision b of this section, the city shall notify the owner of such building that the building has been determined to be a nuisance and that, after thirty-five days from the date of such notice, or after fifty days from the date of such notice if such owner has requested an extension within the initial thirty-five day period, unless such owner abates the nuisance by removing or concealing the graffiti and notifies the city of such abatement or informs the city that the owner consents to the marking and intends that it remain on the building, the owner shall be deemed to have given permission to the city and/or its contractors or agents to enter or access the property and use the means it determines appropriate to abate the nuisance by removing or concealing the graffiti. Such permission shall not be deemed to include permission to enter any commercial or residential building.
  4. Content of notice.

   1. The notice that the property has been determined to be a nuisance as a result of graffiti on such property shall be provided (a) to the owner of a commercial or residential building by mailing a copy of such notice to the address of such building, if any, appearing in the latest assessment roll, (b) to the owner of record at the address provided by such owner to the commissioner of finance for communications from the commissioner of finance, and (c) if the address filed with the department of housing preservation and development in compliance with article two of subchapter four of chapter two of title twenty-seven of this code is different than the addresses described in subparagraphs (a) and (b) of this paragraph, to the person registered with the department of housing preservation and development as the owner or agent of the premises, at the address filed with such department in compliance with article two of subchapter four of chapter two of title twenty-seven of this code.

   2. Such written notice shall, at a minimum: (a) describe the city’s graffiti removal services; (b) identify the property that has become a nuisance; (c) indicate that, if an owner, within thirty-five days of the date of such notice, or within fifty days of the date of such notice if such owner has requested an extension within the initial thirty-five day period, fails: (i) to abate the nuisance by removing or concealing the graffiti and to notify the city of such abatement, or (ii) to inform the city that the owner consents to the marking and intends that it remain on the building, the city and/or its contractors or agents may enter or access the property and use the means it determines appropriate to abate the nuisance by removing or concealing the graffiti; (d) indicate the method by which an owner may contact the city for the purpose of conveying any information or making any request in accordance with subdivision d of this section; and (e) provide a telephone number for the owner to call with any questions regarding the city’s graffiti removal services.

  1. Removal of graffiti by the city.

   1. If an owner, within thirty-five days of the date of notice provided pursuant to subdivision d of this section, or within fifty days of the date of such notice if such owner has requested an extension within the initial thirty-five day period, fails to abate the nuisance by removing or concealing the graffiti and to notify the city of such abatement, or to inform the city that the owner consents to the marking and intends that it remain on the building, the city and/or its contractors or agents may enter or access the property and use the means it determines appropriate to abate the nuisance by removing or concealing the graffiti.

   2. In no case shall the city be required to clean, paint, or repair any area more extensive than where the graffiti is located.

  1. Express permission to enter building.

   1. If, after entering or accessing the property pursuant to subdivision f of this section, the city has determined that it is necessary to enter a commercial or residential building in order to provide graffiti removal services, it shall request the express permission of the owner of such building to enter such building for the purpose of providing graffiti removal services. In making such request, the city shall notify the owner of such building that it has determined that it is necessary to enter the building in order to provide graffiti removal services, and that the owner may either

      (a) grant permission for the city and/or its contractors or agents to enter such building for the purpose of providing graffiti removal services;

      (b) abate the nuisance by removing or concealing the graffiti and notify the city of such abatement;

      (c) inform the city that the owner consents to the marking and intends that it remain on the building. Such request shall indicate the method by which an owner may contact the city for the purpose of conveying any information or making any request in accordance with this section.

   2. The failure of the owner to comply with subparagraph (a), (b) or (c) of paragraph one of this subdivision within thirty-five days of the date of such request, or within fifty days of the date of such request if such owner has requested an extension within the initial thirty-five day period, shall result in the issuance of a notice of violation pursuant to subdivision h of this section.

   3. For purposes of this subdivision, “owner” shall mean the person registered with the department of housing preservation and development pursuant to article two of subchapter four of chapter two of title twenty-seven of this code as the owner or agent of the premises or the owner identified in records maintained by the commissioner of finance for communications from the commissioner of finance.

  1. Notice of violation.

   1. Notwithstanding any provision in this section to the contrary, where the city has determined that it is unable to provide graffiti removal services to a particular property, or to a specific location on the property, an agency or agencies designated by the mayor shall serve a notice of violation, in the manner prescribed in paragraph two of subdivision d of section 1049-a of the charter, on the owner of the property. Such notice shall indicate that the owner is in violation of subdivision b of this section and that the failure to remove or conceal the graffiti within sixty days of receipt of the notice or to consent to the marking shall result in the imposition of a penalty as set forth in subdivision i of this section.

   2. Notwithstanding paragraph one of this subdivision, a residential building containing fewer than six dwelling units shall not be issued a notice of violation pursuant to this subdivision.

   3. Notwithstanding paragraph one of this subdivision, a residential building containing six or more dwelling units or a commercial building shall not be issued a notice of violation pursuant to this subdivision more than once in any sixty-day period.

   4. Notwithstanding paragraph one of this subdivision, a commercial or residential building whose owner has granted permission for the city and/or its contractors or agents pursuant to subdivision g of this section to enter such building for the purpose of providing graffiti removal services shall not be issued a notice of violation pursuant to this subdivision.

  1. Penalty for failure to remove graffiti from commercial and residential buildings. The owner of a commercial or residential building who has been given written notice pursuant to subdivision h of this section and who fails to remove or conceal such graffiti within sixty days of receipt of such notice or to consent to the marking shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than one hundred fifty dollars nor more than three hundred dollars. Such civil penalty may be recovered in a proceeding before the environmental control board.
  1. Rulemaking. The agency or agencies designated by the mayor to provide graffiti removal services shall have the authority to promulgate rules to implement the provisions of this section.

§ 10-118 Destruction or removal of property in buildings or structures.

(a) No person other than the owner of a building or structure, the duly authorized agent of such owner, or an appropriate legal authority shall destroy or remove any part of such building or structure.
  1. No person shall transport through, along or across a public street or way used materials or parts of buildings or structures, including but not limited to, piping, heating equipment, wiring, or other fixtures, windows or parts thereof, doors, radiators, bricks, wood beams or other parts, unless such person shall possess a bill of sale or other proper proof of ownership or right to possession of same signed by the owner of the building or structure, or one authorized by an appropriate legal authority.
  2. No dealer in junk or used materials shall purchase used materials or parts of buildings or structures, including but not limited to, piping, heating equipment, wiring, or other fixtures, windows or parts thereof, doors, radiators, bricks, wood beams or other parts, unless such dealer shall obtain at the time of purchase a bill of sale or other proper proof of ownership or right of possession of same signed by the owner of the building or structure from which said materials were taken, or by the duly authorized agent of such owner or by an appropriate legal authority.
  3. Any person who violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine not more than five hundred dollars or imprisonment for not more than three months, or both.

§ 10-118.1 Theft of manhole covers.

  1. Except as provided in subdivision d of this section, no person shall remove, or transport through, along or across a public street, any manhole cover, including but not limited to the cover of an opening in the ground, street or sidewalk used by a public utility or authority to access underground vaults, structures, installations, or other enclosed space; or the cover of such an opening that is part of a sewer system, fuel storage system, or water supply system.
  2. Any person who violates any provision of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than two thousand five hundred dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars. A notice of violation issued pursuant to this section shall be returnable to the environmental control board, which shall have the power to impose such civil penalty.
  3. In addition to the civil penalties set forth in subdivision b of this section, any person who knowingly violates this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five hundred dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding thirty days, or both for each violation.
  4. The prohibition in this section shall not apply to the owner of such cover, the duly authorized agent of such owner, or an appropriate legal authority.

§ 10-119 Posting.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to paste, post, paint, print, nail or attach or affix by any means whatsoever any handbill, poster, notice, sign, advertisement, sticker or other printed material upon any curb, gutter, flagstone, tree, lamppost, awning post, telegraph pole, telephone pole, public utility pole, public garbage bin, bus shelter, bridge, elevated train structure, highway fence, barrel, box, parking meter, mail box, traffic control device, traffic stanchion, traffic sign (including pole), tree box, tree pit protection device, bench, traffic barrier, hydrant, public pay telephone, city-owned grassy area adjacent to a street, any personal property maintained on a street or other city-owned property pursuant to a franchise, concession or revocable consent granted by the city or other such item or structure in any street, or to direct, suffer or permit any servant, agent, employee or other person under his or her control to engage in such activity; provided, however, that this section shall not apply to any handbill, poster, notice, sign, advertisement, sticker or other printed material so posted by or under the direction of the council, or by or under the direction of any city agency, or pursuant to a franchise, concession or revocable consent granted pursuant to chapter fourteen of the charter.
  2. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that the person whose name, telephone number, or other identifying information appears on any handbill, poster, notice, sign, advertisement, sticker or other printed material on any item or structure described in subdivision a of this section in any street violated this section by either (i) pasting, posting, painting, printing, nailing or attaching or affixing by any means whatsoever such handbill, poster, notice, sign, advertisement, sticker or other printed material, or (ii) directing, suffering or permitting a servant, agent, employee or other individual under such person’s control to engage in such activity.
  3. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that if a telephone number that appears on any handbill, poster, notice, sign or advertisement placed in violation of subdivision a of this section belongs to a telephone answering service and no other telephone number or address is readily obtainable to locate the person or business advertised therein, such telephone answering service shall be held liable for a violation of subdivision a in accordance with the provisions of section 10-121.
  4. The commissioner of the department of sanitation shall be authorized to issue subpoenas to obtain official telephone records for the purpose of determining the identity and location of any person or entity reasonably believed by the commissioner to have violated subdivision a of this section.

§ 10-120 Protection of city advertisements.

It shall be unlawful for any person to tear down, deface or destroy any notice, handbill, sign, advertisement, poster, sticker or other printed material, put up or posted by, or under the direction of the council, or by or under the direction of any city agency or pursuant to a franchise, concession or revocable consent granted pursuant to chaper fourteen of the charter.

§ 10-121 Violation.

  1. Any person convicted of a violation of any of the provisions of section 10-119 or 10-120 of the code shall be punished by a fine of not less than seventy-five dollars nor more than one hundred fifty dollars, for the first offense and not less than one hundred fifty dollars nor more than two hundred fifty dollars for the second and each subsequent offense within a twelve month period, plus the cost of the removal of the unauthorized signs, imprisonment for not more than ten days, or both; provided, however, that subdivision b of section 10-119 of the code shall not apply with respect to criminal prosecutions brought pursuant to this subdivision.
  2. In the instance where the notice of violation, appearance ticket or summons is issued for breach of the provisions of section 10-119 or 10-120 of the code and sets forth thereon civil penalties only, such process shall be returnable to the environmental control board, which shall have the power to impose the civil penalties of not less than seventy five dollars nor more than one hundred fifty dollars for the first offense and not less than one hundred fifty dollars nor more than two hundred fifty dollars for the second and each subsequent offense within a twelve month period. Anyone found to have violated the provisions of Section 10-119 or 10-120, in addition to any penalty imposed, shall be responsible for the cost of the removal of the unauthorized signs. Anyone found to have violated section 10-119 of this chapter by affixing any handbill, poster, notice, sign or advertisement to a tree by means of nailing or piercing the tree by any method shall have an additional penalty imposed equal to the amount of the original penalty.
  3. In the event that a violator fails to answer such notice of violation, appearance ticket or summons within the time provided therefor by the rules and regulations of the environmental control board, he or she shall become liable for additional penalties. The additional penalties shall not exceed fifty dollars for each violation.
  4. Any person found in violation of any of the provisions of section 10-119 or 10-120 of the code shall be liable for a civil penalty as provided for in subdivision b of this section.
  5. Liability and responsibility for any civil penalty imposed pursuant to this section for any violation of section 10-119 or 10-120 of the code shall be joint and severable on the part of any corporation found to be liable and responsible and its officers, principals, and stockholders owning more than ten percent of its outstanding voting stock.
  6. [Reserved.]
  7. For the purposes of imposing a criminal fine or civil penalty pursuant to this section, every handbill, poster, notice, sign or advertisement pasted, posted, painted, printed or nailed in violation of section 10-119 of the code or torn down, defaced or destroyed in violation of section 10-120 of the code, shall be deemed to be the subject of a separate violation for which a separate criminal fine or civil penalty shall be imposed.

§ 10-121.1 Rewards for providing information leading to criminal conviction of a person for unlawful posting.

The mayor, upon the recommendation of the sanitation commissioner, the transportation commissioner, the parks and recreation commissioner, the citywide administrative services commissioner or the police commissioner, shall be authorized to offer and pay a reward in an amount not exceeding five hundred dollars to any person who provides information leading to the criminal conviction of any person who may have violated the provisions of section 10-119 or section 10-120 of the code. No police officer, peace officer or any other law enforcement officer, and no officer, official or employee of the city of New York shall be entitled, directly or indirectly, to collect or receive any such reward.

§ 10-122 Motor boats; operation adjacent to bathing beaches.

It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a motor boat within three hundred feet of any public beach used by bathers. Any person who shall violate or refuse to comply with the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding three months or by both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-123 Bathing in public.

It shall be unlawful for any person to swim or bathe in any of the waters within the jurisdiction of the city, except in public or private bathing houses, unless covered with a bathing suit so as to prevent any indecent exposure of the person; and it shall be unlawful for any person to dress or undress in any place exposed to view. Any person who shall violate or refuse to comply with the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction thereof, be punished by a fine of not more than ten dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding ten days or by both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-124 Wearing of bathing suits on streets prohibited. [Repealed]

  1. Definitions. Whenever used in this section, the following terms are defined as follows:

   1. Alcoholic beverage. Any liquid intended for human consumption containing more than one-half of one percent (.005) of alcohol by volume.

   2. Public place. A place to which the public or a substantial group of persons has access including, but not limited to, any highway, street, road, sidewalk, parking area, shopping area, place of amusement, playground, park or beach located within the city except that the definition of a public place shall not include those premises duly licensed for the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages on the premises or within their own private property. Such public place shall also include the interior of any stationary motor vehicle which is on any highway, street, road, parking area, shopping area, playground, park or beach located within the city.

  1. No person shall drink or consume an alcoholic beverage, or possess, with intent to drink or consume, an open container containing an alcoholic beverage in any public place except at a block party, feast or similar function for which a permit has been obtained.
  2. Possession of an open container containing an alcoholic beverage by any person shall create a rebuttable presumption that such person did intend to consume the contents thereof in violation of this section.
  3. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prohibit the consumption of an alcoholic beverage in any duly licensed establishment whose certificate of occupancy extends upon a street.
  4. The violation of subdivision b of this section shall constitute an offense punishable by a fine of not more than 25 dollars or imprisonment of up to one day, or pursuant to the provisions of the family court act of the state of New York where applicable.
  5. Any person who violates subdivision b of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of up to 25 dollars, which may be recoverable in a proceeding before the office of administrative trials and hearings, pursuant to chapter 45-A of the charter.

§ 10-126 Avigation in and over the city.

  1. Definitions. When used in this section the following words or terms shall mean or include:

   1. “Aircraft.” Any contrivance, now or hereafter invented for avigation or flight in the air, including a captive balloon, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use, and carried primarily as safety equipment.

   2. “Place of landing.” Any authorized airport, aircraft landing site, sky port or seaplane base in the port of New York or in the limits of the city.

   3. “Limits of the city.” The water, waterways and land under the jurisdiction of the city and the air space above same.

   4. “Avigate.” To pilot, steer, direct, fly or manage an aircraft in or through the air, whether controlled from the ground or otherwise.

   5. “Congested area.” Any land terrain within the limits of the city.

   6. “Person.” A natural person, co-partnership, firm, company, association, joint stock association, corporation or other like organization.

  1. Parachuting. It shall be unlawful for any person to jump or leap from an aircraft in a parachute or any other device within the limits of the city except in the event of imminent danger or while under official orders of any branch of the military service.
  2. Take offs and landings. It shall be unlawful for any person avigating an aircraft to take off or land, except in an emergency, at any place within the limits of the city other than places of landing designated by the department of transportation or the port of New York authority.
  3. Advertising.

   1. It shall be unlawful for any person to use, suffer or permit to be used advertising in the form of towing banners from or upon an aircraft over the limits of the city, or to drop advertising matter in the form of pamphlets, circulars, or other objects from an aircraft over the limits of the city, or to use a loud speaker or other sound device for advertising from an aircraft over the limits of the city. Any person who employs another to avigate an aircraft for advertising in violation of this subdivision shall be guilty of a violation hereof.

   2. Any person who employs, procures or induces another to operate, avigate, lend, lease or donate any aircraft as defined in this section for the purpose of advertising in violation of this subdivision shall be guilty of a violation hereof.

   3. The use of the name of any person or of any proprietor, vendor or exhibitor in connection with such advertising shall be presumptive evidence that such advertising was conducted with his or her knowledge and consent.

  1. Dangerous or reckless operation or avigation. It shall be unlawful for any person to operate or avigate an aircraft either on the ground, on the water or in the air within the limits of the city while under the influence of intoxicating liquor, narcotics or other habit-forming drugs, or to operate or avigate an aircraft in a careless or reckless manner so as to endanger life or property of another. In any proceeding or action charging careless or reckless operation or avigation of aircraft in violation of this section, the court, in determining whether the operation or avigation was careless or reckless, shall consider the standards for safe operation or avigation of aircraft prescribed by federal statutes or regulations governing aeronautics.
  2. Air traffic rules. It shall be unlawful for any person to navigate an aircraft within the limits of the city in any manner prohibited by any provision of, or contrary to the rules and regulations of, the federal aviation administration.
  3. Reports. It shall be unlawful for the operator or owner of an aircraft to fail to report to the police department within ten hours a forced landing of aircraft within the limits of the city or an accident to an aircraft where personal injury, property damage or serious damage to the aircraft is involved.
  4. Rules and regulations. The police commissioner is authorized to make such rules and regulations as the commissioner may deem necessary to enforce the provisions of this section.
  5. Violations. Any person who violates any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

§ 10-127 Commercial vehicles to display name and address of owner.

  1. Definition. When used herein:

   1. The word “commercial vehicle,” shall mean any vehicle, either horse drawn or motor driven, used, constructed or equipped for the transportation of goods, wares or merchandise in trade or commerce.

  1. Vehicles, markings of. Every commercial vehicle operating on the streets of the city shall at all times display permanently, plainly marked on both sides in letters and numerals not less than three inches in height, the name and address of the owner thereof.
  2. Violations. Any person convicted of a violation of this section shall be punished by not more than thirty days’ imprisonment, or by a fine of not more than fifty dollars, or both.

§ 10-128 Declaration of intent; dress of female employees in places of public accommodation.

It is hereby declared, as a matter of public policy, that the attire and appearance of females employed in cabarets, dance halls, catering establishments, coffee houses, hotels, restaurants or other places of public accommodations as hostesses, waitresses, cashiers, barmaids or in any capacity in which any such female comes in contact with or is likely to come in contact with the patrons of such establishments, attired in such a manner so that the breasts of such female employees are completely uncovered or covered only by a device attached to the nipples of each breast, is offensive to common decency, abhorrent to the standards of continence of the community and inimical to the general welfare of the people of the city of New York and in order that the peace, health, safety and general welfare of the inhabitants of the city may be protected and insured such conduct is prohibited as hereinafter provided.

§ 10-129 Prohibited acts.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any female while employed in, or who in any other way is engaged by any cabaret, dance hall, catering establishment, coffee house, hotel, restaurant or other place of public assembly or public accommodation, as a hostess, waitress, cashier, barmaid or in any other capacity wherein she comes in contact with or is likely to come in contact with the patrons thereof, to be clothed or costumed in such a manner so as to appear before the patrons of such place with less than an opaque covering of any portion of the breast below the top of the aerola.*
  2.    No person or persons having control of or being in charge of any cabaret, dance hall, catering establishment, coffee house, hotel, restaurant or other place of public assembly or public accommodation shall permit, aid or abet any female to appear in any such place in violation of the provisions of the preceding subdivision and the appearance of any female in any such place in violation of the provisions of the preceding subdivision shall be presumptive evidence that such appearance was with the permission of the person or persons having charge of or control of such places.

§ 10-130 Punishment.

Any person or persons who violate any of the provisions of section 10-129 shall be guilty of an offense and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by imprisonment for not more than thirty days or by a fine of not less than fifty dollars nor more than one hundred dollars or by both such fine and imprisonment and if any person shall have been previously convicted of a violation of section 10-129, he or she shall upon any subsequent conviction be punished by imprisonment of not less than ten days nor more than sixty days or by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars or by both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-131 Firearms.

  1. Pistols or revolvers, keeping or carrying.

   1.    The police commissioner shall grant and issue licenses hereunder pursuant to the provisions of article four hundred of the penal law. Unless they indicate otherwise, such licenses and permits shall expire on the first day of the second January after the date of issuance.

   2. Every license to carry or possess a pistol or revolver in the city may be issued for a term of no less than one or more than three years. Every applicant for a license to carry or possess a pistol or revolver in the city shall pay therefor, a fee of three hundred forty dollars for each original or renewal application for a three year license period or part thereof, a fee of ten dollars for each replacement application of a lost license.

   3. Every applicant to whom a license has been issued by any person other than the police commissioner, except as provided in paragraph five of this subdivision, for a special permit from the commissioner granting it validity within the city of New York, shall pay for such permit a fee of three hundred forty dollars, for each renewal a fee of three hundred forty dollars, for each replacement of a lost permit a fee of ten dollars.

   4. Fees paid as provided herein shall not be refunded in the event that an original or renewal application, or a special validation permit application, is denied by the police commissioner.

   5. A fee shall not be charged or collected for a license to have and carry concealed a pistol or revolver which shall be issued upon the application of the commissioner of correction or the warden or superintendent of any prison, penitentiary, workhouse or other institution for the detention of persons convicted or accused of crime or offense, or held as witnesses in criminal cases in the city.

   6. The fees prescribed by this subdivision shall be collected by the police commissioner, and shall be paid into the general fund of the city established pursuant to section one hundred nine of the charter, and a return in detail shall be made to the comptroller by such commissioner of the fees so collected and paid over by the commissioner.

   7. A fee shall not be charged or collected for the issuance of a license, or the renewal thereof, to have and carry concealed a pistol or revolver which is issued upon the application of a qualified retired police officer as defined in subdivision thirty-four of section 1.20 of the criminal procedure law, or a qualified retired bridge and tunnel officer, sergeant or lieutenant of the triborough bridge and tunnel authority as defined under subdivision twenty of section 2.10 of the criminal procedure law, or a qualified retired uniformed court officer in the unified court system, or a qualified retired court clerk in the unified court system in the first and second judicial departments, as defined in paragraphs a and b of subdivision twenty-one of section 2.10 of the criminal procedure law or a retired correction officer as defined in subdivision twenty-five of section 2.10 of the criminal procedure law or a qualified retired sheriff, undersheriff or deputy sheriff of the city of New York as defined under subdivision two of section 2.10 of the criminal procedure law.

  1. Air pistols and air rifles; selling or possessing.

   1. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, offer to sell or have in such person’s possession any air pistol or air rifle or similar instrument in which the propelling force is a spring or air, except that the sale of such instruments if accompanied by delivery to a point without the city, and possession for such purpose, shall not be unlawful if such person shall have secured an annual license from the police commissioner of the city authorizing such sale and possession. The sale and delivery of such instruments within the city from one licensee to another licensee, and the use of such instruments in connection with an amusement licensed by the department of consumer affairs or at rifle or pistol ranges duly authorized by law shall not be considered a violation of this subdivision.

   2. All persons dealing in such instruments referred to in this subdivision, shall keep a record showing the name and address of each person purchasing such instrument or instruments, together with place of delivery and said record shall be open to inspection during regular business hours by the officers of the police department of the city.

   3. Every person to whom a license shall be granted to sell, possess and deliver the instruments described in this subdivision shall pay therefor an annual fee of ten dollars.

  1. Discharge of small-arms. It shall be unlawful for any person to fire or discharge any gun, pistol, rifle, fowling-piece or other firearms in the city; provided that the provisions hereof shall not apply to premises designated by the police commissioner, a list of which shall be filed with the city clerk and published in the City Record.
  2. Sale of toy-pistols. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or dispose of to a minor any toy-pistol or pistol that can be loaded with powder and ball or blank cartridge to be exploded by means of metal caps; but nothing herein contained shall apply to the sale or disposal of what are known as firecracker pistols, torpedo pistols or such pistols as are used for the explosion of paper caps.
  3. Tear gas; sale or possession of; fees for permits.

   1. It shall be unlawful for any person to manufacture, sell or offer for sale, possess or use, or attempt to use, any lachrymating, asphyxiating, incapacitating or deleterious gas or gases, or liquid or liquids, or chemical or chemicals, without a permit issued by the police commissioner under such regulations as the commissioner or the council may prescribe; nor shall any person manufacture, sell or offer for sale, possess or use any weapon, candle, device, or any instrument of any kind designed to discharge, emit, release or use any lachrymating, asphyxiating, incapacitating or other deleterious gas or gases, or liquid or liquids, or chemical or chemicals, without a similar permit, similarly issued, except that the members of the police department in the line of duty may possess or use any such gas, liquid or chemical.

   2. Applicants for permits under the provisions of this subdivision shall pay annual fees as follows:

  1. To carry or possess such gas or liquid
$10.00
Renewals $5.00
  1. To install such gas or liquid on any premises
$25.00
Renewals $5.00
  1. To manufacture such gas or liquid
$100.00
  1. To sell such gas or liquid at wholesale
$100.00
  1. To sell such gas or liquid at retail
$50.00
  1. To sell instruments or devices designed to discharge or emit such gas or liquid
$50.00
  1. To possess or carry any instrument or device to discharge or emit such gas or liquid
$5.00

~

  1. Violations. Except as is otherwise specifically provided in this section, any person who shall wilfully violate any provisions of this section shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than fifty dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
    1.    It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sell, possess or use or attempt to use or give away, any toy or imitation firearm which substantially duplicates or can reasonably be perceived to be an actual firearm unless:

      (a) the entire exterior surface of such toy or imitation firearm is colored white, bright red, bright orange, bright yellow, bright green, bright blue, bright pink or bright purple, either singly or as the predominant color in combination with other colors in any pattern; or

      (b) such toy or imitation firearm is constructed entirely of transparent or translucent materials which permits unmistakable observation of the imitation or toy firearm’s complete contents; and

      (c) the barrel of such toy or imitation firearm, other than the barrel of any such toy or imitation firearm that is a water gun, is closed with the same material of which the toy or imitation firearm is made for a distance of not less than one-half inch from the front end of said barrel, and;

      (d) such toy or imitation firearm has legibly stamped thereon, the name of the manufacturer or some trade name, mark or brand by which the manufacturer can be readily identified; and

      (e) such toy or imitation or firearm does not have attached thereto a laser pointer, as defined in paragraph one of subdivision a of section 10-134.2 of this code.

   2. Paragraph one of this subdivision shall not apply to:

      (a) the possession or display of toy or imitation firearms by a manufacturer or dealer solely for purposes of sales that are accompanied by delivery to a point without the city;

      (b) any toy or imitation firearm that will be used only for or in the production of television programs or theatrical or motion picture presentations, provided, however, that such use of any toy or imitation firearm complies with all applicable laws, rules or regulations concerning request and receipt of waivers authorizing such use;

      (c) non-firing collector replica antique firearms, which look authentic and may be a scale model but are not intended as toys modeled on real firearms designed, manufactured and produced prior to 1898;

      (d) decorative, ornamental, and miniature objects having the appearance, shape and/or configuration of a firearm, including those intended to be displayed on a desk or worn on items such as bracelets, necklaces and key chains, provided that the objects measure no more than thirty-eight (38) millimeters in height by seventy (70) millimeters in length, the length measurement excluding any gun stock length measurement.

   3. (a)    Authorized agents and employees of the department of consumer affairs, and of any other agency designated by the mayor, shall have the authority to enforce the provisions of this subdivision. A proceeding to recover any civil penalty pursuant to this subdivision shall be commenced by service of a notice of hearing that shall be returnable to the administrative tribunal of the department of consumer affairs. The administrative tribunal of such department shall have the power to impose civil penalties for a violation of this subdivision of not less than one thousand dollars nor more than five thousand dollars for the first offense and not less than three thousand dollars nor more than eight thousand dollars for each succeeding offense occurring within two years of the first offense, without regard to whether the first offense involved a toy or imitation firearm of the same model involved in any succeeding offense. For the purposes of this subdivision, selling, offering for sale, possessing, using or attempting to use or give away any single toy or imitation firearm in violation of this subdivision shall be considered a single violation.

      (b) If any person is found to have violated the provisions of paragraph one of this subdivision on three or more separate occasions within two years, then, in addition to imposing the penalties set forth in subparagraph (a) of this paragraph, the department shall be authorized to order that any or all premises operated by such person where the violations occurred be sealed for a period not to exceed five consecutive days, except that such premises may be entered with the permission of the department solely for actions necessary to remedy past violations of this subdivision or prevent future violations. Notice of any third violation for engaging in a violation of paragraph one of this subdivision shall state that premises may be ordered sealed after a finding of a third violation and specify which premises may be subject to sealing. For the purpose of this subparagraph, any violations at a place of business operated by a different person shall not be included in determining the number of violations of any subsequent operator of a business at that location unless the commissioner establishes that the subsequent operator of such business did not acquire the premises or business through an arm’s length transaction as defined in subparagraph (c) of this paragraph or that the sale or lease was conducted, in whole or in part, for the purpose of permitting the previous operator of the business who had been found guilty of violating paragraph one at such premises to avoid the effect of violations on the premises. The procedures provided for in subdivisions c, e, f, i, and j of section 20-105 of title twenty of this code shall apply to an order of the commissioner for sealing of such premises.

      (c) For purposes of subparagraph (b) of this paragraph, “arm’s length transaction” means a sale of a fee or all undivided interests in real property, or a lease of any part thereof, or a sale of a business, in good faith and for valuable consideration, that reflects the fair market value of such real property or lease, or business, in the open market, between two informed and willing parties, where neither is under any compulsion to participate in the transaction, unaffected by any unusual conditions indicating a reasonable possibility that the sale or lease was made for the purpose of permitting the original operator to avoid the effect of violations on the premises. The following sales or leases shall be presumed not to be arm’s length transactions unless adequate documentation is provided demonstrating that the sale or lease was not conducted, in whole or in part, for the purpose of permitting the original operator to avoid the effect of violations on the premises:

         (i) a sale between relatives, which term shall mean, for purposes of this paragraph, a person and his or her spouse, domestic partner, parent, grandparent, child, stepchild, or stepparent, or any person who is the direct descendant of the grandparents of the person or of the spouse or domestic partner of the person;

         (ii) a sale between related companies or partners in a business; or

         (iii) a sale or lease affected by other facts or circumstances that would indicate that the sale or lease is entered into for the primary purpose of permitting the original operator to avoid the effect of violations on the premises.

      (d) For purposes of this paragraph:

         (i) the term “department” shall refer to the department of consumer affairs; (ii) the term “commissioner” shall refer to the commissioner of the department of consumer affairs;

         (iii) the term “premises” shall refer to land and improvements or appurtenances or any part thereof; and

         (iv) companies shall be deemed “related” if an officer, principal, director, or stockholder owning more than ten percent of the outstanding stock of the corporation of one company is or has been an officer, principal, director, or stockholder owning more than ten percent of the outstanding stock of the other, but companies shall not be deemed related solely because they share employees other than officers, principals, or directors.

      (e) A closing directed by the department pursuant to this paragraph shall not constitute an act of possession, ownership or control by the city of the closed premises.

      (f) Mutilation or removal of a posted order of the commissioner or his designee shall be a violation punishable by a fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding fifteen days, or both, provided such order contains therein a notice of such penalty. Any other intentional disobedience or resistance to any provision of the orders issued pursuant to this paragraph, including using or occupying or permitting any other person to use or occupy any premises ordered closed without the permission of the department as described in subparagraph (b) shall, in addition to any other punishment prescribed by law, be a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars , or by imprisonment not exceeding six months, or both.

   4. Any person who shall violate this subdivision shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment not exceeding one (1) year or both.

  1. Rifles and shotguns; carrying or possessing.

   1. It shall be unlawful for any person to carry or possess a loaded rifle or shotgun in public within the city limits. Any person who shall violate this paragraph shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

   2. It shall be unlawful for any person to carry or possess an unloaded rifle or shotgun in public within the city limits unless such rifle or shotgun is completely enclosed, or contained, in a non-transparent carrying case. Any person who shall violate this paragraph shall be guilty of an offense punishable by a fine of not more than fifty dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

   3. The above provisions shall not apply to persons in the military service of the state of New York when duly authorized by regulations issued by the chief of staff to the governor to possess same, police officers and peace officers as defined in the criminal procedure law, or to participants in special events when authorized by the police commissioner.

    1. It shall be unlawful for any person, except as otherwise authorized pursuant to law, to dispose of any ammunition or any ammunition feeding device, as defined in section 10-301, designed for use in a firearm, rifle or shotgun, unless he or she is a dealer in firearms or a dealer in rifles and shotguns and such disposition is in accordance with law, provided that a person in lawful possession of such ammunition or ammunition feeding device may dispose of such ammunition or ammunition feeding device to a dealer in firearms who is authorized, or a dealer in rifles and shotguns who is authorized, to possess such ammunition or ammunition feeding device.

   2. It shall be unlawful for any dealer in firearms or dealer in rifles and shotguns to dispose of any pistol or revolver ammunition of a particular caliber to any person not authorized to possess a pistol or revolver of such caliber within the city of New York.

   3. It shall be unlawful for any person not authorized to possess a pistol or revolver within the city of New York to possess pistol or revolver ammunition, provided that a dealer in rifles and shotguns may possess such ammunition.

   4. It shall be unlawful for any person authorized to possess a pistol or revolver of a particular caliber within the city of New York to possess pistol or revolver ammunition of a different caliber.

   5. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs two, three and four of this subdivision, any person authorized to possess a rifle within the city of New York may possess ammunition suitable for use in such rifle and a dealer in firearms or dealer in rifles and shotguns may dispose of such ammunition to such person pursuant to section 10-306.

   6. It shall be unlawful for any person to possess any ammunition feeding device designed for use in a firearm except as provided in subparagraphs (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e) of this paragraph.

      (a) Any pistol or revolver licensee or permittee may possess an ammunition feeding device designed for use in the pistol or revolver such licensee or permittee is authorized to possess, provided that such ammunition feeding device is not capable of holding more than seventeen rounds of ammunition and provided further that such ammunition feeding device does not extend below the grip of the pistol or revolver.

      (b) Any person who is exempt pursuant to section 265.20 of the penal law from provisions of the penal law relating to possession of a firearm and who is authorized pursuant to any provision of law to possess a firearm without a license or permit therefor, may possess an ammunition feeding device suitable for use in such firearm, subject to the same conditions as apply with respect to such person’s possession of such firearm.

      (c) Any dealer in firearms may possess such ammunition feeding devices for the purpose of disposition authorized pursuant to paragraph seven of this subdivision.

      (d) Any person who leases a firearm that has been certified by the commissioner as deactivated, from a dealer in firearms or a special theatrical dealer, for use during the course of any television, movie, stage or other similar theatrical production, or any professional photographer who leases a firearm that has been certified by the commissioner as deactivated, from a dealer in firearms or a special theatrical dealer, for use in the pursuance of his or her profession, may possess an ammunition feeding device suitable for use in such firearm, subject to the same conditions as apply with respect to such person’s possession of such firearm.

      (e) Any special theatrical dealer may possess such ammunition feeding devices exclusively for the purpose of leasing such ammunition feeding devices to such persons as are described in subparagraph (d) of this paragraph.

   7. It shall be unlawful for any person to dispose of to another person any ammunition feeding device designed for use in a firearm, provided that a dealer in firearms may dispose of, to such persons as are described in subparagraphs (a) and (b) of paragraph six of this subdivision, such ammunition feeding devices as may be possessed by such persons and provided further that a person in lawful possession of such ammunition feeding devices may dispose of such ammunition feeding devices to a dealer in firearms. In addition, a dealer in firearms or a special theatrical dealer may lease, to such persons as are described in subparagraph (d) of paragraph six of this subdivision, such ammunition feeding devices as may be possessed by such persons.

   8. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs six and seven of this subdivision any person may, within ninety days of the effective date of this local law, dispose of an ammunition feeding device designed for use in a firearm to a dealer in firearms.

   9. The regular and ordinary transport of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices as merchandise shall not be limited by this subdivision, provided that the person transporting such ammunition or ammunition feeding devices, where he or she knows or has reasonable means of ascertaining what he or she is transporting, notifies, in writing, the police commissioner of the name and address of the consignee and the place of delivery, and withholds delivery to the consignee for such reasonable period of time designated in writing by the police commissioner as the police commissioner may deem necessary for investigation as to whether the consignee may lawfully receive and possess such ammunition or ammunition feeding devices.

   10. The regular and ordinary transport of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices by a manufacturer of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices, or by an agent or employee of such manufacturer who is duly authorized in writing by such manufacturer to transport ammunition or ammunition feeding devices on the date or dates specified, directly between places where the manufacturer regularly conducts business, provided such ammunition or ammunition feeding devices are transported in a locked opaque container, shall not be limited by this subdivision, provided that transportation of such ammunition or ammunition feeding devices into, out of or within the city of New York may be done only with the consent of the police commissioner of the city of New York. To obtain such consent, the manufacturer must notify the police commissioner in writing of the name and address of the transporting manufacturer, or agent or employee of the manufacturer who is authorized in writing by such manufacturer to transport ammunition or ammunition feeding devices, the quantity, caliber and type of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices to be transported and the place where the manufacturer regularly conducts business within the city of New York and such other information as the commissioner may deem necessary. The manufacturer shall not transport such ammunition or ammunition feeding devices between the designated places of business for such reasonable period of time designated in writing by the police commissioner as such official may deem necessary for investigation and to give consent. The police commissioner may not unreasonably withhold his or her consent. For the purposes of this paragraph, places where the manufacturer regularly conducts business include, but are not limited to, places where the manufacturer regularly or customarily conducts development or design of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices, or regularly or customarily conducts tests on ammunition or ammunition feeding devices.

   11. A person shall be deemed authorized to possess a pistol or revolver within the city of New York if such person is authorized to possess a pistol or revolver within the city of New York pursuant to this section, section 10-302 or section 400.00 of the penal law, or is exempt pursuant to section 265.20 of the penal law from provisions of the penal law relating to possession of a firearm and is authorized pursuant to any provision of law to possess a pistol or revolver within the city of New York without a license or permit therefor. A person shall be deemed authorized to possess a rifle within the city of New York if such person is authorized to possess a rifle within the city of New York pursuant to section 10-303, or is a person permitted pursuant to section 10-305 to possess a rifle without a permit therefor.

   12. No pistol or revolver ammunition or ammunition feeding device shall be disposed of to any person pursuant to this subdivision unless such person exhibits the license or permit authorizing him or her to possess a pistol or revolver within the city of New York or exhibits proof that he or she is exempt pursuant to section 265.20 of the penal law from provisions of the penal law relating to possession of a firearm and proof that he or she is authorized pursuant to any provision of law to possess a pistol or revolver within the city of New York without a license or permit therefor.

   13. A record shall be kept by the dealer of each disposition of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices under this subdivision which shall show the quantity, caliber and type of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices disposed of, the name and address of the person receiving same, the date and time of the transaction, and the number of the license or permit exhibited or description of the proof of status as a person not required to have a license or permit as required by paragraph twelve of this subdivision.

   14. Any person who shall violate this subdivision shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

   15. Any person who shall violate this subdivision shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars, to be recovered in a civil action brought by the corporation counsel in the name of the city in any court of competent jurisdiction.

   16. The provisions of paragraphs three, four and six of this subdivision shall not apply to a person voluntarily surrendering ammunition or ammunition feeding devices, provided that such surrender shall be made to the police commissioner or the commissioner’s designee; and provided, further, that the same shall be surrendered by such person only after he or she gives notice in writing to the police commissioner or the commissioner’s designee, stating his or her name, address, the nature of the property to be surrendered, and the approximate time of day and the place where such surrender shall take place. Such notice shall be acknowledged immediately upon receipt thereof by such authority. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as granting immunity from prosecution for any crime or offense except that of unlawful possession of such ammunition or ammunition feeding devices surrendered as herein provided. A person who possesses any such ammunition or ammunition feeding devices as an executor or administrator or any other lawful possessor of such property of a decedent may continue to possess such property for a period not over fifteen days. If such property is not lawfully disposed of within such period, the possessor shall deliver it to the police commissioner or the commissioner’s designee or such property may be delivered to the superintendent of state police. When such property is delivered to the police commissioner or the commissioner’s designee, such officer shall hold it and shall thereafter deliver it on the written request of such executor, administrator or other lawful possessor of such property to a named person, provided such named person is licensed to or is otherwise lawfully permitted to possess the same. If no request to deliver the property is received within two years of the delivery of such property to such official, he or she shall dispose of it in accordance with the provisions of section 400.05 of the penal law.

  1. Deceptively colored firearms, rifles, shotguns, and assault weapons.

   (1) Definitions.

      (i) When used in this subdivision, the term “deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon” shall include any firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon any substantial portion of whose exterior surface is colored any color other than black, dark grey, dark green, silver, steel, or nickel, except as provided in subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph. For purposes of this subparagraph, the exterior surface of either the receiver or the slide of a firearm shall be deemed to constitute a substantial portion of the exterior surface of the firearm.

      (ii) Any firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon any substantial portion of whose exterior surface is colored white, bright red, bright orange, bright yellow, bright green, bright blue, bright pink or bright purple, either singly or as the predominant color in combination with other colors in any pattern shall be deemed to be a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon, except as provided in subparagraph (iii) of this paragraph.

      (iii) Notwithstanding subparagraph (i) and (ii) of this paragraph, a firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon shall not be deemed to be a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon merely because its handle is composed of ivory, colored so as to appear to be composed of ivory, composed of wood, or colored so as to be composed of wood.

      (iv) The term “deceptive coloring product” shall mean and include any equipment, product, or material that is designed for use in modifying any firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon so as to make it a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon. Any equipment, product, or material that is held out, offered for sale, or otherwise disposed of based on its utility, alone or in combination with other equipment, products, or materials, in modifying any firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon so as to make it a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon shall be deemed a deceptive coloring product. Any combination of equipment, products, or materials that are jointly held out, offered for sale, or otherwise disposed of based on their utility, jointly or in combination with other equipment, products, or materials, in modifying any firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon so as to make it a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon shall be deemed a deceptive coloring product.

      (v) The definitions set forth in section 10-301 of this title shall apply to this subdivision.

   (2) It shall be unlawful for any person to dispose of a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon or a deceptive coloring product except as authorized by paragraph six of this subdivision. It shall be unlawful for any person to modify, attempt to modify, or offer to modify any firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon so as to make it a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon except as authorized by paragraph six of this subdivision.

   (3) It shall be unlawful for any person to possess a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon or a deceptive coloring product except as authorized by paragraph five or six of this subdivision or for any person to attempt to possess a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon or a deceptive coloring product except as authorized by paragraph six of this subdivision.

   (4) Violation of this subdivision or of regulations issued pursuant to it shall be a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment of not more than one year or both.

   (5) This subdivision shall not apply to the possession of any deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon by any person who possesses it on the effective date of the local law enacting this subdivision, or by any person who acquires it by operation of law after the effective date of the local law enacting this subdivision, or because of the death of another person for whom such person is an executor or administrator of an estate or a trustee of a trust created in a will, provided that, within fifteen days, such person either (i) surrenders such deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon to the commissioner for disposal in accordance with the provisions of section 400.05 of the penal law; or (ii) modifies such firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon so that it is no longer a deceptively colored firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon and cannot be readily converted into one. This subdivision shall not apply to the possession of any deceptive coloring product by any person who possesses it on the effective date of the local law enacting this subdivision, or by any person who acquires it by operation of law after the effective date of the local law enacting this subdivision, or because of the death of another person for whom such person is an executor or administrator of an estate or a trustee of a trust created in a will, provided that within fifteen days such person surrenders such deceptive coloring product to the commissioner for disposal.

   (6) This subdivision shall not apply to the disposal, possession, modification, or use of any firearm, rifle, shotgun, assault weapon, or deceptive coloring product that is purchased for the use of, sold or shipped to, or issued for the use of, the United States or any department or agency thereof, or any state or any department, agency, or political subdivision thereof.

   (7) The police commissioner may make and promulgate such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this subdivision. Such rules and regulations may provide that for purposes of paragraph six of this subdivision, a firearm, rifle, shotgun, assault weapon, equipment, product, or material that is purchased by, received by, possessed by, or used by a peace officer or police officer shall be deemed to have been issued for the use of the agency employing such officer.

§ 10-132 Sale of broad head, bladed or hunting arrows.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or dispose of to a person under sixteen a broad head, bladed or hunting arrow or arrowhead.
  2. Any person who shall violate this section shall, upon conviction, be punished by a fine of not more than fifty dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding thirty days, or by both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-133 Possession of knives or instruments.

  1. Legislative findings. It is hereby declared and found that the possession in public places, streets and parks of the city, of large knives is a menace to the public health, peace, safety and welfare of the people of the city; that the possession in public places, streets and parks of such knives has resulted in the commission of many homicides, robberies, maimings and assaults of and upon the people of the city; that this condition encourages and fosters the commission of crimes, and contributes to juvenile delinquency, youth crime and gangsterism; that unless the possession or carrying in public places, streets and parks of the city of such knives without a lawful purpose is prohibited, there is danger of an increase in crimes of violence and other conditions detrimental to public peace, safety and welfare. It is further declared and found that the wearing or carrying of knives in open view in public places while such knives are not being used for a lawful purpose is unnecessary and threatening to the public and should be prohibited.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any person to carry on his or her person or have in such person’s possession, in any public place, street, or park any knife which has a blade length of four inches or more.
  3. It shall be unlawful for any person in a public place, street or park, to wear outside of his or her clothing or carry in open view any knife with an exposed or unexposed blade unless such person is actually using such knife for a lawful purpose as set forth in subdivision d of this section.
  4. The provisions of subdivisions b and c of this section shall not apply to (1) persons in the military service of the state of New York when duly authorized to carry or display knives pursuant to regulations issued by the chief of staff to the governor; (2) police officers and peace officers as defined in the criminal procedure law; (3) participants in special events when authorized by the police commissioner; (4) persons in the military or other service of the United States, in pursuit of official duty authorized by federal law; (5) emergency medical technicians or voluntary or paid ambulance drivers while engaged in the performance of their duties; or (6) any person displaying or in possession of a knife otherwise in violation of this section when such knife (a) is being used for or transported immediately to or from a place where it is used for hunting, fishing, camping, hiking, picnicking or any employment, trade or occupation customarily requiring the use of such knife; or (b) is displayed or carried by a member of a theatrical group, drill team, military or para-military unit or veterans organization, to, from, or during a meeting, parade or other performance or practice for such event, which customarily requires the carrying of such knife; or (c) is being transported directly to or from a place of purchase, sharpening or repair, packaged in such a manner as not to allow easy access to such knife while it is transported; or (d) is displayed or carried by a duly enrolled member of the Boy or Girl Scouts of America or a similar organization or society and such display or possession is necessary to participate in the activities of such organization or society.
  5. Violation of this section shall be an offense punishable by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars or by imprisonment not exceeding fifteen days or by both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-134 Prohibition on sale of certain knives.

  1. Legislative findings. It is hereby declared and found that the possession in public places, streets and parks of the city, of folding knives which lock upon opening, is a menace to the public health, peace, safety and welfare of the people of the city; that the possession in public places, streets and parks of such knives has resulted in the commission of many homicides, robberies, maimings and assaults of and upon the people of the city, that this condition encourages and fosters the commission of crimes, and contributes to juvenile delinquency, youth crime and gangsterism; that if this situation is not addressed, then there is a danger of an increase in crimes of violence, and other conditions detrimental to public peace, safety and welfare. It has been found that folding knives with a blade of four (4) inches or more that locks in an open position are designed and used almost exclusively for the purpose of stabbing or the threat thereof. Therefore for the safety of the city, such weapons should be prohibited from sale within the jurisdiction of the city of New York.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, or offer for sale within the jurisdiction of the city of New York, any folding knife with a blade length of four or more inches which is so constructed that when it is opened it is locked in an open position and cannot be closed without depressing or moving a release mechanism.
  3. Exempt from this section are importers and exporters or merchants who ship or receive locking folding knives, with a blade length of four or more inches, in bulk, which knives are scheduled to travel or have travelled in the course of international, interstate, or intrastate commerce to a point outside the city. Such bulk shipments shall remain in their original shipping package, unopened, except for inspection and possible subdivision for further movement in interstate or intrastate commerce to a point outside the city.
  4. Violation of this section shall be an offense punishable by a fine of not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750) or by imprisonment not exceeding fifteen days (15) or both such fine and imprisonment. Any person violating this section shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed one thousand dollars for each violation.

§ 10-134.1 Prohibition on sale of box cutters to persons under twenty-one years of age, open displays of box cutters by sellers, and possession of box cutters in a public place, or on school premises by persons under twenty-two years of age.

  1. Legislative findings. The council hereby finds that the number of school safety incidents which take place in the city’s schools are disturbingly high and are rising, and that these incidents place students and staff at unacceptable risk of injury and disrupt the learning environment. Board of education statistics reveal that for the first half of the 1994-95 school year, 8,333 school safety incidents occurred, representing a 27.6 percent increase as compared with the same period in the prior year. Board of education statistics also reveal that for the entire 1994-95 school year, 19,814 school safety incidents were reported, representing an increase of 16 percent as compared to the prior school year. The council further finds that the board of education’s school safety statistics reveal that over 2,000 box cutters and other similar implements were seized during the 1994-95 school year, indicating that these instruments have become the “weapon of choice” in the city’s schools. These implements are used as weapons by students as they are relatively inexpensive, readily available, and easily deployable. Used as weapons, box cutters and similar instruments can cause great injury. It is the council’s belief that banning the sale of box cutters to minors under eighteen year of age, requiring that those who sell box cutters ensure that they are not displayed in a manner that increases opportunities for minors to steal them, and banning the possession of box cutters by persons under twenty-two years of age on school premises, will significantly help in reducing the number of violent school safety incidents and in ensuring that schools are the safe havens of knowledge and education that children need and deserve.
  2. Definitions. For purposes of this section:

   (1) “Box cutter” means any knife consisting of a razor blade, retractable, nonretractable, or detachable in segments, attached to or contained within a plastic or metal housing, including utility knives, snap-off knives, and box cart cutters.

   (2) “Person” means any natural person, corporation, partnership, firm, organization or other legal entity.

   (3) “Public place” means a place to which the public or a substantial group of persons has access, and includes, but is not limited to, any street, highway, parking lot, plaza, transportation facility, school, place of amusement, park, playground, and any hallway, lobby and other portion of an apartment house or hotel not constituting a room or apartment designed for actual residence.

   (4) “School premises” means the buildings, grounds, or facilities, or any portion thereof, owned, occupied by, or under the custody or control of public and private institutions for the primary purpose of providing educational instruction to students, and any vehicles owned, operated or leased by such institutions which are used to transport such students or the personnel of such institutions.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer to sell or cause any person to sell or offer to sell a box cutter to any individual under twenty-one years of age.
  2. No person who sells or offers for sale box cutters shall place such box cutters on open display so that such implements are accessible to the public without the assistance of such seller, or his or her employee or other agent, offering such implement for sale; provided, however, that the restrictions of this subdivision shall not apply to those box cutters on open display (1) which are clearly and fully visible from a place of payment for goods or services or customer information at which such seller or an employee or other agent of such seller is usually present during hours when the public is invited or (2) which are in a package, box or other container provided by the manufacturer, importer or packager that is larger than 41 square inches.
  3. It shall be unlawful for any person under twenty-two years of age to possess a box cutter on school premises, and unlawful for any person under twenty-one years of age to possess a box cutter while in a public place; provided, however, that nothing in this subdivision shall preclude:

   (1) the temporary transfer on school premises of such an instrument to a person under twenty-two years of age for a valid instructional, or school-related purpose where such device is used only under the supervision of a school staff person or other authorized instructor; or

   (2) the possession or use of such an instrument in a public place by any person under twenty-one years of age or on school premises by any person under twenty-two years of age so long as it occurs under circumstances in which such person is performing work on such premises during the course of his or her employment, and such instrument is used only under the supervision of his or her employer or such employer’s agent or a school staff person.

  1. When a person is found to possess a box cutter while in a public place in violation of subdivision e of this section, it is an affirmative defense that:

   (1) such person is traveling to or from school premises, where it was or will be used for a valid instructional or school related purpose and used only under the supervision of a school staff member or other authorized instructor, and such person has not displayed the box cutter in a menacing or threatening manner, or in a manner that a reasonable person would believe manifests an intent to use such box cutter for a criminal purpose; or

   (2) such person is traveling to or from his or her place of employment, where it was or will be used during the course of such employment and used only under the supervision of his or her employer or such employer’s agent, and such person has not displayed the box cutter in a menacing or threatening manner, or in a manner that a reasonable person would believe manifests an intent to use such box cutter for a criminal purpose.

  1. Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

§ 10-134.2 Regulation of laser pointers.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section:

   (1) “Laser pointer” means any device that emits light amplified by the stimulated emission of radiation that is visible to the human eye.

   (2) “Person” means any natural person, corporation, partnership, firm, organization or other legal entity.

   (3) “Public place” means a place to which the public or a substantial group of persons has access, and includes, but is not limited to, any street, highway, parking lot, plaza, transportation facility, place of amusement, park, playground, and any hallway, lobby and other portion of an apartment house or hotel not constituting a room or apartment designed for actual residence.

   (4) “School premises” means the buildings, grounds or facilities, or any portion thereof, owned, occupied by, or under the custody or control of public or private institutions for the primary purpose of providing educational or recreational instruction to students, and any vehicles owned, operated or leased by or on behalf of such institutions that are used to transport such students or the personnel of such institutions.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to give, sell or offer to sell or cause any person to give, sell or offer to sell a laser pointer to any individual eighteen years of age or younger.
  2. No person who sells or offers for sale laser pointers shall place such laser pointers on open display so that such laser pointers are accessible to the public without the assistance of such seller, or his or her employee or other agent, offering such laser pointers for sale, unless: (1) such laser pointers on open display are clearly and fully visible from a place of payment for goods or services or customer information at which such seller or an employee or other agent of such seller is usually present during hours when the public is invited or (2) such laser pointers are in a package, box or other container provided by the manufacturer, importer or packager that is larger than forty-one square inches. Further, it shall be unlawful to display laser pointers in any manner or to post a sign advertising the availability of laser pointers unless a notice has been posted, in a form and manner prescribed by rule of the department of consumer affairs, indicating that the sale or giving of laser pointers to persons eighteen years of age or younger is a misdemeanor.
  3. It shall be unlawful for any person twenty years of age or younger to possess a laser pointer on school premises, unlawful for any person eighteen years of age or younger to possess a laser pointer while in a public place and unlawful for any person to direct light emitted from a laser pointer into or through a public place; provided, however, that nothing in this section shall preclude:

   (1) the temporary transfer on school premises of a laser pointer to, or possession on school premises of a laser pointer by, a person twenty years of age or younger for a valid instructional, school-related or employment purpose, where such laser pointer is used under the supervision of a school staff person, other authorized instructor, employer or employer’s agent; or

   (2) the temporary transfer in a public place of a laser pointer to, or possession in a public place of a laser pointer by, a person eighteen years of age or younger, during such person’s hours of employment, for a valid employment purpose, where such laser pointer is used under the supervision of the employer or employer’s agent; or

   (3) the direction of light from a laser pointer into or through a public place by a person nineteen years of age or older, during such person’s hours of employment, for a valid employment purpose.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to direct light from a laser pointer at a uniformed police officer, uniformed security guard, uniformed school safety officer, uniformed traffic enforcement agent, uniformed member of a paid or volunteer fire department, uniformed emergency medical service worker or uniformed ambulance worker, or other uniformed city, state or federal peace officer, investigator or emergency service worker, or the marked service vehicle of any such individual.
  2. When a person is found to possess a laser pointer while in a public place or on school premises in violation of subdivision d of this section, it is an affirmative defense that:

   (1) such person was traveling to or from school premises, where the laser pointer would have been or was used for a valid instructional, school-related or employment purpose under the supervision of a school staff person, other authorized instructor, employer or employer’s agent, and such person had not turned on the laser pointer or displayed it in a menacing or threatening manner; or

   (2) such person was traveling to or from his or her place of employment, where the laser pointer would have been or was used during such person’s hours of employment, for a valid employment purpose, under the supervision of the employer of* employer’s agent, and such person had not turned on the laser pointer or displayed it in a menacing or threatening manner.

  1. Authorized agents and employees of the department of consumer affairs, and of any other agency designated by the mayor, shall have the authority to enforce the provisions of subdivisions b and c of this section. A proceeding to recover any civil penalty pursuant to this section shall be commenced by the service of a notice of hearing that shall be returnable to the administrative tribunal of the department of consumer affairs. The administrative tribunal of the department shall have the power to impose civil penalties for a violation of subdivision b or c of this section as follows: not more than three hundred dollars for the first violation; not more than five hundred dollars for the section* violation by the same person within a two-year period; and not more than one thousand dollars for the third and all subsequent violations by the same person within a two-year period. For purposes of determining whether a violation of subdivision b or subdivision c of this section should be adjudicated as a second, third or subsequent violation, violations of subdivision b and violations of subdivision c of this section by the same person within a two-year period shall be aggregated.
  2. Any person who violates subdivision b, c or e of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor. Any person who violates subdivision d of this section shall be guilty of a violation for a first offense and a misdemeanor for all subsequent offenses.

§ 10-135 Prohibition on sale and possession of electronic stun guns.

  1. As used in this section, “electronic stun gun” shall mean any device designed primarily as a weapon, the purpose of which is to stun, render unconscious or paralyze a person by passing an electronic shock to such person, but shall not include an “electronic dart gun” as such term is defined in section 265.00 of the penal law.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer for sale or to have in his or her possession within the jurisdiction of the city any electronic stun gun.
  3. Violation of this section shall be a class A misdemeanor.
  4. The provisions of this section prohibiting the possession of electronic stun guns shall not apply to police officers as defined in the criminal procedure law, who are operating under regular department procedure or operation guidelines established by their department.
  5. The provisions of this section shall not apply to manufacturers of electronic stun guns or importers and exporters or merchants of electronic stun guns, when such stun guns are scheduled to travel in the course of international, interstate, or intrastate commerce to a point outside the city. Such bulk shipments shall remain in their original shipping package, unopened, except for inspection and possible subdivision for further movement in interstate or intrastate commerce to a point outside the city.

§ 10-136 Prohibition against certain forms of aggressive solicitation.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section:

   (1) “Aggressive manner” shall mean:

      (a) Approaching or speaking to a person, or following a person before, during or after soliciting, asking or begging, if that conduct is intended or is likely to cause a reasonable person to (i) fear bodily harm to oneself or to another, damage to or loss of property, or the commission of any offense as defined in section ten of the penal law upon oneself or another, or (ii) otherwise be intimidated into giving money or other thing of value, or (iii) suffer unreasonable inconvenience, annoyance or alarm;

      (b) Intentionally touching or causing physical contact with another person or an occupied vehicle without that person’s consent in the course of soliciting, asking or begging;

      (c) Intentionally blocking or interfering with the safe or free passage of a pedestrian or vehicle by any means, including unreasonably causing a pedestrian or vehicle operator to take evasive action to avoid physical contact; or

      (d) Using violent or threatening gestures toward a person solicited.

   (2) “Solicit, ask or beg” shall include using the spoken, written, or printed word, or bodily gestures, signs or other means with the purpose of obtaining an immediate donation of money or other thing of value or soliciting the sale of goods or services.

   (3) “Public place” shall mean a place to which the public or a substantial group of persons has access, and includes, but is not limited to, any street, highway, parking lot, plaza, transportation facility, school, place of amusement, park, playground, and any hallway, lobby and other portion of an apartment house or hotel not constituting a room or apartment designed for actual residence.

   (4) “Bank” shall mean any banking corporation as defined in section 11-164 of the code.

   (5) “Check cashing business” shall mean any person duly licensed by the superintendent of banks to engage in the business of cashing checks, drafts or money orders for consideration pursuant to the provisions of article 9-A of the banking law.

   (6) “Automated teller machine” shall mean a device, linked to a financial institution’s account records, which is able to carry out transactions, including, but not limited to: account transfers, deposits, cash withdrawals, balance inquiries, and mortgage and loan payments.

   (7) “Automated teller machine facility” shall mean the area comprised of one or more automated teller machines, and any adjacent space which is made available to banking customers after regular banking hours.

  1. Prohibited acts.

   (1) No person shall solicit, ask or beg in an aggressive manner in any public place.

   (2) No person shall solicit, ask or beg within ten feet of any entrance or exit of any bank or check cashing business during its business hours or within ten feet of any automated teller machine during the time it is available for customers’ use. Provided, however, that when an automated teller machine is located within an automated teller machine facility, such distance shall be measured from the entrance or exit of the automated teller machine facility. Provided further that no person shall solicit, ask or beg within an automated teller machine facility where a reasonable person would or should know that he or she does not have the permission to do so from the owner or other person lawfully in possession of such facility. Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed to prohibit the lawful vending of goods and services within such areas.

   (3) No person shall approach an operator or other occupant of a motor vehicle while such vehicle is located on any street, for the purpose of either performing or offering to perform a service in connection with such vehicle or otherwise soliciting the sale of goods or services, if such approaching, performing, offering or soliciting is done in an aggressive manner as defined in paragraph one of subdivision a of this section. Provided, however, that this paragraph shall not apply to services rendered in connection with the lawful towing of such vehicle or in connection with emergency repairs requested by the operator or other occupant of such vehicle.

  1. Exemptions. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any unenclosed automated teller machine located within any building, structure or space whose primary purpose or function is unrelated to banking activities, including but not limited to supermarkets, airports and school buildings, provided that such automated teller machine shall be available for use only during the regular hours of operation of the building, structure or space in which such machine is located.
  2. Penalties. Any violation of the provisions of this section shall constitute a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than sixteen days or by a fine not to exceed one hundred dollars, or by both.

§ 10-137 Prevention of harassment on school premises.*

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   1. “Department” shall mean the New York city department of education.

   2. “Gender” shall mean actual or perceived sex and shall also include a person’s gender identity, self-image, appearance, behavior or expression, whether or not that gender identity, self-image, appearance, behavior or expression is different from that traditionally associated with the legal sex assigned to that person at birth.

   3. “Harassment” shall mean the creation of a hostile environment by, in whole or in part, conduct or verbal threats, taunting, intimidation or abuse, including conduct, verbal threats, intimidation or abuse for any reason, including, but not limited to, a person’s actual or perceived race, color, national origin, ethnic group, religion, religious practice, disability, sexual orientation, gender, sex, family composition or circumstance, economic circumstance, physical characteristic, medical condition, school performance or any other characteristic or reason that has or would reasonably have the effect of substantially interfering with a student’s educational performance, opportunities or benefits, or a student’s mental, emotional or physical well-being, or that reasonably causes or would reasonably be expected to cause a student or other person to fear for his or her physical safety.

   4. “Retaliatory action” shall mean, but not be limited to, dismissal, demotion, suspension, disciplinary action, negative performance evaluation, any action resulting in loss of staff, compensation or other benefit, failure to hire, failure to appoint, failure to promote, or transfer or assignment or failure to transfer or assign against the wishes of the affected person.

   5. “School” shall mean each school within the New York city public school system that provides educational instruction to students at or below the twelfth grade level.

   6. “School function” shall mean a school-sponsored extra-curricular event or activity or any event that takes place on school premises.

   7. “School premises” shall mean the buildings, grounds or facilities, or any portion thereof, owned, occupied by, or under the custody or control of the department or of a school, used for the primary purpose of providing educational instruction to students at or below the twelfth grade level, and any vehicles owned, operated or leased by or on behalf of such institutions that are used to transport such students or the personnel of such institutions. School premises shall also include public transportation, such as subways, buses and ferries, when students use such public transportation to attend school or a school function.

  1. Prohibition of harassment. No person shall subject another person to harassment on school premises or at a school function.
  2. Policies and guidelines.

   1. The chancellor of the city public school system shall create policies and guidelines, in accordance with the procedures set forth in subdivision three of section 2801 of the New York state education law, designed to create an environment for each school that is free from harassment. Such policies and guidelines shall include, but not be limited to, penalties or disciplinary measures for those found to have violated such policies and guidelines, and shall indicate when incidents of harassment must be reported to law enforcement authorities. Such policies and guidelines shall also specify that harassment is a basis for granting to a student who has been harassed a transfer to another school, commonly called a “safety transfer,” and that harassment is a basis for disciplining any student who engages or has engaged in the harassment of others.

   2. Such policies and guidelines required by paragraph 1 of this subdivision shall also:

      (i) include guidelines to be used in employee training programs, which training shall be given on a regular basis to all pedagogical staff and school safety officers to discourage the development of harassment by (a) raising the awareness and sensitivity of school employees to potential harassment, and (b) enabling employees to prevent and respond to harassment;

      (ii) include guidelines to be used in presentations given to students about conduct and harassment issues; such guidelines shall be designed to discourage the development of harassment by (a) raising the awareness and sensitivity of pupils regarding potential harassment, and (b) fostering empathy and empathetic conduct among students;

      (iii) be included in the code of conduct which the chancellor is required to disseminate pursuant to subdivision four of section 2801 of the New York state education law;

      (iv) be included in mail to parents or guardians of students at each school at the beginning of each school year, be posted in prominent places within each school and be translated and made available in the ten most common languages spoken in New York city and in any other language spoken by more than ten percent of the parents or guardians of children attending any individual school; and

      (v) be distributed to all staff, school safety officers and members of school safety committees.

   3. The chancellor of the city public school system shall appoint the principal of each school as the person responsible for ensuring the dissemination of the anti-harassment policies and guidelines to all staff of each school, all school safety officers, all members of the school safety committee, and to all students and their parents or guardians, and for providing training to pedagogical staff and school safety officers. Such principal shall also ensure that the name and contact information of a school employee who can provide copies of such policies and guidelines is made available to all students, parents, guardians, staff and to the school safety committee. Such principal may designate a subordinate to assume the responsibilities required by this paragraph.

  1. Reporting.

   1. The chancellor of the city public school system shall appoint the principal of each school as the enforcement officer responsible for ensuring the enforcement of the anti-harassment policies and guidelines established pursuant to subdivision c of this section and to whom reports of incidents of harassment on school premises or at a school function may be made. Each such principal may designate a subordinate to assume these responsibilities. The chancellor shall also appoint the superintendent of each region and/or district within his or her jurisdiction or the designee of such superintendent, as the person to whom reports of incidents of harassment on school premises or at a school function may be made when such report concerns the principal or other person appointed or designated as the enforcement officer of a school.

   2. The chancellor shall create procedures under which incidents of harassment on school premises or at school functions are tracked centrally for record keeping purposes, and procedures under which such incidents of harassment are reported promptly to the principal or his or her designee, or the superintendent of each region and/or district or his or her designee, who must complete, for each such incident, an incident report indicating information about the incident, including, but not limited to, the parties, the location where such incident took place, the date and time such incident occurred and type of harassment involved.

   3. By no later than July 30 of each year, the department shall publish a statistical summary of all incidents of harassment that occurred on school premises or at a school function during the preceding school year. Such summary report shall indicate, at a minimum, the number and nature of incidents of harassment broken down by school, school district, region, borough and grade level, and shall be published on the department’s website and by such other means as, in the chancellor’s discretion, are reasonably determined to best disseminate such information to the public.

   4. The department shall also include, on each school’s annual report card or any similar document that the department creates, summary information about incidents of harassment at such school, which information shall include (i) a comparison of all incidents of harassment at such school with all incidents of harassment in all similar schools, as determined by the department and (ii) the number of safety transfers that were granted from such school to another school during the preceding school year.

  1. Protection of people who report incidents of harassment. Any person subjected to harassment or having reasonable cause to suspect that another person has been subjected to harassment on school premises or at a school function, who reasonably and in good faith either reports such information to appropriate school officials or to law enforcement authorities, or who initiates, testifies, participates or assists in any formal or informal proceedings pursuant to this section, shall not be liable for civil damages that may arise from the making of such report or from initiating, testifying, participating or assisting in such formal or informal proceedings, and no school official or employee shall take, request or cause a retaliatory action against any such person who either makes such a report or initiates, testifies, participates or assists in such formal or informal proceeding.

§ 10-137 Prohibition on the sale or installation of audible burglar alarms for motor vehicles.*

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section:

   (1) “audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle” shall mean any sound signal device designed and intended to produce an audible response upon unauthorized entry into a motor vehicle.

   (2) “dealer” shall mean a person selling or leasing and distributing motor vehicles primarily to purchasers that in good faith purchase the vehicles other than for resale.

   (3) “manufacturer” shall mean any person manufacturing or assembling motor vehicles.

   (4) “motor vehicle” shall mean any device that is propelled by an engine in or upon which a person or material may be transported on the ground and which is intended to be operated upon a public highway.

   (5) “person” shall mean an individual, partnership, company, corporation, association, firm, organization or any principal, director, officer, partner, member or employee thereof.

    1. It shall be unlawful for any person to sell or offer or display for sale or cause any other person to sell or offer or display for sale an audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle that:

      i. is not capable of automatically terminating its audible response within three minutes of its being activated;

      ii. is capable of being activated by means other than direct physical contact with such motor vehicle or through the use of an individual remote activation device that is designed to be used with the audible burglar alarm system of a particular vehicle which alarm shall be capable of and shall terminate its audible response within three minutes of its being activated; or

      iii.    is set to automatically terminate its audible response more than three minutes after its being activated.

   (2) It shall be unlawful for any person, other than a manufacturer, to install or cause any person to install an audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle that:

      i.    is not capable of automatically terminating its audible response within three minutes of its being activated;

      ii. is capable of being activated by means other than direct physical contact with such motor vehicle or through the use of an individual remote activation device that is designed to be used with the audible burglar alarm system of a particular vehicle which alarm shall be capable of and shall terminate its audible response within three minutes of its being activated; or

      iii.    after completion of installation, is not set to automatically terminate its audible response within three minutes of its being activated.

   (3) It shall be unlawful for any person to sell, offer or display for sale, or install or cause any other person to sell, offer or display for sale, or install any component that when added to an audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle would cause such alarm to not meet the requirements of subdivision d of section 24-221* of this code.

  • Editor’s note: this section was repealed. See now § 24-238 and § 24-240.
    1.    Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision b of this section, any dealer or any person who prior to the effective date of this section installed an audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle that does not comply with subdivision b of this section and who, at the time the audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle was installed, provided a warranty for the replacement or repair of such alarm that commenced upon the installation of such alarm, shall be authorized to replace or repair such alarm in accordance with the terms of such warranty.

   (2) Any dealer or any person to which the provisions of paragraph one of this subdivision apply shall maintain a record of all repairs and replacements of such audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle performed in accordance with the terms of a warranty. Such records shall include the effective date and expiration date of the warranty, the date on which such repair or replacement was performed and such other information as the police commissioner may require by rule. These records shall be retained for a period of seven years, or such longer period as the police commissioner may establish by rule.

    1.    Any person who violates subdivision b of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than five hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars for the first violation, not less than one thousand dollars nor more than two thousand five hundred dollars for the second violation and not less than two thousand five hundred dollars nor more than five thousand dollars for the third and each subsequent violation.

   (2) Each sale, offer or display for sale, or installation of an audible burglar alarm for a motor vehicle made or caused to be made in violation of subdivision b of this section shall be deemed a separate violation and a separate civil penalty shall be imposed for each such violation.

  1. The provisions of this section shall be enforced by the police department and the department of consumer affairs.
  2. A proceeding to recover any civil penalty pursuant to this section shall be commenced by the service of a notice of hearing that shall be returnable to the administrative tribunal of the department of consumer affairs.

§ 10-138 Distribution of a Model Code of Conduct to participants in youth sports programs.

  1. Legislative findings and intent. Participation in youth sports programs should be a rewarding experience. Through sports programs, our youth learn the importance of teamwork, cooperation, effort, discipline and commitment. Furthermore, regular physical activity is the cornerstone of an active and healthy lifestyle. Unfortunately, good sportsmanship is sometimes lacking on the part of coaches, parents, players, spectators and other persons involved in youth sports programs, resulting in the creation of a hostile environment for participants. The City Council finds that in order to realize the full potential and value of youth sports programs, participants in such programs should follow a Code of Conduct that reflects principles of good sportsmanship at all youth sports events. Furthermore, the City Council finds that organizations that administer youth sports programs should have the option of banning coaches, parents, players, spectators and other participants in youth sports programs from attending youth sports events if they engage in certain egregious behavior at such events. Additionally, such organizations should have the option of requiring individuals to complete some form of anger management counseling before being allowed to resume attendance at youth sports events.
  2. Definitions. For purposes of this section:

   (1) The term “youth” shall mean any person under the age of eighteen.

   (2) The term “organization” shall mean any individual, firm, partnership, trust, association, corporation or other entity.

   (3) The term “youth sports event” shall mean a competition, practice or instructional event involving one or more youth sports teams, where such youth sports teams utilize city facilities and/or receive city funding.

  1. Any organization that administers a youth sports program that utilizes city facilities and/or receives city funding shall distribute the following Model Code of Conduct or a similar Code of Conduct containing guidelines for conduct of behavior to be observed at youth sports events to all coaches, parents and players participating in such sports program:

   Model Code of Conduct

      1. All officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators and participants shall respect one another.

      2. All officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators and participants shall respect officials’ decisions.

      3. All officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators and participants shall engage in fair play and abide by all game rules.

      4. All officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators and participants shall refrain from engaging in taunting of officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators or other participants by means of baiting or ridiculing.

      5. All officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators and participants shall refrain from verbal and/or profane abuse of officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators or other participants.

      6. All officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators and participants shall refrain from threatening physical violence or engaging in any form of physical violence.

      7. All officials, coaches, parents, players, spectators and participants shall win and lose with good sportsmanship and shall strive to make youth sports programs rewarding for all participants.

  1. Any organization that administers a youth sports program that utilizes city facilities or receives city funding shall post or affix the Model Code of Conduct or a similar Code of Conduct containing guidelines for conduct of behavior to be observed at youth sports events at the primary facility where such youth sports events occur, as practicable.
  2. Any organization that administers a youth sports program that utilizes city facilities and/or receives city funding may ban the presence at youth sports events of any official, coach, parent, player, spectator or other participant who (1) engages in verbal or physical threats or abuse aimed at any official, coach, parent, player, spectator or other participant, (2) initiates a fight or scuffle with any official, coach, parent, player, spectator or other participant or (3) engages in repeated and egregious violations of the Model Code of Conduct or similar Code of Conduct containing guidelines for conduct of behavior to be observed at youth sports events, if the conduct occurs at or in connection with such youth sports event.
  3. In the event that any official, coach, parent, player, spectator or other participant is banned from attending youth sports events pursuant to subdivision (e) of this section, such person may petition the organization that imposed such ban for permission to resume attendance. Prior to being permitted to resume attendance, such organization may require such person to present proof of completion of anger management counseling or its equivalent.

§ 10-145 Licensing and regulation of towing cars. [Repealed]

Any person who sells or gives any motor vehicle or motorcycle to any minor under eighteen years of age who has not been licensed to operate a motor vehicle or motorcycle within the city of New York, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars, imprisonment for not more than six months, or both.

§ 10-147 Possession of handcuffs, thumb-cuffs or leg irons by unauthorized persons prohibited.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to knowingly possess any type of handcuffs, including disposable cinch cuffs, thumb cuffs or leg irons. This section shall not prohibit the possession of toy handcuffs which by their construction cannot be used to restrain an individual.
  2. The prohibition of this section shall not apply to the following persons:

   1. any peace officer, police officer or any person appointed as a police officer by the superintendent of state police; or

   2. any police officer or peace officer of another state while conducting official business within the state of New York; or

   3. any employee of the city, charged with the care or custody of a juvenile committed to a secure detention facility, while on duty or while traveling to or from his or her assigned duty; or

   4. any person in military service or other service of the state, or of the United States, in pursuit of official duty or when duly authorized by federal or state law, regulation or ordered to possess the same articles prohibited by this section; or

   5. any member of the auxiliary police force; or

   6. any special patrolman appointed by the police commissioner, while on duty or while traveling to or from his or her assigned place of duty; or

   7. any licensed private investigator or any employee of a watch, guard, or patrol agency licensed by the secretary of state under article seven of the general business law, or any employee of a person, firm or corporation operating an armored car transportation service, while such person is acting in the course of his or her employment or is traveling to or from his or her place of employment; and

   8. any employee of a person, firm or corporation engaged in the business of manufacturing, selling or transporting such handcuffs, including disposable cinch cuffs, thumb cuffs or leg irons, which are intended for possession by persons authorized by this section, while such person is acting in the course or his or her employment or is traveling to or from his or her place of employment; or

   9. any person engaged in a business activity which requires the utilization of such handcuffs, including disposable cinch cuffs, thumbcuffs or leg irons as authorized pursuant to regulations promulgated by the police commissioner, while such person is acting in the course of his or her employment or is traveling to or from his or her place of employment.

  1. Any person found in violation of this section shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars nor more than two hundred dollars or imprisonment of not more than ten days or both.

§ 10-148 Fines for unlawful cutting of trees on city property other than trees under the jurisdiction of the department of parks and recreation.

It shall be unlawful for any individual, firm, corporation, agent, employee or person under the control of such individual, firm or corporation to cut, remove or in any way destroy or cause to be destroyed, any tree or other form of vegetation on any public property, without acquiring written consent from the agency having jurisdiction or control of such property. The foregoing provision shall not apply to employees of any agency who are engaged in the proper and authorized performance of their assigned duties.

§ 10-149 Violation.

  1. Any individual, firm, corporation, agent, employee or person under the control of such individual, firm or corporation violating the provisions of section 10-148 of this code concerning a tree shall be liable to arrest and upon conviction thereof shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than fifteen thousand dollars or by imprisonment of not more than one year or by both such fine and imprisonment for each such violation. Such individual, firm, corporation, agent, employee or person under the control of such individual, firm or corporation shall also be liable for a civil penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars for each such violation which may be recovered in a proceeding before the environmental control board. A proceeding to recover any civil penalty authorized by this section shall be commenced by the service of a notice of violation returnable to the environmental control board. The environmental control board shall have the power to impose the civil penalties prescribed herein.
  2. Any individual, firm, corporation, agent, employee or person under the control of such individual, firm or corporation violating the provisions of section 10-148 of this code concerning any other form of vegetation shall be liable to arrest and upon conviction thereof shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or by imprisonment of not more than ninety days or by both such fine and imprisonment for each such violation.
  3. Any individual, firm, corporation, agent, employee or person under the control of such individual, firm or corporation found to be guilty of violating the provisions of section 10-148 of this code or subdivision a of section 18-129 of this code by a court of competent jurisdiction or by the environmental control board shall be denied the opportunity to obtain written consent from the commissioner of parks and recreation or from an agency having control of public property to cut, remove or in any way destroy or cause to be destroyed, any tree or other form of vegetation on such property for a maximum of two years from the date of conviction, or from the date the civil penalty was imposed.

§ 10-150 Declaration and findings; election for non-public office.

The council hereby finds that it is in the public interest to hold certain elections on days other than those which the vast majority of the people of the city respect as a day of worship and a day of rest. The holding of elections on such days of worship is unfair to those citizens who observe such days of worship in that they are unable to participate fully in the election process on an equal basis unless they violate their religious precepts. This poses a threat to the free exercise of religion and equality of access to the electoral process. The council further finds and declares that bigotry, prejudice and intolerance will be discouraged if such elections are forbidden on those days of worship, and that holding elections on other days will permit the participation of a greater number of people.

§ 10-151 Elections for non-public office or position.

  1. It shall be unlawful to conduct any election for a non-public office or position on Friday after sundown, Saturday or Sunday in which members of the general public are eligible to cast a vote by virtue of the fact that they reside in a particular area of the city.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any person to direct, mandate, supervise or assist in conducting any such elections.

§ 10-152 Penalty.

  1. Any person who shall violate any provision of section 10-151, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars, or imprisonment for not more than ten days, or both such fine and imprisonment.
  2. The results of any election held in violation of section 10-151 shall be null and void.

§ 10-153 First aid kits on vehicles for hire.

  1. All motor vehicles for hire, used to transport any persons, with a seating capacity of ten or more persons, including the driver, whether by charter or for a term of months shall provide equipment and maintain on board the vehicle at all times, a complete first aid kit containing all that equipment reasonably calculated to provide emergency medical aid to injured persons.
  2. Any person, firm or corporation, convicted of a violation of the provisions of this section shall be punished by a fine of one hundred dollars or imprisonment for thirty days or both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-154 False statements in certificates, forms, written statements, applications or reports.

Any person who shall knowingly make a false statement or who shall knowingly falsify or allow to be falsified any certificate, form, signed statement, application or report required under the provisions of this code or any rule or regulation of any agency promulgated thereunder, shall be guilty of an offense and upon conviction thereof shall be punishable by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars or imprisonment of a term of not more than sixty days or both.

§ 10-155 Public nuisance defined. [Repealed]

*§ 10-156 Powers of the police commissioner with respect to public nuisances. [Repealed]* ::

§ 10-157 Bicycles used for commercial purposes.

  1. For purposes of this section and section 10-157.1, the following terms have the following meanings:

   Bicycle. The term “bicycle” has the same meaning as in section 19-176, and also means any wheeled device propelled exclusively by human power as well as any motor-assisted device that is not capable of being registered by the New York state department of motor vehicles.

   Bicycle operator. The term “bicycle operator” means a person who delivers packages, parcels, papers, or articles of any type by bicycle on behalf of a business using a bicycle for commercial purposes and who is paid by such business.

   Business using a bicycle for commercial purposes. The term “business using a bicycle for commercial purposes” means a person, firm, partnership, joint venture, association, corporation, or other entity that, either on behalf of itself or others, delivers packages, parcels, papers, or articles of any type by bicycle. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed as applying to persons under the age of sixteen who use a bicycle only to deliver daily newspapers or circulars.

  1. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes that does not have a site within the city that is open and available to the public must provide to the department of transportation, upon a form prescribed by the department, the following information:

   (1) the name under which such business is authorized to do business in the state, pursuant to the business corporation law,

   (2) the registered agent upon whom process against such business may be served and the address of such agent, or, if the business has designated the secretary of state as its agent for receiving such process, the post office address to which the secretary of state may mail a copy of such process, and

   (3) any other information requested by the department.

  1. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes must assign to each of its bicycle operators a three digit identification number, except that the department of transportation may promulgate a rule to require an identification number with four or more digits. Such business must issue to each of its bicycle operators an identification card that contains the name, identification number and photo of the bicycle operator and the name, address and telephone number of such business. A bicycle operator shall carry such identification card while making deliveries or otherwise operating a bicycle on behalf of any such business. A bicycle operator shall be required to produce such identification card upon the demand of an authorized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law.
  2. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall maintain a roster of its bicycle operators. Such roster shall include for each such bicycle operator: name; home address; start date; discharge date, if applicable; identification number; and date of completion of the bicycle safety course required by paragraph 3 of subdivision e of this section. Such roster shall be made available for inspection upon request of an authorized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law.
    1. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall provide at its own expense or ensure the availability of protective headgear suitable for each of its bicycle operators. Such business may not require any of its bicycle operators to provide such headgear at such operator’s expense. Such headgear shall:

      (i) meet the standards set forth by the consumer product safety commission in title 16, part 1203 of the code of federal regulations; and

      (ii) be replaced if such headgear is no longer in good condition. Headgear is no longer in good condition if it is missing any of its component parts or is otherwise damaged so as to impair its functionality.

   (2) Each bicycle operator shall wear protective headgear that meets the requirements of paragraph 1 of this subdivision while making deliveries or otherwise operating a bicycle on behalf of a business using a bicycle for commercial purposes. The term “wear protective headgear” means having the headgear fastened securely upon the head with the headgear straps.

   (3) Each bicycle operator shall complete a bicycle safety course prior to making deliveries or otherwise operating a bicycle on behalf of a business using a bicycle for commercial purposes. For purposes of this section, “bicycle safety course” shall mean information provided by the department of transportation regarding safe bicycling and adherence to traffic and commercial bicycle laws.

   (4) The commissioner of transportation shall post on the department of transportation’s website the content of the bicycle safety course required by this section.

  1. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes, notwithstanding that a bicycle may be provided by any of its bicycle operators, shall provide at its own expense or ensure that each bicycle is equipped with: a lamp; a bell or other device capable of giving an audible signal from a distance of at least one hundred feet, provided however that a siren or whistle shall not be used; brakes; reflective tires or, alternately, a reflex reflector mounted on the spokes of each wheel; as well as other devices or material in accordance with section 1236 of the vehicle and traffic law. Such business may not require any of its bicycle operators to provide such equipment at such operator’s expense.
  2. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall be responsible for the compliance with the provisions of this section of its bicycle operators. Violation of any of the provisions of this section by any such business, or of any of the rules or regulations that may be promulgated pursuant hereto, shall be a violation triable by a judge of the criminal court of the city of New York and upon conviction thereof shall be punishable by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than two hundred fifty dollars or imprisonment for not more than fifteen days or both such fine and imprisonment. In addition, any such business that violates any of the provisions of this section or any of the rules promulgated pursuant hereto shall be subject to a civil penalty of one hundred dollars. Any such business that violates a provision of this section or rule promulgated pursuant hereto more than thirty days after such business has already violated the same provision or rule shall be subject to an additional civil penalty of two hundred fifty dollars. Such civil penalties may be in addition to any criminal penalty imposed, and shall be recoverable against such business in an action or proceeding in any court or tribunal of competent jurisdiction or the environmental control board.
  3. Any bicycle operator who makes deliveries or otherwise operates a bicycle on behalf of a business using a bicycle for commercial purposes without carrying the identification card required by subdivision c of this section, or who fails to produce such identification card upon demand pursuant to such subdivision, or who fails to wear protective headgear required by subdivision e of this section or the retro-reflective apparel required by subdivision i of this section, shall be guilty of a traffic infraction and upon conviction thereof shall be liable for a fine of not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than fifty dollars. It shall be an affirmative defense to such traffic infraction that such business did not provide the protective headgear, the identification card or the retro-reflective apparel required by subdivisions c, e or i of this section. Such traffic infraction may be adjudicated by an administrative tribunal authorized under article two-A of the vehicle and traffic law.
  4. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall provide for and require each of its bicycle operators to wear, and each such bicycle operator shall wear, a retro-reflective jacket, vest, or other wearing apparel on the upper part of such operator’s body as the outermost garment while making deliveries or otherwise operating a bicycle on behalf of such business, the back of which shall indicate such business’s name and such bicycle operator’s individual identification number as assigned pursuant to subdivision c of this section in lettering and numerals not less than one inch in height so as to be plainly readable at a distance of not less than ten feet.
  5. The provisions of this section shall be enforceable by an authorized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law.
  6. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall not possess any motorized scooter and shall not permit any person to operate a motorized scooter on behalf of such business. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes shall be liable for any violation of section 19-176.2(b) committed by any person operating a motorized scooter on behalf of such business. For purposes of this section, “motorized scooter” shall be as defined in section 19-176.2.

§ 10-157.1 Signs with bicycle safety procedures.

  1. A business using a bicycle for commercial purposes, as defined in subdivision a of section 10-157, shall post one or more signs at each site of such business, provided that, if such business has only a post office address within the city, such business shall provide a written notice to each of its bicycle operators. Such sign or notice shall summarize:

   (1) the responsibilities of bicycle operators and businesses using a bicycle for commercial purposes pursuant to section 10-157; and

   (2) the provisions of the vehicle and traffic law, administrative code of the city of New York and department of transportation traffic rules and regulations that the commissioner of transportation in his or her discretion determines are most important for the safe operation of bicycles in the city. The department of transportation shall post on its website the provisions required to be summarized on such sign or notice under this subdivision.

  1. Every sign or notice required pursuant to subdivision a of this section shall be:

   (1) in English and Spanish and any other language spoken predominantly by any bicycle operator of a business using a bicycle for commercial purposes; and

   (2) in the case of a sign, posted in a manner conspicuous to such business’s bicycle operators and to patrons of such business present at the business site; or

   (3) in the case of a notice, provided to such business’s bicycle operators.

  1. The commissioner of transportation shall promulgate such rules and regulations as may be required to effectuate the purposes of this section, including rules and regulations governing the content, size and manner of display of signs required pursuant to this section and shall make a model sign available on the department of transportation’s website.
  2. The violation of any provision of subdivision a or b of this section, or of any of the rules or regulations that may be promulgated pursuant hereto, shall be a violation triable by a judge of the criminal court of the city of New York and upon conviction thereof shall be punishable by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than two hundred fifty dollars or imprisonment for not more than fifteen days or both such fine and imprisonment. In addition, any business using a bicycle for commercial purposes, as defined in subdivision a of section 10-157 of this chapter who violates any provision of subdivision a or b of this section or any of the rules or regulations promulgated pursuant hereto shall be subject to a civil penalty of one hundred dollars. Any such business that violates a provision of this section or rule promulgated pursuant hereto more than thirty days after such business has already violated the same provision or rule shall be subject to an additional civil penalty of two hundred fifty dollars. Such civil penalties may be in addition to any criminal penalty imposed, and shall be recoverable against such business in an action or proceeding in any court or tribunal of competent jurisdiction or the environmental control board.
  3. The provisions of this section shall be enforceable by an authorized employee of the police department or department of transportation or any other person authorized by law.

§ 10-158 Vessel regulation zone.

  1. Description. That portion of the body of water contained within the county of the Bronx, known as the lagoon within pelham bay park, whose limits are: on the northeast, latitude 40° 52’ 40”, longitude 73° 47’; on the northwest, latitude 40° 52’ 57”, longitude 73° 47’ 38” on the southeast, latitude 40° 51’ 54”, longitude 73° 49’ 12” and on the southwest, latitude 40° 52’ 4”, longitude 73° 48’ 25”, and which does not exceed one thousand feet from the shore line at low water mark, shall be designated a vessel regulation zone, as set forth under section 46 of the navigation law of the state of New York.
  2. Regulation. The maximum vessel speed limit within this vessel regulation zone shall be four miles per hour. The commissioners of the police department and the department of parks and recreation shall be required to enforce said speed limit. “Vessel”, as defined for purposes of this section, shall not include a crew racing shell. “Crew racing shell” shall mean any shell, gig, barge or other boat designed primarily for practice or racing, propelled by oars or sweeps, in the sport of crew or scull racing conducted by a private or public educational institution, school, academy, college, university or association of any of the preceding or by any amateur sports club or association or by the United States or International Olympics Committee and shall not include canoes, rowboats or lifeboats.
  3. Posting of speed signs. There shall be posted by the commissioner of the department of parks and recreation on the shore near the boundaries of this vessel regulation zone, signboards facing the water and bearing thereon in large letters, “Vessel Regulation Zone, Speed Limit 4 miles per hour”. Such signboards shall be conspicuously placed and of sufficient size to be easily readable by a person using such waters.
  4. Penalties. Any person violating any of the regulations including the speed limit as set forth in this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable upon conviction by a fine not exceeding fifty dollars or by imprisonment for not more than ninety days or by both.
  5. Exemptions. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any vessel while actually competing in a duly authorized regatta, provided notice of such regatta has been filed with the Bronx county clerk and the department of parks and recreation at least ten days prior to the occurrence of such event and provided that no single sponsor of such regatta be allowed to conduct more than six within any calendar year.

§ 10-158.1 Harlem River no wake area.

  1. For the purposes of this section the following terms shall be defined as follows:

   1. “Idle speed” shall mean the lowest speed at which a vessel can operate, maintain safe steerage, and minimize the production of a wake that could unreasonably interfere with or endanger other persons, property, or water-borne vessels.

   2. “No wake area” shall mean an area in which a vessel must travel at idle speed.

   3. “Vessel” shall mean any motorized floating craft with the exception of any motorized floating craft that (i) is used primarily as a residence, (ii) is a vessel operated by an authorized member or employee of any law enforcement or emergency services agency or organization when used in the performance of official law enforcement or emergency services duties, (iii) is provided as an accommodation, advantage, facility or privilege at any place of public accommodation, resort or amusement or (iv) is a vessel in commercial service, as defined in 46 U.S.C. § 2101. A vessel operated by an individual who is compensated to operate such vessel shall not provide sufficient cause to deem such vessel to be in “commercial service.”

   4. “Wake” shall mean all changes in the vertical height of the water’s surface caused by the passage of a vessel including, but not limited to, such craft’s bow wave, stern wake and propeller wash.

  1. Swindler Cove and that portion of the Harlem River running from the University Heights Bridge southerly to the High Bridge; and that portion of the Harlem River between the Spuyten Duyvil trestle and the Broadway Bridge are hereby designated “No Wake Areas.”
    1. All vessels operating within the no wake area shall be operated at idle speed.

   2. The police commissioner, the commissioner of parks and recreation and the heads of such other agencies as the mayor shall designate shall have the authority to enforce paragraph one of this subdivision.

  1. The commissioner of parks and recreation shall post one or more signboards at or about seven hundred fifty feet from the northerly-most and southerly-most boundaries, respectively, or as closely thereto as practicable, of each such “no wake area” and at or about three hundred fifty feet from the northerly-most and southerly-most boundaries, respectively, or as closely thereto as practicable, of each such “no wake area.” Such signboards shall face the water in both directions and bear thereon, respectively, a notice indicating the distance from the “no wake area” and a direction to proceed at idle speed. The exact distances of such signboards shall be subject to the availability of property upon which to post such signboards. The commissioner of parks and recreation shall also post additional signboards to indicate to vessel operators the presence of a boathouse in the “no wake area” or the shoreline. Such signboards shall be conspicuously placed and be of sufficient size to be read easily by a person using such waters.
  2. Any person violating paragraph one of subdivision c of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable upon conviction by a fine not exceeding one hundred fifty dollars or by imprisonment for not more than ninety days or by both. Any such penalty shall be in addition to any penalty provided for in the New York State navigation law.
  3. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the following:

   1. any vessel while actually competing in a duly authorized regatta, provided notice of such regatta has been filed with and accepted by the clerk of Bronx and New York counties, and with the United States coast guard and the department of parks and recreation, at least ten days prior to the occurrence of such event and

   2. any vessel while actually engaged in safety or coaching activities

§ 10-158.2 Wake reduction educational material.

The commissioner of parks and recreation, in consultation with the police commissioner, shall prepare and make available to operators of water-borne vessels, as defined in section 19-306 of this code, within the city of New York or its territorial waters, and operators of piers, marinas and boat repair yards educational materials related to the dangers of wakes to the safety of boaters in water-borne vessels in the water; the potentially adverse impact of wakes to piers and other shoreline structures, waterfront recreational facilities and parks, the shoreline itself, and wetlands along the city’s waterfront; the importance of minimizing wakes as a water-borne vessel operates in a vessel regulation zone or “no wake area;” and which government entities have jurisdiction over rule-making and enforcement in the territorial waters of the city of New York.

§ 10-159 Safe streets, safe city advisory board.

(a) There is hereby established a safe streets, safe city advisory board. The safe streets, safe city advisory board shall consist of the deputy mayor for public safety, the police commissioner, one person appointed by the speaker of the city council, one additional person appointed by the mayor, one person appointed by the governor, one person appointed by the temporary president of the state senate, one person appointed by the minority leader of the senate, one person appointed by the speaker of the state assembly and one person appointed by the minority leader of the assembly.
  1. The safe streets, safe city advisory board shall meet at least four times a year, including on the first Thursday in August, November, February and May. The advisory board may establish its own rules and procedures with respect to the conduct of its meetings and other affairs not inconsistent with law.
  2. Membership on the safe streets, safe city advisory board shall not constitute the holding of a public office, and members of the advisory board shall not be required to take and file oaths of office before serving on the advisory board.
  3. No member of the safe streets, safe city advisory board shall be disqualified from holding any public office or employment, nor shall a member forfeit any office or employment by reason of appointment as a member hereunder.
  4. The director of the office of management and budget, in consultation with the police commissioner and heads of appropriate agencies of the city, shall make an annual report to the mayor within thirty days of the release of the preliminary budget in nineteen hundred ninety-two, nineteen hundred ninety-three, nineteen hundred ninety-four, nineteen hundred ninety-five, nineteen hundred ninety-six and nineteen hundred ninety-seven regarding implementation of the safe streets, safe city program. The mayor shall promptly forward a copy of such report to the safe streets, safe city advisory board, the governor, the temporary president of the state senate, the minority leader of the state senate, the speaker of the state assembly, the minority leader of the state assembly and the speaker of the city council. The director of the office of management and budget shall notify the safe streets, safe city advisory board of any proposed budget modification to the safe streets, safe city program at the same time such proposed budget modification is submitted to the city council for approval in the form of an updated supporting schedule to such proposed budget. Such notification shall contain a detailed description of the proposed modification and the impact thereof upon the safe streets, safe city program.
  5. The safe streets, safe city advisory board shall report on August first, nineteen hundred ninety-one, and on October first of every year thereafter, through nineteen hundred ninety-six, on the implementation of the safe streets, safe city program within the city, with particular emphasis on the city’s current efforts with respect to the city’s criminal justice system, as well as the other agencies which are to receive enhanced funding under the safe streets, safe city program. Any additional written comments submitted by individual members of the advisory board regarding the city’s implementation of the program shall be attached to and incorporated within the advisory board report as an addendum thereto. All comments and observations included in the report by the safe streets, safe city advisory board shall be responded to by the mayor.
  6. The advisory board may request and shall receive from any department, division, board, bureau, commission, borough president, agency or public authority of the city of New York, such assistance, information, and data as will enable the advisory board properly to carry out its functions.

§ 10-160 Security measures at automated teller machine facilities.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section:

   (1) “Access code” means a series of numbers or letters, unique to each banking customer, which when entered into an automated teller machine, grant the customer entry to the customer’s account records.

   (2) “Automated teller machine” means a device, linked to a financial institution’s account records, which is able to carry out transactions, including, but not limited to: account transfers, deposits, cash withdrawals, balance inquiries, and mortgage and loan payments.

   (3) “Automated teller machine card” means an instrument authorized by a bank which permits a customer to gain access to an automated teller machine facility.

   (4) “Automated teller machine facility” means the area comprised of one or more automated teller machines, and any adjacent space which is made available to banking customers after regular banking hours.

   (5) “Bank” means any banking corporation, as defined in section 11-640 of the code, which operates, owns, or controls an automated teller machine facility in the city of New York.

   (6) “Adequate lighting” with respect to an open and operating automated teller machine facility located on an exterior wall of a building open to the outdoor air, and any defined parking area, means lighting during nighttime hours according to the following standards:

      (i) a minimum of ten candlefoot power at the face of the automated teller machine and extending in an unobstructed direction outward five feet;

      (ii) a minimum of two candlefoot power within fifty feet from all unobstructed directions from the face of the automated teller machine. If such machine is located within ten feet of the corner of the building and the automated teller machine facility is generally accessible from the adjacent side, there shall be a minimum of two candlefoot power along the first forty unobstructed feet of the adjacent side of the building. With respect to defined parking areas, “adequate lighting” means a minimum of two candlefoot power in that portion of the parking area within sixty feet of the automated teller machine facility. With respect to an automated teller machine facility located within the interior of a building, “adequate lighting” means lighting, on a twenty-four hour basis, which permits a person entering the facility to readily and easily see all persons occupying such facility, and which permits a person inside the facility to readily and easily see all persons at the entry door of such facility.

   (7) “Defined parking area” means that portion of any parking area open for bank customer parking which is (i) contiguous to any paved walkway or sidewalk within fifty feet of an automated teller machine facility, (ii) regularly, principally and lawfully used for parking by users of the automated teller machine facility while conducting transactions at such automated teller machine facility during nighttime hours; and (iii) owned or leased by the operator of the automated teller machine facility, or owned or otherwise controlled by the party leasing the automated teller machine facility site to the operator. The term does not include any parking area which is not open or regularly used for parking by the users of the automated teller machine who are conducting automated teller machine transactions during nighttime hours. A parking area is not open if it is physically closed to access or if conspicuous signs indicate that it is closed.

   (8) “Nighttime hours” means the period of time beginning at sunset and ending at sunrise.

   (9) “Candlefoot power” means the light intensity of candles on a horizontal plane at thirty-six inches above ground level and five feet in front of the area to be measured.

   (10) “Regular banking hours” means the period of time during each weekday, Monday through Friday, commencing at nine o’clock a.m. and ending at three o’clock p.m.

  1. Security measures. A bank shall maintain the following security measures with respect to each of its automated teller machine facilities:

   (1) a surveillance camera or cameras, which shall view and record all persons entering, exiting, and moving within or about an automated teller machine facility located within the interior of a building, or which shall view and record all activity occurring within a minimum of three feet in front of an automated teller machine located on an exterior wall of a building open to the outdoor air. Such camera or cameras need not view and record banking transactions made at the automated teller machine. The recordings made by such cameras shall be preserved by the bank for at least thirty days;

   (2) within six months after the submission of the report of the temporary task force required by subdivision c of this section, entry doors equipped with locking devices which permit entry to such facility only to persons using an automated teller machine card or access code issued by a bank for that purpose. Provided, however, that any automated teller machine facility located within the interior of a building that is not equipped with such entry door locking devices within six months after the submission of such report shall thereafter have at least one security guard stationed therein during the period of time after regular banking hours when such automated teller machine facility is available to banking customers;

   (3) entry doors equipped with fire exit bolts pursuant to paragraph two of subdivision k of section 27-371 of the code:

   (4) adequate lighting;

   (5) at least one exterior wall made substantially of untinted glass or other untinted, transparent material, which provides an unobstructed view of the automated teller machine or machines within the automated teller machine facility;

   (6) reflective mirrors or surfaces at each automated teller machine which provide the user a rear view;

   (7) a reflective mirror or mirrors placed in a manner which permits a person present in the automated teller machine facility to view areas within such facility which are otherwise concealed from plain view; and

   (8) a clearly visible sign, which at a minimum, states:

      (i) the activity within the automated teller machine facility is being recorded by surveillance camera;

      (ii) customers should close the entry door completely upon entering if the automated teller machine facility is located within the interior of a building;

      (iii) customers should not permit entrance to any unknown person at any time after regular banking hours when an automated teller machine facility located within the interior of a building is available to banking customers;

      (iv) customers should place withdrawn cash securely upon their person before exiting the automated teller machine facility; and

      (v) complaints concerning security in the automated teller machine facility should be directed to the bank’s security department or to the department of consumer affairs, together with telephone numbers for such complaints. Where emergency assistance is needed due to criminal activity or medical emergency, call 911 at the nearest available public telephone. Paragraphs two, three, five and seven of this subdivision shall not apply to any automated teller machine facility located on an exterior wall of a building open to the outdoor air. Paragraph five of this subdivision shall not apply to any automated teller machine facility located in (i) a landmark building or within an historic district, if compliance with paragraph five would require the approval of the landmarks preservation commission, and such approval has been sought and denied; or (ii) any building, if compliance with paragraph five would require the removal of a load-bearing wall as defined in section 27-232 of the code.

  1. Temporary task force. There is hereby established a temporary task force to advise the mayor and the council as to the technological feasibility of the limited access entry door requirements of paragraph two of subdivision b of this section. Such task force shall be comprised of fifteen members, two of whom shall be representatives of federally-chartered banks, two of whom shall be representatives of state-chartered banks, and two of whom shall be representatives of savings and loan associations. The mayor and the speaker of the city council shall each appoint seven members; the chair of the temporary task force shall be jointly appointed by the mayor and the speaker. Not later than twelve months after the appointment of the last member of the temporary task force, the task force shall submit a report containing its conclusions to the mayor and the city council.
  2. List of facilities. Any bank which operates an automated teller machine facility shall file a list of such facilities with the police department, the department of consumer affairs, and the department of buildings, including the street addresses, intersecting streets, hours of operation, method of security, and method of surveillance at each facility, and the telephone number of the bank’s security department. The police department shall distribute to each police precinct a list of all automated teller machine facilities in the precinct which are available to banking customers.
  3. Violations and penalties.

   (1) A bank found to be in violation of any provision of subdivision b of this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than two hundred fifty dollars. Each violation of any provision of subdivision b of this section with respect to a particular automated teller machine facility shall be considered a separate violation thereof.

   (2) Any bank found to be in violation of any provision of subdivision b of this section shall correct the violation within three days after such finding. Failure to correct the violation within three days after such finding shall subject the bank to a civil penalty of not less than five hundred dollars or more than one thousand dollars and an additional civil penalty of two hundred fifty dollars per day for each day such violation continues.

   (3) Any bank found to be in violation of subdivision h of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than one thousand dollars for each automated teller machine facility for which a report has not been filed. Any bank which makes a material false statement or material omission in any report filed pursuant to subdivision h of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than five thousand dollars for each report.

   (4) A proceeding to recover any civil penalty authorized to be imposed pursuant to this section shall be commenced by the service of a notice of violation which shall be returnable to the commissioner of consumer affairs. Such commissioner, after due notice and an opportunity for a hearing, shall be authorized to impose the civil penalties prescribed by this section.

  1. Consumer safety information. Upon the original issuance or reissuance of an automated teller machine facility access card or code, or any other means or device permitting access to an automated teller machine facility, the issuing bank shall provide its customer with written information concerning safety precautions to be employed while using an automated teller machine facility. Such written information shall include at a minimum the information described in subparagraphs (i) through (v) of paragraph eight of subdivision b of this section. In addition, upon the effective date of the local law which added this section and for one year thereafter, such written information shall also include a statement indicating that notwithstanding efforts to restrict access to an automated teller machine facility located within the interior of a building to persons authorized to use an automated teller machine card or access code, entrance is sometimes obtained by persons who are not authorized to use the automated teller machine facility.
  2. Enforcement; statistics.

   (1) The police department, the department of consumer affairs, and the department of buildings shall be authorized to enforce this section.

   (2) Statistics of crimes associated with the use of automated teller machines compiled and maintained by the police department shall be made available upon the request of any bank.

   (3) Notwithstanding the provisions of section six hundred sixty-six of the charter, a notice of violation issued by the department of buildings pursuant to this section shall not be subject to review by the board of standards and appeals.

  1. Certification of compliance. Within thirty days after the effective date of the local law which added this section, and each year thereafter, every bank which has an automated teller machine facility which is in operation on such date or on such date every year thereafter, shall submit a written report to the commissioner of buildings, on a form prescribed by such commissioner, certifying that such automated teller machine facility is in compliance with the provisions of this section, or if such facility is not in compliance with the provisions of this section, such report shall state the manner in which such facility fails to meet the requirements of this section and the reasons for such non-compliance. Each such report shall be accompanied by a fee of one hundred dollars for each automated teller machine facility operated by the bank.
  2. Compliance with building code and all other applicable provisions of law. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to exempt or relieve any bank from complying with all relevant provisions of the building code and all other applicable provisions of law.
  3. Exemptions. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any unenclosed automated teller machine located in any building, structure or space whose primary purpose or function is unrelated to banking acitvities, including but not limited to supermarkets, airports and school buildings, provided that such automated teller machine shall be available for use only during the regular hours of operation of the building, structure or space in which such machine is located.

§ 10-161 Three-card Monte Prohibited.

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, “three-card monte” shall mean a game or scheme in which the player is to receive money if he or she correctly selects one of any number of objects, which object was designated by the dealer, operator or any individual working with said dealer or operator of the game or scheme, as the winning object prior to shuffling or rearranging the position of such objects. “Objects” shall be defined as any item capable of being shuffled or rearranged on a surface, including, but not limited to, cards, shells or caps.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any person to deal or operate, or be in any manner accessory to the dealing or operating, of three-card monte on any public street, sidewalk or plaza.
  3. Any person who violates subdivision b of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.

§ 10-162 Interference with professional sporting event.

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   1. Major venue sporting event. An athletic competition or practice involving a professional team or an athletic competition or practice being conducted in a venue with a permanent seating capacity of more than five thousand. The duration of such competition or practice is to include the period from the opening of the venue’s gates to the public, to the closing of the gates after the event.

   2. Playing area. Any area designated for use by players, coaches, officials or other team or league personnel that is on, or adjacent to, the area of play during the period from the opening of the venue’s gates to the public, to the closing of the gates after the event.

   3. Sports participant. An umpire, referee, player, coach, manager, security employee, groundskeeper, stadium operations employee, or any other sanctioned participant in which the major venue sporting event is taking place.

   4. Dangerous instrument. Any instrument, article or substance which, under the circumstances in which it is used, attempted to be used or threatened to be used, is readily capable of causing death or other serious physical injury.

   5. Substance. The term includes, but is not limited, to any liquid or saliva.

  1. Conduct prohibited.

   1. It shall be illegal for any person other than a sports participant to knowingly enter or remain unlawfully upon the playing area of a major venue sporting event.

   2. It shall be illegal for any person other than a sports participant to subject a sports participant to contact by means of any substance, object or dangerous instrument during a major venue sporting event, or attempt to do so, with the intent to cause physical injury to a sports participant during a major venue sporting event or with the intent to disrupt a major venue sporting event.

   3. It shall be illegal for any person other than a sports participant to place, drop, toss or hurl any substance, object or dangerous instrument onto the playing area of a major venue sporting event, or attempt to do so, with the intent to cause physical injury to a sports participant during a major venue sporting event or with the intent to disrupt a major venue sporting event.

   4. It shall be illegal for any person other than a sports participant to strike, slap, kick or otherwise subject to physical contact a sports participant during a major venue sporting event, or to attempt to do so, with the intent to cause physical injury to a sports participant during a major venue sporting event or with the intent to disrupt a major venue sporting event.

  1. Criminal penalties.

   1. Any person who knowingly enters or remains unlawfully upon the playing area of a major venue sporting event shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than one year, a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or both.

   2. Any person who uses a dangerous instrument when violating the provisions of paragraph two of subdivision b of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than one year or a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or both. Any person who violates the provisions of such paragraph by using any substance or object other than a dangerous instrument shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than ninety days or a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or both.

   3. Any person who uses a dangerous instrument when violating the provisions of paragraph three of subdivision b of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than one year or a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or both. Any person who violates the provisions of such paragraph by using any substance or object other than a dangerous instrument shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than ninety days or a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or both.

   4. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph four of subdivision b of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than one year or a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or both.

  1. Civil penalties.

   1. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph one or paragraph three of subdivision b of this section shall be liable, to any person or entity injured or aggrieved by such action, for a civil penalty of not less than one thousand dollars and not more than five thousand dollars.

   2. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph two or paragraph four of subdivision b of this section shall be liable, to any person or entity injured or aggrieved by such action, for a civil penalty of not less than ten thousand dollars and not more than twenty-five thousand dollars.

   3. The civil penalties set forth in paragraphs one and two of this subdivision shall be in addition to any criminal penalties and/or sanctions that may be imposed, and such civil penalties shall not limit or preclude any cause of action available to any person or entity injured or aggrieved by such action.

§ 10-163 Speed contests and races.

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   1. “Vehicle”shall have the same meaning as such term is defined in article one of the vehicle and traffic law.

   2. “Engage”or “aid or abet”shall mean actions or circumstances that reasonably indicate that a race, exhibition or contest of speed or stunt behavior has occurred or is imminent, including, but not limited to: the presence of a canister appearing to hold nitrous oxide attached to a vehicle; an explicit invitation to race; the presence of a starting or ending point marked in some way; wagering on the race’s outcome; the exhibiting of stunt behavior; acting as a starter or flagperson; pushing vehicles to a starting line; or directing traffic at such an event or gathering.

   3. “Stunt behavior”shall mean operating a vehicle in a public place, or on private property open to the public, in a manner which unreasonably interferes with other persons’ use of public streets and/or endangers the health or safety of the public, the vehicle operator or its passengers, by accelerating a vehicle at a high rate of speed; raising a vehicle to the degree that one or more wheels lose contact with the ground, commonly referred to as a “wheelie”; spinning a vehicle rapidly in a circle, commonly referred to as a “donut”; using the power of the engine and braking force to cause the rear wheel of a vehicle to spin, heating the rear tire and producing smoke; or increasing the revolutions per minute of a vehicle whether or not the vehicle is in motion, commonly referred to as “revving,” thereby causing unreasonable noise.

  1. Except as provided in the vehicle and traffic law, no person shall engage in any race, exhibition or contest of speed involving a vehicle, or aid or abet in such race, exhibition or contest of speed, on any highway, street, alley, sidewalk, or any public or private parking lot or area.
  2. Except as provided in the vehicle and traffic law, no person shall engage in stunt behavior involving a vehicle, or aid or abet in such stunt behavior.
  3. Except as provided in the vehicle and traffic law, no person shall participate in any event or gathering held for the purpose of a race, exhibition or contest of speed or stunt behavior involving a vehicle. For purposes of this subdivision, “participate”shall mean wagering on the outcome of the race, exhibition or contest of speed or stunt behavior or taking specific overt actions encouraging the people engaging in the race, exhibition, contest of speed or stunt behavior.
  4. Except as provided in the vehicle and traffic law, no person shall operate, drive or park a motorcycle, whether or not in motion, unless the number plate is easily readable and is not obstructed by any part of the motorcycle, its equipment, or anything carried thereon, including the operator or a passenger. For purposes of this subdivision, “motorcycle”shall have the same meaning as in section one hundred twenty three of the vehicle and traffic law.
  5. A violation of subdivision b or c shall constitute a misdemeanor and be punishable by imprisonment of not more than six months or a fine of not more than six hundred dollars, or both such fine and imprisonment, except that the imprisonment for a violation of subdivision c shall be not more than sixty days. A second or subsequent violation of subdivision b or c of this section committed within ten years of a violation of subdivision b or c of this section shall be punishable upon conviction by imprisonment of not more than one year or a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or both such fine and imprisonment, except that the imprisonment for a violation of subdivision c shall be not more than one hundred twenty days. A violation of subdivision d or e shall constitute a violation punishable by imprisonment of up to fifteen days or a fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars, or both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-164 Operation of vehicles on approach of authorized emergency vehicles.

  1. Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle, as defined in the vehicle and traffic law, equipped with at least one lighted lamp exhibiting red light visible under normal atmospheric conditions from a distance of five hundred feet to the front of such vehicle other than a police vehicle or bicycle when operated as an authorized emergency vehicle, and when audible signals are sounded from any said vehicle by siren, exhaust whistle, bell, air-horn or electronic equivalent; the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right of way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as close as possible to the right-hand edge or curb of the roadway, or to either edge of a one-way roadway three or more lanes in width, clear of any intersection, and shall stop and remain in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, unless otherwise directed by a police officer or other authorized employee of the police department.
  2. Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, and for a first conviction thereof shall be punishable by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than thirty days or by both such fine and imprisonment; for a conviction of a second violation, both of which were committed within a period of ten years, a person shall be punishable by a fine of not more than six hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than ninety days or by both such fine and imprisonment; upon a conviction of a third or subsequent violation, all of which were committed within a period of ten years, a person shall be punishable by a fine of not more than nine hundred dollars or by imprisonment for not more than one-hundred eighty days or by both such fine and imprisonment.

§ 10-165 Serial acts of public lewdness.

A person is guilty of serial acts of public lewdness when two or more times within any three-year period he or she intentionally exposes the private or intimate parts of his or her body in a lewd manner or commits any other lewd act (a) in a public place, or (b) in private premises under circumstances in which he or she may readily be observed from either a public place or from other private premises, and with intent that he or she be so observed. A person who commits serial acts of public lewdness shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

§ 10-166 Use of cellular telephones by schoolchildren.

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section:

   (1) “Cellular telephone” shall mean any mobile analog, wireless, digital or other similar telephone or communications device, which can be used to access two-way real time voice telecommunications service that is interconnected to a public switched telephone network and is provided by a commercial mobile radio service, as such term is defined by 47 CFR § 20.3.

   (2) “School” shall mean any buildings, grounds, facilities, property, or portion thereof under the jurisdiction of the New York city department of education or any non-public school that provides educational instruction to students at or below the twelfth grade level.

   (3) “Student” shall mean any person under the age of eighteen enrolled in a school.

  1. Any parent or guardian of any student may provide such student with a cellular telephone for any lawful use en route to and from school. No person shall interfere with the provision of such telephone to, or the use of such telephone by, such student.
  2. Any person who is aggrieved by interference prohibited by subdivision b of this section shall be entitled to seek equitable relief in any court of competent jurisdiction.
  3. Nothing in this section shall be construed to affect or limit the right of any school or law enforcement official to enforce regulations regarding the use of cellular telephones.

§ 10-167 Climbing, jumping or suspending of oneself from structures prohibited.

  1. For purposes of this section, the term “structure” shall mean any building, monument, statue, crane, bridge, sign, tower or other object, or any combination thereof, exceeding fifty feet in height.
  2. It shall be unlawful to:

   (i) jump or attempt to jump from a structure, or

   (ii) climb or attempt to climb up, down or around the exterior of a structure, or suspend or attempt to suspend oneself from the exterior of a structure or on a device attached to one or more structures, unless permission has been granted to climb or suspend oneself from the structure by the owner of the structure for the sole purpose of performing construction or maintenance.

  1. This section shall not apply to a structure the primary purpose of which is recreational or instructional climbing or jumping, provided that permission is granted for such activity by the owner of such structure.
  2. Any person who violates the provisions of subdivision b of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor, punishable by up to one year in jail or a fine of up to one thousand dollars or both.

§ 10-168 Prohibition of use of non-wood bats.

  1. Definitions. When used herein, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   1. “Competitive baseball game” shall mean any organized baseball game at which a certified umpire officiates and which takes place in the city of New York.

   2. “High school age children” shall mean persons older than thirteen years of age, but younger than eighteen years of age.

   3. “School” shall mean any public or private school which includes any grade nine through twelve and which is located in the city of New York.

   4. “Wood bat” shall mean any baseball bat constructed exclusively of wood or any wood laminated or wood composite bat, which is approved by major league baseball, pursuant to such organization’s official rules, for major league or minor league baseball play; provided that such term shall not include any bat made in whole or in part of metal, including, but not limited to, aluminum, magnesium, scandium, titanium or any other alloy compound.

  1. Only wood bats shall be used in any competitive baseball game in which high school age children are participants and which involves the participation and/or sponsorship of a school.

§ 10-169 Regulation of publicly accessible collection bins.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section: “Commissioner” shall mean the commissioner of sanitation. “Department” shall mean the department of sanitation. “Publicly accessible collection bin” shall mean any outdoor container, other than any container placed by any government or governmental agency, or its contractors or licensees, that allows for any member of the public to deposit items into the container for the purpose of collection by the owner of such container.
  2. Requirements. All publicly accessible collection bins shall comply with the following provisions:

   1. Each individual publicly accessible collection bin shall prominently display on the front and on at least one other side of the bin, the name, address and telephone number of the owner of the bin. This information shall be printed in characters that are plainly visible. In no event shall a post office box be considered an acceptable address for purposes of this paragraph.

   2. No publicly accessible collection bin may be placed on any city property, or property maintained by the city, or on any public sidewalk or roadway.

   3. No publicly accessible collection bin shall be placed on any private property without the written permission of the property owner or the property owner’s designated agent.

   4. The owner of a publicly accessible collection bin placed on private property with the written permission of the property owner, or the property owner’s designated agent, and the owner of the property where the bin is located shall be responsible for maintaining such bin in a clean and neat condition.

   5. All owners of publicly accessible collection bins that are placed on private property with the written permission of the property owner, or the property owner’s designated agent, shall be required to register with the department. Such registration, at a minimum, shall include the location of the publicly accessible collection bin, the type of material collected in the bin, and the name, address, and telephone number of the owner. On or before August first, two thousand fifteen, and annually thereafter, each such owner shall submit a report to the commissioner identifying the weight of the material collected during the period beginning on July first of the year preceding the year the report is due and ending on June thirtieth of the year the report is due. It shall be unlawful for the owner of any publicly accessible collection bin to submit a report containing false or misleading information or to fail to submit a report in accordance with this paragraph.

   6. In addition to penalties provided for in any other provisions of law, in the event that a publicly accessible collection bin is placed on any city property, or property maintained by the city, or on any public sidewalk or roadway, the department shall have the authority to remove such bin. Any publicly accessible collection bin placed on any city property, or property maintained by the city, or on any public sidewalk or roadway, shall be presumed to have been placed there intentionally. If the name and address of the owner of such publicly accessible collection bin are located on the bin and are legible, such owner shall be notified by the department by certified mail, return receipt requested, that such publicly accessible collection bin was removed by the department and that the owner can claim such bin through the procedure established by rule. If the name and address of the owner of such publicly accessible collection bin are not located on the bin or are not legible, the commissioner may dispose of such bin in accordance with applicable law and rules thirty days after removal. Any owner who seeks to claim a publicly accessible collection bin that has been removed by the department shall pay the penalty established by this section and the costs of removal and storage, unless, after adjudication by the environmental control board, the owner is found not liable for violating this section, in which case such bin shall be released forthwith, and no removal or storage costs shall be imposed as a condition of such release. If any publicly accessible collection bin is not claimed within thirty days of the mailing of notice to the owner, the commissioner may dispose of such bin in accordance with applicable law and rules.

  1. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph two of subdivision b of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty recoverable in a proceeding before the environmental control board of two hundred fifty dollars for the first offense and five hundred dollars for each subsequent offense within any eighteen-month period. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraph two of subdivision b of this section by attaching or enclosing by any means any publicly accessible collection bin to or on any city property, or property maintained by the city, or on any public sidewalk or roadway, shall be liable for a civil penalty recoverable in a proceeding before the environmental control board of five hundred dollars for the first offense and one thousand dollars for each subsequent offense within any eighteen-month period. For purposes of this section, each publicly accessible collection bin placed on any city property, or property maintained by the city, or on any public sidewalk or roadway, shall be deemed a separate violation.
  2. Any person who violates the provisions of paragraphs one, four or five of subdivision b of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty recoverable in a proceeding before the environmental control board of fifty dollars for the first offense and one hundred dollars for each subsequent offense within any eighteen-month period.
  3. The commissioner may promulgate such rules as are necessary to implement the provisions of this section including, but not limited to, rules relating to:

   1. payment, by the owner, of removal and storage costs incurred by the commissioner,

   2. registration and reporting requirements for publicly accessible collection bins placed on private property,

   3. the procedures for claiming publicly accessible collection bins that are removed by the department, and

   4. the disposal of publicly accessible collection bins that have been removed by the department and claimed by an owner in cases where there is a subsequent failure to collect such bins.

§ 10-170 Criminal street gang initiation activity.

  1. A person is guilty of criminal street gang initiation activity when, in the course of his or her own or another person’s initiation or affiliation into a criminal street gang, he or she:

   1. intentionally or recklessly engages in conduct that creates a substantial risk of physical injury to another person; or

   2. by physical menace, intentionally places or attempts to place another person in fear of death, imminent serious physical injury or physical injury.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   1. “Criminal conduct” shall mean the felonies or misdemeanors defined in any of the following articles of the penal law: one hundred twenty, relating to assault and related offenses; one hundred twenty-five, relating to homicide; one hundred thirty, relating to sex offenses; one hundred thirty-five, relating to kidnapping, coercion and related offenses; one hundred forty, relating to burglary and related offenses; one hundred forty-five, relating to criminal mischief and related offenses; one hundred fifty, relating to arson; one hundred fifty-five, relating to larceny; one hundred sixty, relating to robbery; one hundred sixty-five, relating to theft; two hundred fifteen, relating to judicial proceedings; two hundred twenty, relating to controlled substances offenses; two hundred twenty-one, relating to offenses involving marihuana; two hundred twenty-five, relating to gambling offenses; two hundred thirty, relating to prostitution offenses or two hundred sixty-five, relating to firearms and other dangerous weapons; or harassment in the first degree or aggravated harassment in the first or second degree, as defined in article two hundred forty of the penal law.

   2. “Criminal street gang” shall mean any ongoing organization, association, or group of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, that engages in criminal conduct as one of its primary purposes or activities.

  1. Penalties. Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

§ 10-171 Prohibited acts during a local state of emergency.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   1. “Essential goods or services” shall mean those goods or services provided by utilities, government or private entities or personnel that are necessary to sustain or safeguard a person or property and without which a person or property is vulnerable to harm or damage. Such term shall include, but not be limited to, electricity, heat or gas service; mass transportation; telecommunications; fire-fighting, police, armed-forces, emergency medical, or hospital service; the availability of sufficient and appropriate food and clothing; temperate, sanitary, and safe shelter; potable water; and fuel.

   2. “Local state of emergency” shall mean the period of time during which a proclamation issued by the mayor, declaring a local state of emergency pursuant to executive law section twenty-four, is in effect.

   3. “Mandatory evacuation period” shall mean the period of time during which the occupancy and use of buildings and homes is prohibited for public safety purposes in response to a natural or man-made disaster, as determined by the mayor pursuant to section twenty-four of the executive law, and as declared by the mayor in an executive order during the pendency of a local state of emergency.

   4. “Mandatory evacuation zone” shall mean any area where the occupancy and use of buildings and dwellings is prohibited for public safety purposes in response to a natural or man-made disaster as determined by the mayor pursuant to section twenty-four of the executive law, and as declared by the mayor in an executive order during the pendency of a local state of emergency.

  1. Prohibited acts. During a local state of emergency, in a mandatory evacuation zone for the duration of a mandatory evacuation period, or when the conduct described below occurs during the reduction or loss of essential goods or services as a result of such emergency, it shall be unlawful for any person to:

   (1) intentionally or recklessly cause, or create a material risk of, physical injury to a person;

   (2) intentionally or recklessly damage, create material risk of damage to, or wrongfully deprive another person of property;

   (3) knowingly enter or remain unlawfully in a building or upon real property of another person;

   (4) intentionally or recklessly impede, or cause a material risk of impeding, response to the circumstances of the emergency by any governmental agency, officer or employee; or

   (5) impersonate another with the intent to obtain a benefit, or to injure or defraud a person; provided, however, that such conduct shall also constitute a violation of this section if it occurs after the period of a local state of emergency where such conduct is related to circumstances surrounding or arising out of the emergency.

  1. Affirmative defense. In any prosecution under this section, it is an affirmative defense that the defendant’s conduct constituted reasonable action taken as a result of or in response to the emergency.
  2. Penalties. Any person who violates subdivision b of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than six months and a fine of not more than two thousand five hundred dollars, or a civil penalty of not less than one thousand dollars and not more than five thousand dollars, or both; provided, however, that if the person harmed or the real or personal property affected is located in a mandatory evacuation zone and such violation occurs during a mandatory evacuation period, then the perpetrator of such act shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than one year and a fine of not more than five thousand dollars, or a civil penalty of not less than five thousand dollars and not more than ten thousand dollars, or both.
  3. Each violation of subdivision b of this section shall be deemed a separate offense for which a separate criminal fine or civil penalty may be imposed. Penalties imposed pursuant to this section shall not be deemed to limit or preclude any remedy, penalty, or cause of action available under any other law.
  4. It shall not constitute a defense to an enforcement action taken pursuant to this section that the real or personal property entered, damaged, or taken has been previously damaged under the circumstances of or in connection with the events associated with the declaration of a local state of emergency.

§ 10-172 Security guards in nonpublic schools.

  1.    Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   “Administering agency” means one or more agencies designated by the mayor to administer the program or components thereof established by this section. The department of education, with its concurrence, may be designated as an administering agency. The city and such department may enter into an agreement in furtherance of the implementation of this section.

   “Allowable costs” means (i) security guard wages equal to the prevailing wage and supplements, subject to provisions of this section governing the reimbursement of such costs, and (ii) reasonable costs, as established by rules promulgated by the administering agency, paid by qualifying nonpublic schools to security guard companies. “Allowable costs” shall include the cost of training that may be required pursuant to this section, but only to the extent that such training is not otherwise required by article 7-A of the general business law or any other federal, state, or local law or regulation, and shall not include any costs for overtime that are greater than fifteen percent of the non-overtime security wages reimbursed to a qualifying nonpublic school.

   “City” means the city of New York.

   “Prevailing wage and supplements” means the rate of wage and supplemental benefits per hour paid in the city to unarmed security guards as determined by the comptroller in accordance with section 234 of the labor law.

   “Qualifying nonpublic school” means any nonprofit elementary or secondary school in the city, other than a public school, which is providing instruction in accordance with the education law, has been assigned a Basic Educational Data System (BEDS) code by the New York state department of education, or a similar successor identifier, and is serving students in any combination of grades pre-kindergarten through twelve.

   “Qualified provider list” means a list of security guard companies that meet standards established by the administering agency to provide security services to nonpublic schools, which may include, but shall not be limited to, performance, training and other qualification standards.

    “Security guard” means an unarmed individual with a current and valid registration card issued in accordance with article 7-A of the general business law, authorizing such individual to perform security services in New York.

   “Security guard company” means a company licensed to provide security guards under contract to other entities pursuant to article 7 of the general business law.

   “Security services” means the unarmed protection of individuals and/or property from harm or other unlawful activity, as well as, prevention, deterrence, observation, detection and/or reporting to government agencies of unlawful activity or conditions that present a risk to the safety of students, staff or the public.

  1. Nonpublic school security guard reimbursement program. The mayor may authorize a program to reimburse qualifying nonpublic schools for the cost of security services as set forth in this section upon determining that such program would enhance public safety, in which case the remaining provisions of this section shall be applicable.
  2. The mayor shall designate an administering agency to administer the program.
  3. The administering agency shall establish a qualified provider list. Such list may be developed based upon standards to be promulgated by rule, or may be developed through a procurement to be conducted by such agency.
  4. Upon request of a qualifying nonpublic school, the administering agency shall reimburse such qualifying nonpublic school for the allowable costs of a security guard to provide security services at such school at all times that such school is open for school-related instruction or school-related events, including, but not limited to, school-related after school programs and athletic events.
  5. Except as set forth in subdivision g of this section, the administering agency shall provide reimbursement of the allowable costs for:

   1. one security guard at a qualifying nonpublic school that enrolls from 300 to 499 students;

   2. two security guards at a qualifying nonpublic school that enrolls at least 500 students; and

   3. an additional security guard at a qualifying nonpublic school for each additional 500 students enrolled.

For purposes of this subdivision, students with respect to whom the city separately provides assistance that includes funding for security shall not be included in the reimbursement determination, and reimbursement for the services of one security guard during periods of school-related instruction or school-related events may include the costs of different individuals providing security services at different times. Further, the term “student” shall be deemed to refer to the full-time equivalent thereof, based upon a six hour and twenty-minute school day for a student.

  1. Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivisions e and f, a qualifying nonpublic school shall not be eligible to receive reimbursement from the administering agency unless:

   1. such request is made in a form and manner prescribed by the administering agency;

   2. each such security guard is employed by a security guard company on the qualified provider list, provided that if such list has not been established by the administering agency or the list contains fewer than three security guard companies, then each such security guard must be employed by a security guard company;

   3. each such security guard is paid no less than the prevailing wage and supplements;

   4. each such security guard provides security services and no other services;

   5. each such security guard and security guard company has been employed or retained in compliance with applicable labor and employment laws;

   6. the nonpublic school, acting in coordination with the security guard or security guard company, reports criminal and other significant public safety-related incidents to the police department or other appropriate government agency promptly after such incidents occur and in annual summary reports, in accordance with rules promulgated by the administering agency; and

   7. the nonpublic school complies with rules promulgated by the administering agency.

  1. The administering agency shall provide reimbursement of allowable costs on a quarterly basis after receiving satisfactory proof from the qualified nonpublic school of compliance with the requirements for reimbursement set forth in this section.
  2. The reimbursement authorized by this section shall not interfere with any rights a security guard has pursuant to any collective bargaining agreement.
  3. Notwithstanding any provision to the contrary in this local law, the total annual amount of reimbursements authorized by this section shall be a maximum of $19,800,000 dollars per school year, which shall be adjusted annually by the administering agency, if such agency anticipates that such maximum will be reached in the subsequent one-year period, to reflect changes in the prevailing wage and supplements, the number of students attending qualifying nonpublic schools, or the number of qualifying nonpublic schools, provided that such reimbursements shall in no event exceed the amounts appropriated for implementation of this section. To the extent the administering agency anticipates that the amount requested for reimbursement will exceed the funds available, the administering agency shall reimburse for allowable costs on an equitable basis until such funds are exhausted.
  4. Nothing in this section shall prohibit a qualifying nonpublic school from paying a wage to a security guard greater than that for which it receives reimbursement pursuant to this section.
  5. The provision of reimbursement to a qualifying nonpublic school for allowable costs of a security guard pursuant to this section shall not make the city of New York or any administering agency the employer of such security guard, and such school shall be solely responsible for withholding and payment of any taxes and other government required payments. Further, nothing in this section shall be construed to relieve any qualifying nonpublic school of responsibility for all other elements of security that may be required or appropriate and are not funded pursuant to this section.
  6. The administering agency may promulgate any rules as may be necessary for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of this section, including, but not limited to, rules (i) relating to the training of security guards, (ii) ensuring that security guards and security guard companies are appropriately qualified to provide security services to qualifying nonpublic schools, and (iii) providing for prompt reporting of criminal and other significant public safety-related incidents to the police department or other appropriate government agency as well as annual summary reports of such incidents.

§ 10-173 Uniform civil penalties for possessing an open container of alcohol.

Notwithstanding any inconsistent provision of law, the civil penalty for the violation of 56 RCNY § 1-05(f)(1), or any successor rule of the department of parks and recreation that prohibits or restricts the consumption or possession with intent to consume an open container of alcohol, shall be no greater than the civil penalties established by section 10-125 of the code.

§ 10-174 Next generation 911.

  1.    As used in this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

   Commissioner. The term “commissioner” means the commissioner of information technology and telecommunications.

   Next Generation 911. The term “next generation 911” means an internet protocol based system that allows digital information, including voice, photos, videos, and text messages, to be transmitted from the public to emergency responders in accordance with any national 911 program standards or guidelines applicable pursuant to federal or state law.

  1.    By no later than six months after the end of each fiscal year, the commissioner, in consultation with the police commissioner and fire commissioner, shall issue to the mayor and the council, and make publicly available online, a report on the implementation of next generation 911 within the 911 emergency assistance system. Such report shall contain (i) a description of the current implementation plan, including planned next steps, (ii) a description of steps taken towards implementation since the prior report, (iii) a description of the feasibility of implementing a 911 text message transmission capability before full implementation of next generation 911 and (iv) any other information the commissioner deems relevant.
  2.    Upon determining that next generation 911 has been fully implemented or that no further implementation will occur, the commissioner shall issue to the mayor and the council, and make publicly available online, a final report under subdivision b of this section and no further reports shall be required. Such final report shall include a conspicuous statement that it is a final report pursuant to this subdivision.

Editor’s note: this section’s enacting legislation provides that “[t]his local law … is deemed repealed six months after the final report required by subdivision c of [this section] is issued.” See L.L. 2016/078 § 2, 6/28/2016.

§ 10-175 Neighborhood support teams.

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

   Coordinating agency. The term “coordinating agency” means the agency designated by the mayor to coordinate and oversee implementation of the requirements of this section.

   Geographic area. The term “geographic area” means an area no larger than a community district.

   Quality of life condition. The term “quality of life condition” means a condition that has an adverse effect on the quality of life for residents and visitors in a geographic area, including but not limited to a condition involving sanitation, transportation, social services, public health, or public safety, as determined by the coordinating agency.

  1. Commencing September 1, 2016, and on or before September 1 annually thereafter, the coordinating agency shall review requests from council members, community boards, business improvement districts, and any other sources as determined by the coordinating agency, and develop a priority list of no less than three geographic areas that the coordinating agency deems would benefit from inter-agency collaboration to address and improve quality of life conditions in such areas. The coordinating agency shall create and execute plans in coordination with the appropriate agencies to address the quality of life conditions in such geographic areas, which shall include but not be limited to visits to such areas and community meetings, provided that such plans in no way restrict any power or authority granted by law to a city agency or officer or employee of any city agency. On March 1, 2017, and annually thereafter, the coordinating agency shall report to the council and make publicly available online a written description of the implementation of such plans.

§ 10-176 Direct telephone access to emergency services.

  1. As used in this section:

   Administering agency. The term “administering agency” means the offices or agencies designated by the mayor, pursuant to subdivision g of this section, to administer and enforce the provisions of this section.

   Covered business. The term “covered business” means any sole proprietorship, partnership, association, joint venture, corporation or other form of business organization which opens its facilities to the general public for the sale and purchase of goods or services.

   Multi-line telephone system. The term “multi-line telephone system” means a system accessible to the general public comprised of common control units, telephone sets, control hardware and software and adjunct systems which enables users to make and receive telephone calls using shared resources such as telephone network trunks or data link bandwidth. The term “multi-line telephone system” includes, but is not limited to, (i) network-based and premises-based systems, such as centrex services, (ii) premises-based, hosted and cloud-based voice over internet protocols, (iii) private branch exchanges, (iv) key telephone systems, and (v) hybrid key telephone systems.

  1. Each multi-line telephone system installed for operation by a covered business or the city on or after the effective date of the local law that added this section shall be configured to allow a person initiating a 911 call on such system to directly access 911 service by dialing the digits 911 without any additional code, digit, prefix, postfix or trunk-access code.
  2. By May 1, 2019, each existing multi-line telephone system operated by a covered business or the city shall be configured to allow a person initiating a 911 call on such system to directly access 911 service by dialing the digits 911 without any additional code, digit, prefix, postfix or trunk-access code.
  3. Each (i) multi-line telephone system installed for operation by a covered business or the city on or after the effective date of the local law that added this section, and (ii) by May 1, 2019, each existing multi-line telephone system operated by a covered business or the city shall be configured to provide, to a centralized location on such system, notification of any 911 call made on such system.
  4. Prior to configuration or in the course of investigation under subdivision f of this section, a covered business or the city may schedule and conduct a test call for their multi-line telephone system to ensure such system can directly access 911 service by dialing the digits 911 without any additional code, digit, prefix, postfix or trunk-access code. Any such test call must be scheduled with and conducted in conjunction with the police department.
    1. Upon receipt of a complaint alleging that a covered business has failed to comply with this section or rules promulgated thereunder, the administering agency shall investigate such allegation.

   2. Upon substantiating such allegation, such agency shall issue a notice of violation, in a form and manner established by such agency, to such covered business. In addition to any other information prescribed by such agency, such notice shall state that, if within 30 days after issuance of such notice, the condition giving rise to such violation is corrected and such covered business files with such agency, in a form and manner established by such agency, a certification that such condition has been corrected, then such covered business shall not be subject to a civil penalty for such violation.

   3. If such covered business fails to correct such condition within 30 days after issuance of such notice or fails to file with the administering agency a certification in accordance with paragraph 2 of this subdivision, such covered business shall be subject to a civil penalty of not less than $250 for the first violation and not less than $500 for each subsequent violation, provided that:

      (a) Such covered business shall not be subject to a civil penalty for such violation if (i) such covered business establishes that the requirements of such subdivision would be unduly and unreasonably costly for such covered business to comply with and (ii) such covered business identifies the manufacturer and model number of the multi-line telephone system that needs to be reprogrammed or replaced and establishes that such covered business made a good faith attempt to reprogram or replace the system; and

      (b) No covered business shall be subject to more than one violation for the same multi-line telephone system in any 10-day period.

   4. The administering agency may recover such penalties in an action in any court of appropriate jurisdiction or in a proceeding before an authorized tribunal of the office of administrative trials and hearings.

  1. The mayor shall, in writing, designate one or more offices or agencies to administer and enforce the provisions of this section and may, from time to time at the mayor’s discretion, change such designation. Within 10 days after such designation or change thereof, a copy of such designation or change thereof shall be published on the city’s website and on the website of each such office or agency, and shall be electronically submitted to the speaker of the council.

§ 10-177 Security measures at certain eating or drinking establishments.

  1. Definitions. For the purposes of this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

   Security guard. The term “security guard” means a person as defined by subdivision 6 of section 89-f of the general business law.

   Security guard company. The term “security guard company” means a company licensed to provide security guards under contract to other entities pursuant to article 7 of the general business law.

  1. Digital video surveillance cameras. a. The owner of an eating or drinking establishment that (i) operates pursuant to a permitted use under use group 12, section 32-21 of the zoning resolution, as indicated in such establishment’s certificate of occupancy or place of assembly certificate of operation; and (ii) is required to have a license to sell liquor at retail pursuant to the alcohol beverage control law, shall equip all entrances and exits used by patrons with digital video surveillance cameras that comply with the following provisions:

   1. The video surveillance cameras shall be digital in nature and shall be of sufficient number, type, placement and location to view and record all activity in front of and within 15 feet of either side of each entrance or exit;

   2. The video surveillance cameras shall be sufficiently light sensitive and provide sufficient image resolution (supported by additional lighting if necessary) to produce easily discernible images recorded at all times;

   3. The video surveillance cameras shall record at a minimum speed of fifteen frames per second;

   4. The video surveillance camera images shall be capable of being viewed through use of appropriate technology, including but not limited to a computer screen or closed circuit television monitor;

   5. The video surveillance camera or the system affiliated with such camera shall be capable of transferring the recorded images to a portable form of media, including but not limited to compact disc, digital video disc, universal serial bus, secure digital card or portable hard drive;

   6. The video surveillance cameras shall not have an audio capability;

   7. The video surveillance cameras shall be maintained in good working condition;

   8. The video surveillance cameras shall be in operation and recording continuously during all hours of operation and for two hours after such establishment closes;

   9. The recordings made by video surveillance cameras installed and maintained pursuant to this section shall be indexed by dates and times and preserved for a minimum of 30 days so that they may be made available to the police department and other government agencies acting in furtherance of a criminal investigation or a civil or administrative law enforcement purpose;

   10. All recordings made by video surveillance cameras installed and maintained pursuant to this section while in the possession of such establishment shall be stored in a locked receptacle located in a controlled access area or, if such video recordings are in digital format, in a password-protected digital storage, to which only authorized personnel have access, or shall otherwise be secured so that only authorized personnel may access such video recordings. All personnel authorized to access such video recordings must certify in writing that they have been informed on the appropriate use and retention of recordings as set forth in this section, and on the legal issues associated with video surveillance and the use and retention of recordings. Such establishment shall keep a log of all instances of requests for, access to, dissemination and use of, recorded materials made by video surveillance cameras installed and maintained pursuant to this section; and

   11. Signage shall be posted to notify the public of the use of video surveillance equipment so that the public has sufficient warning that surveillance is in operation.

  1. Security guards.

   1. An eating or drinking establishment that (i) operates pursuant to a permitted use under use group 12, section 32-21 of the zoning resolution, as indicated in such establishment’s certificate of occupancy or place of assembly certificate of operation; (ii) is required to have a license to sell liquor at retail pursuant to the alcohol beverage control law; and (iii) employs or retains the services of one or more security guards or a security guard company, shall maintain and make available during all hours of operation, proof that each such security guard is registered pursuant to article 7-A of the general business law or that such security guard company is licensed pursuant to article 7 of the general business law.

   2. Such establishment shall maintain a roster of all security guards working at any given time when such establishment is open to the public, and shall require each security guard to maintain on his or her person proof of registration at all times when on the premises.

   3. There shall be a rebuttable presumption that a person employed or whose services are retained at such establishment whose job functions include (i) the monitoring or guarding of the entrance or exit of such nightclub to manage ingress and egress to such establishment for security purposes during the hours of operation of such establishment and/or (ii) protection of such establishment from disorderly or other unlawful conduct by such patrons is a security guard, provided, however, that such rebuttable presumption shall not apply to the owner of such establishment.

   4. Any violation of this subdivision may be reported to the state liquor authority.

  1. Exemptions. This section does not apply to:

   1. Premises owned, occupied and used exclusively by a membership corporation, club, society or association, provided such membership corporation, club, society or association was in actual existence prior to January 1, 1926.

   2. Premises owned, occupied and used exclusively by a religious, charitable, eleemosynary or educational corporation or institution.

   3. Premises licensed pursuant to subchapters one and three of chapter two of title 20.

  1. An eating or drinking establishment that is required to comply with subdivisions b and c of this section shall make available to the police department, upon request, such establishment’s certificate of occupancy or place of assembly certificate of operation.
  2. Penalties. Any violation of this section shall be subject to a civil penalty of not more than $1,000 for each such violation, except that the use or dissemination of recordings made by video surveillance cameras installed and maintained pursuant to subdivision b of this section in violation of the penal law or section 50 of the civil rights law shall result in a civil penalty of not less than $5,000 nor more than $50,000.

§ 10-178 Immigration enforcement.

  1. Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

   City property. The term “city property” means any real property leased or owned by the city that serves a city governmental purpose and over which the city has operational control.

   Immigration enforcement. The term “immigration enforcement” means the enforcement of any civil provision of the immigration and nationality act and any provision of such law that penalizes a person’s presence in, entry into, or reentry into the United States.

  1. No agency shall subject its officers or employees to the direction and supervision of the secretary of homeland security primarily in furtherance of immigration enforcement.
  2. No city resources, including, but not limited to, time spent by employees, officers, contractors, or subcontractors while on duty, or the use of city property, shall be utilized for immigration enforcement.
  3. Whenever any city officer or employee receives a request from a non-local law enforcement agency for the city to provide support or assistance intended to further immigration enforcement, such officer or employee’s agency shall make a record relating to such request, including any response or actions taken in response. An office of the mayor, or an agency the head of which is appointed by the mayor, shall be designated by the mayor to submit to the speaker of the council a quarterly report containing an anonymized compilation or summary of such requests and actions taken in response, disaggregated by the requesting non-local law enforcement agency and the agency receiving such a request; provided, however, disclosure of any such information shall not be required if: (i) such disclosure would interfere with law enforcement investigations or (ii) such disclosure is related to actions taken pursuant to clause (i) of subdivision e of this section and would compromise public safety. Such report shall not be required to include information contained in reports required pursuant to section 9-131, 9-205, or 14-154.
  4. Nothing in this section shall prohibit city officers and employees from performing their duties in accordance with state and local law by, including, but not limited to: (i) participating in cooperative arrangements with city, state, or federal law enforcement agencies that are not primarily intended to further immigration enforcement or utilizing city resources in connection with such cooperative arrangements and (ii) taking actions consistent with sections 9-205, 9-131, and 14-154. In addition, nothing in this section shall prevent any city officer or employee from complying with federal law or restrict their discretion to take any action if such restriction is prohibited by federal law.

§ 10-179 Disorderly behavior.

  1. Prohibition. A person is guilty of disorderly behavior when, with intent to cause public inconvenience, annoyance or alarm, or recklessly or with criminal negligence creating a risk thereof, such person:

   1. Engages in fighting or in violent, tumultuous or threatening behavior;

   2. Makes unreasonable noise;

   3. In a public place, uses abusive or obscene language, or makes an obscene gesture;

   4. Without lawful authority, disturbs any lawful assembly or meeting of persons;

   5. Obstructs vehicular or pedestrian traffic;

   6. Congregates with other persons in a public place and refuses to comply with a lawful order of the police to disperse; or

   7. Creates a hazardous or physically offensive condition by any act which serves no legitimate purpose.

  1. Criminal penalty. The violation of subdivision a of this section constitutes an offense punishable by imprisonment of up to 5 days or a fine of up to 200 dollars.
  2. Civil penalty. Any person who violates subdivision a of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of up to 75 dollars, which may be recoverable in a proceeding before the office of administrative trials and hearings, pursuant to chapter 45-A of the charter.

§ 10-180 Unlawful disclosure of an intimate image.

  1. Definitions. As used in this section, the following terms have the following meanings:

   Consent. The term “consent” means permission that is knowingly, intelligently and voluntarily given for the particular disclosure at issue.

   Covered recipient. The term “covered recipient” means an individual who gains possession of, or access to, an intimate image from a depicted individual, including through the recording of the intimate image.

   Depicted individual. The term “depicted individual” means an individual depicted in a photograph, film, videotape, recording or any other reproduction of an image that portrays such individual (i) with fully or partially exposed intimate body parts, (ii) with another individual whose intimate body parts are exposed, as recorded immediately before or after the occurrence of sexual activity between those individuals, or (iii) engaged in sexual activity.

   Disclose. The term “disclose” means to disseminate as defined in subdivision 5 of section 250.40 of the penal law, or to publish as defined in subdivision 6 of section 250.40 of the penal law.

   Intimate body parts. The term “intimate body parts” means the genitals, pubic area or anus of any person, or the female nipple or areola of a person who is 11 years old or older.

   Intimate image. The term “intimate image” means a photograph, film, videotape, recording or any other reproduction of an image of a depicted individual that has been disclosed or threatened to be disclosed in a manner in which, or to a person or audience to whom, the depicted individual intended it would not be disclosed, at the time at which the covered recipient gained possession of, or access to, the intimate image. An intimate image does not include any image taken in a public place as defined in section 240.00 of the penal law, except if, at the time the image was recorded, an individual in the depicted individual’s position would reasonably have believed that no one other than the covered recipient could view the applicable intimate body parts or sexual activity while such body parts were exposed or such activity was occurring.

   Sexual activity. The term “sexual activity” means sexual intercourse as defined in subdivision 1 of section 130.00 of the penal law, oral sexual conduct or anal sexual conduct as those terms are defined in subdivision 2 of section 130.00 of the penal law, touching of the sexual or other intimate parts of a person for the purpose of gratifying sexual desire, sexual penetration with any object or the transmission or appearance of semen upon any part of the depicted individual’s body.

  1. Unlawful disclosure of an intimate image.

   1. It is unlawful for a covered recipient to disclose an intimate image, without the depicted individual’s consent, with the intent to cause economic, physical or substantial emotional harm to such depicted individual, where such depicted individual is or would be identifiable to another individual either from the intimate image or from the circumstances under which such image is disclosed.

   2. It is unlawful for a covered recipient to make a threat to violate paragraph 1 of this subdivision, provided that for the purposes of this paragraph a depicted individual shall be considered to be identifiable where the covered recipient states or implies that such person would be so identifiable.

  1. Criminal penalty. Any individual who violates subdivision b of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by up to one year in jail, or a fine of up to $1,000, or both.
  2. Civil cause of action.

   1. Any individual who suffers harm from a violation of subdivision b of this section shall have a civil cause of action in any court of competent jurisdiction against the individual who violated that subdivision.

   2. The defendant may be held liable to the plaintiff for any or all of the following relief:

      (a) Compensatory and punitive damages;

      (b) Injunctive and declaratory relief;

      (c) Attorneys’ fees and costs; and

      (d) Such other relief as a court may deem appropriate.

   3. This subdivision shall not be construed to require that a criminal charge be brought, or a criminal conviction be obtained, as a condition of bringing a civil action or receiving a civil judgment pursuant to this subdivision.

  1. Provisos. The prohibitions contained in subdivision b do not apply if:

   1. Such disclosure or threat of disclosure is made in the course of reporting unlawful activity, in the course of a legal proceeding or by law enforcement personnel in the conduct of their authorized duties;

   2. Such disclosure is made by a provider of an interactive computer service, as defined in paragraph (2) of subsection (f) of section 230 of title 47 of the United States code, with regard to content provided by another information content provider, as defined in paragraph (3) of such subsection; or

   3. Such disclosure or threat of disclosure is made in relation to a matter of legitimate public concern or is otherwise protected by the first amendment of the United States constitution.

§ 10-181 Unlawful methods of restraint.

  1. Unlawful methods of restraint. No person shall restrain an individual in a manner that restricts the flow of air or blood by compressing the windpipe or the carotid arteries on each side of the neck, or sitting, kneeling, or standing on the chest or back in a manner that compresses the diaphragm, in the course of effecting or attempting to effect an arrest.
  2. Penalties. Any person who violates subdivision a of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than one year or a fine of not more than $2,500, or both.
  3. Any penalties resulting from a violation of subdivision a of this section shall not limit or preclude any cause of action available to any person or entity injured or aggrieved by such violation.

Chapter 2: Unlawful Sale or Possession of Controlled Substances

§ 10-201 Unlawful possession of controlled substances.

No person shall unlawfully posses or sell any controlled substance the possession or sale of which would constitute a felony pursuant to articles two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law.

§ 10-202 Civil Action.

  1. Any person who has been convicted of the possession or sale of a controlled substance in an amount which constitutes a felony pursuant to articles two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law shall be liable to the city for a civil penalty in the amount of not less than ten thousand dollars nor more than one hundred thousand dollars for each count of an indictment for unlawful possession or sale which has resulted in a conviction under the penal law.
  2. The corporation counsel, upon notification by an appropriate law enforcement agency that there is reason to believe that a person who has been convicted of an offense under articles two hundred twenty or two hundred twenty-one of the penal law has substantial assets and that there is a significant likelihood that a civil judgment obtained pursuant to this section shall be capable of satisfaction, may commence a civil action under this section.
  3. In any civil action brought pursuant to this section, the city may recover, in addition to the amount set forth in subdivision a, the costs of the investigation and prosecution of the person in the criminal action resulting in conviction pursuant to articles two hundred twenty and two hundred twenty-one of the penal law, and the costs of the civil action, including reasonable attorney’s fees.

§ 10-203 Unlawful manufacture, distribution or sale of a synthetic cannabinoid or synthetic phenethylamine.

  1. No person or entity shall knowingly manufacture, sell, offer for sale, display for sale, distribute for sale, or possess with intent to sell:

   1. any synthetic cannabinoid or synthetic phenethylamine, as such terms are defined by part 9 of title 10 of the New York codes, rules and regulations as of the date of the violation, or as included in schedule I of the federal drug enforcement administration schedules of controlled substances, as listed in 21 CFR § 1308.11, or successor regulation, as of the date of the violation, or any cannabimimetic agent, as defined in 21 U.S.C. § 812, as of the date of the violation; or

   2. any analogue of a synthetic cannabinoid, synthetic phenethylamine or cannabimimetic agent. For the purposes of this paragraph, “analogue of a synthetic cannabinoid, synthetic phenethylamines or cannabimimetic agent” means a substance that has a chemical structure that is substantially similar to the chemical structure of a substance described in paragraph 1 of this subdivision and has a stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system that is substantially similar to or greater than the stimulant, depressant, or hallucinogenic effect on the central nervous system of such a substance described in paragraph 1 of this subdivision; or

   3. any substance commonly known as synthetic marijuana, K-2 or bath salts, including but not limited to a substance so identified as an embargoed product by order of the commissioner of the department of health and mental hygiene, that is represented as being intended for human consumption. Evidence of representations that a substance commonly known as synthetic marijuana, K-2 or bath salts is intended for human consumption may include, but is not limited to, oral, visual or written representations by the manufacturer, distributor or seller about the substance with regard to its nature, use or effect; or

   4. any purported synthetic drug. In any proceeding commenced in connection with an alleged violation of this paragraph, it shall be necessary to prove that the purported synthetic drug was represented to be a substance described in paragraph 1, 2 or 3 of this subdivision; provided, however, that it shall not be a defense to prosecution under this section that the accused believed the purported synthetic drug to be such a substance. For the purposes of this subdivision, the term “purported synthetic drug” means a substance that, by dosage unit appearance, including color, shape and size, and by a representation, is represented to be a substance described in paragraph 1, 2 or 3 of this subdivision. Evidence of such a representation may include, but is not limited to, oral, visual or written representations by the manufacturer, distributor or seller about the substance with regard to:

      (a) its price, nature, use or effect as a substance described in paragraph 1, 2 or 3 of this subdivision; or

      (b) its packaging in a manner normally used for substances described in paragraph 1, 2 or 3 of this subdivision.

  1. Possession of ten or more packets, individual containers or other separate units of a substance described in subdivision a of this section is presumptive evidence that the possessing person or entity is distributing such substance for sale or possesses such substances with intent to sell.
  2. Any person or entity that violates subdivision a of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than $5,000 or imprisonment of up to one year, or both.
  3. In addition to the penalties prescribed in subdivision c of this section, any person or entity that violates subdivision a of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than $1,000 and not more than $10,000 recoverable in a proceeding before any tribunal established within the office of administrative trials and hearings or within any agency of the city of New York designated to conduct such proceedings, provided that upon the first such violation, and any other such violations by the same person or entity on the same day as such first violation, such person or entity shall be liable for a civil penalty of not less than $500 and not more than $5,000 if such violation is not in conjunction with the commission of any crime other than possession, manufacture, distribution or sale of any synthetic cannabinoid, synthetic phenethylamine, or other substance described in subdivision a of this section. The manufacture, distribution, sale, offer for sale, display for sale, or possession with intent to sell of each packet, individual container or other separate unit of substance described in subdivision a of this section shall constitute a separate violation under this subdivision, with a maximum civil liability of $50,000 for violations in a day for a single person or entity under this subdivision.
  4. Any police officer, or sheriff, undersheriff, or deputy sheriff of the city of New York, or any peace officer acting pursuant to his or her special duties may enforce the provisions of this section. A proceeding to recover any civil penalty authorized pursuant to subdivision d of this section shall be commenced by the service of a notice of violation returnable to any tribunal established within the office of administrative trials and hearings or within any agency of the city of New York designated to conduct such proceedings. The notice of violation or copy thereof when filled in and served shall constitute notice of the violation charged.
  5. Whenever a police officer, or sheriff, undersheriff, or deputy sheriff of the city of New York, or any peace officer acting pursuant to his or her special duties, discovers any substance described in subdivision a being possessed in a manner that violates such subdivision, such officer is authorized and empowered to seize and take possession of such substance, which shall be destroyed or used either for law enforcement purposes or for evidentiary purposes in connection with any enforcement proceeding conducted pursuant to this section.
  6. In any proceeding commenced pursuant to this section, it shall be no defense that the substance’s packaging or other representation states or indicates that the substance is not intended for human consumption.
  7. Any person who engages in business as a retail dealer pursuant to section 20-202 of the code shall be subject to:

   1. a mandatory suspension of his or her retail dealer license for a period of thirty days for a violation of this section; or

   2. a mandatory revocation of his or her retail dealer license, or of any subsequent license holder, for a second or subsequent violation of this section occurring on a different day at the same place of business within a three-year period, unless the subsequent license holder provides the commissioner of the agency that has commenced the proceeding to recover a civil penalty pursuant to subdivision d of this section with adequate documentation demonstrating that such subsequent license holder acquired the premises or business through an arm’s length transaction, as defined in paragraph 5 of subdivision d of section 20-202 of the code, and that the sale or lease was not conducted, in whole or in part, for the purpose of permitting the original licensee to avoid the effect of violations on the premises.

Chapter 4: Actions By Victims of Violent Crime

§ 10-401 Short title.

This local law shall be known as the “Victims of Violent Crime Protection Act”.

§ 10-402 Definition.

For purposes of this chapter:

  1. “Crime of violence” means an act or series of acts that would constitute a misdemeanor or felony against the person as defined in state or federal law or that would constitute a misdemeanor or felony against property as defined in state or federal law if the conduct presents a serious risk of physical injury to another, whether or not those acts have actually resulted in criminal charges, prosecution, or conviction.

§ 10-403 Civil cause of action.

Except as otherwise provided by law, any person claiming to be injured by an individual who commits a crime of violence as defined in section 10-402 of this chapter, shall have a cause of action against such individual in any court of competent jurisdiction for any or all of the following relief:

  1. compensatory and punitive damages;
  2. injunctive and declaratory relief;
  3. attorneys’ fees and costs;
  4. such other relief as a court may deem appropriate.

§ 10-404 Limitations.

  1. A civil action under this chapter must be commenced within six years after the alleged crime of violence as defined in section 10-402 of this chapter occurred. If, however, due to injury or disability resulting from an act or acts giving rise to a cause of action under this chapter, or due to infancy as defined in the civil procedure law and rules, a person entitled to commence an action under this chapter is unable to do so at the time such cause of action accrues, then the time within which the action must be commenced shall be extended to six years after the inability to commence the action ceases.
  2. Nothing in this section requires a prior criminal complaint, prosecution or conviction to establish the elements of a cause of action under this chapter.

§ 10-405 Burden of proof.

Conviction of a crime arising out of the same transaction, occurrence or event giving rise to a cause of action under this chapter shall be considered conclusive proof of the underlying facts of that crime for purposes of an action brought under this chapter. That such crime was a crime of violence must be proved by preponderance of the evidence.

§ 10-406 Severability.

If any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or other portion of this local law is, for any reason, declared unconstitutional or invalid, in whole or in part, by any court of competent jurisdiction such portion shall be deemed severable, and such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this law, which remaining portions shall continue in full force and effect.

Chapter 3: Firearms

§ 10-301 Control and regulation of the disposition, purchase and possession of firearms, rifles, shotguns and assault weapons.

Definitions. Whenever used in this chapter the following terms shall mean and include:

  1. “Firearm.”

   (a) Any pistol or revolver;

   (b) a shotgun having one or more barrels less than eighteen inches in length; or

   (c) a rifle having one or more barrels less than sixteen inches in length; or

   (d) any weapon made from a shotgun or rifle whether by alteration, modification, or otherwise if such weapon as altered, modified, or otherwise has an overall length of less than twenty-six inches. For the purpose of this subdivision the length of the barrel on a shotgun or rifle shall be determined by measuring the distance between the muzzle and the face of the bolt, breech, or breechlock when closed and when the shotgun or rifle is cocked; the overall length of a weapon made from a shotgun or rifle is the distance between the extreme ends of the weapon measured along a line parallel to the center line of the bore. Firearm does not include an antique firearm. The provisions of this chapter relating to firearms shall not apply to assault weapons except as specifically provided.

  1. “Rifle.” A weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder, and, even if not designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder, is not a firearm as defined in subdivision one of this section, and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed metallic cartridge to fire only a single projectile through a rifled bore for each pull of the trigger. The provisions of this chapter relting to rifles shall not apply to assault weapons except as specifically provided.
  2. “Shotgun.” A weapon designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder, and, even if not designed or redesigned, made or remade, and intended to be fired from the shoulder, is not a firearm as defined in subdivision one of this section, and designed or redesigned and made or remade to use the energy of the explosive in a fixed shotgun shell, to fire through a smooth bore either a number of ball shot or a single projectile for each single pull of the trigger. The provisions of this chapter relating to shotguns shall not apply to assault weapons except as specifically provided.
  3. “Gunsmith.” Any person, firm, partnership, corporation, or company who engages in the business of repairing, altering, assembling, manufacturing, cleaning, polishing, engraving, or trueing, or who in the course of such business performs any mechanical operation on any rifle, shotgun, firearm, assault weapon or machine gun.
  4. “Dealer in firearms.” Any person, firm, partnership, corporation or company who engages in the business of purchasing, selling, keeping for sale, loaning, leasing, or in any manner disposing of any pistol or revolver or other firearms which may be concealed upon the person. Dealer in firearms shall not include a wholesale dealer.
  5. “Dealer in rifles and shotguns.” Any person, firm, partnership, corporation or company who engages in the business of purchasing, selling, keeping for sale, loaning, leasing, or in any manner disposing of any rifle, or shotgun. Dealer in rifles and shotguns shall not include a wholesale dealer.
  6. “Ammunition.” Explosives suitable to be fired from a firearm, machine gun, pistol, revolver, rifle, shotgun, assault weapon or other dangerous weapon.
  7. “Dispose of.” To dispose of, give away, give, lease, loan, keep for sale, offer, offer for sale, sell, transfer and otherwise dispose of.
  8. “Deface.” To remove, deface, cover, alter, or destroy the manufacturer’s serial number or any other distinguishing number or identification mark.
  9. “Commissioner.” The police commissioner of the city of New York or the commissioner’s designee.
  10. “Permit.” The permit for purchase and possession of rifles and shotguns issued by the commissioner.
  11. “Certificate.” The certificate of registration for possession of rifles and shotguns.
  12. “Serious offense.” A serious offense as defined in subdivision seventeen of section 265.00 of the penal law.
  13. “Business enterprise.” Any proprietorship, company, partnership, corporation, association, cooperative, nonprofit organization or other entity engaged or seeking to engage in the activities regulated pursuant to section 10-302 of this chapter.
  14. “Semiautomatic.” Any firearm, rifle or shotgun that uses part of the energy of a fired cartridge to expel the case of the fired cartridge and load another cartridge into the firing chamber, and which requires a separate pull of the trigger to fire each cartridge.
  15. “Assault weapon.”

   (a) Any semiautomatic centerfire or rimfire rifle or semiautomatic shotgun which has one or more of the following features:

      1. folding or telescoping stock or no stock;

      2. pistol grip that protrudes conspicuously beneath the action of the weapon;

      3. bayonet mount;

      4. flash suppressor or threaded barrel designed to accommodate a flash suppressor;

      5. barrel shroud;

      6. grenade launcher; or

      7. modifications of such features, or other features, determined by rule of the commissioner to be particularly suitable for military and not sporting purposes. In addition, the commissioner shall, by rule, designate specific semiautomatic centerfire or rimfire rifles or semiautomatic shotguns, identified by make, model and/or manufacturer’s name, as within the definition of assault weapon, if the commissioner determines that such weapons are particularly suitable for military and not sporting purposes. The commissioner shall inspect such specific designated semiautomatic centerfire or rimfire rifles or semiautomatic shotguns at least three times per year, and shall revise or update such designations as he or she deems appropriate.

   (b) Any shotgun with a revolving-cylinder magazine.

   (c) Any part, or combination of parts, designed or redesigned or intended to readily convert a rifle or shotgun into an assault weapon.

   (d) “Assault weapon” shall not include any rifle or shotgun modified to render it permanently inoperative.

  1. “Ammunition feeding device.” Magazines, belts, feedstrips, drums or clips capable of being attached to or utilized with firearms, rifles, shotguns or assault weapons.
  2. “Antique firearm.” Any unloaded muzzle loading pistol or revolver with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or similar type of ignition system, or a pistol or revolver which uses fixed cartridges which are no longer available in the ordinary channels of commercial trade.
  3. “Special theatrical dealer.” Any person, firm, partnership, corporation or company who possesses assault weapons exclusively for the purpose of leasing such assault weapons to special theatrical permittees within the city and for theatrical purposes outside the city.
  4. “Acquire.” To gain possession of or title to a weapon through purchase, gift, lease, loan, or otherwise.
  5. “Frame or receiver.” Part of a firearm, rifle, shotgun or assault weapon that provides housing for the hammer, bolt or breechblock, and firing mechanism, and that is usually threaded at its forward portion to receive the barrel.
  6. “Unfinished frame or receiver.” A piece of any material that does not constitute the frame or receiver of a firearm, rifle, shotgun or assault weapon but that has been shaped or formed in any way for the purpose of becoming the frame or receiver of a firearm, rifle, shotgun or assault weapon with modification by the user and that is not engraved with a serial number that meets or exceeds requirements pursuant to subsection (i) of section 923 of title 18 of the United States code and regulations issued pursuant thereto.

§ 10-302 Licensing of gunsmiths, of wholesale manufacturers of firearms, or assemblers of firearms, dealers in firearms, dealers in rifles and shotguns, and special theatrical dealers.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person or business enterprise to engage in the business of gunsmith, wholesale manufacturer of firearms, assembler of firearms, dealer in firearms, dealer in rifles and shotguns, or special theatrical dealer, unless such person, or business enterprise, has obtained a license to engage in such business in the manner prescribed in this section. No person shall engage in the business of dealer in rifles and shotguns or special theatrical dealer unless he or she has been issued a permit for the possession of shotguns and rifles pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. No person or business enterprise shall be eligible to apply for or to hold a license as a special theatrical dealer unless such person or business enterprise (1) possesses both a license as a dealer in firearms and a license as a dealer in rifles and shotguns and (2) has possessed such licenses and engaged in such businesses for at least one year.
  2. No license shall be issued or renewed pursuant to this section except by the police commissioner, and then only after investigation and finding that all statements in a proper application for a license or renewal are true. No license shall be issued or renewed except for any applicant:

   (1) of good moral character;

   (2) who has not been convicted anywhere of a felony or of any serious offense;

   (3) who has stated whether he or she has ever suffered any mental illness or been confined to any hospital or institution, public or private, for mental illness and who is free from any mental disorder, defects or diseases that would impair the ability safely to possess or use a firearm, rifle or shotgun;

   (4) who has not been convicted of violating section 10-303.1 of this chapter; and

   (5) concerning whom no good cause exists for the denial of a license.

    1. An applicant to engage in such business shall also be a citizen of the United States, more than twenty-one years of age and maintain a place of business in the city.

   (2) Each applicant to engage in such business shall comply with all the requirements set forth in this section. If the applicant is a partnership, each partner thereof shall comply with all the requirements set forth in this section and if the applicant is a corporation, each officer thereof shall so comply.

   (3) No applicant for a special theatrical dealer’s license or renewal thereof shall be issued such license or renewal unless the applicant submits proof, in such form as the commissioner may require, that at least ten percent of the gross income earned by the applicant as a dealer in firearms, dealer in rifles and shotguns and, in the case of an application for renewal, special theatrical dealer, in the year preceding the application for such license or renewal, was earned from the lease for theatrical purposes of such ammunition feeding devices, firearms, rifles, shotguns or assault weapons as the applicant was authorized to lease. No applicant for a special theatrical dealer’s license or renewal thereof shall be issued such license or renewal unless the gross income earned by the applicant as a dealer in firearms, dealer in rifles and shotguns and, in the case of an application for renewal, special theatrical dealer, in the year preceding the application for such license or renewal, exceeded fifty thousand dollars.

  1. An application for a license or renewal thereof shall be made to the police commissioner. An application shall include the full name, date of birth, residence, present occupation of each person or individual signing the same, whether he or she is a citizen of the United States, whether he or she complies with each requirement for eligibility specified in subdivision b of this section and such other facts as may be required to show the good character, competency and integrity of each person or individual signing the application. An application shall be signed and affirmed by the applicant. Each individual signing an application shall submit one photograph of himself or herself and a duplicate for each required copy of the application. Such photographs shall have been taken within thirty days prior to filing the application. The photographs submitted shall be two inches square, and the application shall also state the previous occupation of each individual signing the same and the location of the place of such business, or of the bureau, agency, subagency, office or branch office for which the license is sought, indicating the street and number and otherwise giving such apt description as to point out reasonably the location thereof. In such case, if the applicant is a business eenterprise, its name, date and place of formation, and principal place of business shall be stated. For a partnership, the application shall be signed and affirmed by each partner, and for a corporation, by each officer thereof. With respect to an application for a license as a dealer in rifles and shotguns or as a special theatrical dealer, a written statement shall be submitted by the individual applicant, or in the case of a business enterprise a responsible officer or agent thereof, stating (a) the identification number of the shotgun and rifle permit issued to the individual applicant or the responsible officer or agent in the case of a business enterprise, (b) the address of a regular place of business maintained by the applicant, (c) that since the issuance of the rifle and shotgun permit the individual applicant or responsible officer or agent has not become disqualified for issuance of such a permit, (d) that he or she undertakes to supervise the acts of his or her, or in the case of a business enterprise, its employees, (e) that the applicant has not previously been refused a license as a dealer in shotguns and rifles or as a special theatrical dealer and that no such license issued to the applicant has ever been revoked.
  2. Before a license is issued or renewed, there shall be an investigation of all statements required in the application by the police department. For that purpose, the records of the department of mental hygiene concerning previous or present mental illness of the applicant shall be available for inspection by the investigating officer of the police department. In order to ascertain any previous criminal record, the investigating officer shall take the fingerprints and physical descriptive data in quadruplicate of each individual by whom the application is signed. Two copies of such fingerprints shall be taken on standard fingerprint cards eight inches square, and one copy may be taken on a card supplied for that purpose by the federal bureau of investigation. When completed, one standard card shall be promptly submitted to the division of criminal justice services where it shall be appropriately processed. A second standard card, or the one supplied by the federal bureau of investigation, as the case may be, shall be forwarded to that bureau at Washington with a request that the files of the bureau be searched and notification of the results of the search be made to the police department. The failure or refusal of the federal bureau of investigation to make the fingerprint check provided for in this section shall not constitute the sole basis for refusal to issue a license pursuant to the provisions of this section. Of the remaining two fingerprint cards, one shall be filed with the executive department, division of state police, Albany, within ten days after issuance of the license, and the other remain on file with the police department. No such fingerprints may be inspected by any person other than a peace officer, when acting pursuant to his or her special duties, or a police officer except on order of a judge or justice of a court of record either upon notice to the licensee or without notice, as the judge or justice may deem appropriate. Upon completion of the investigation, the police department shall report the results to the commissioner without unnecessary delay.
  3. Applications shall indicate and licenses shall be issued for a gunsmith, a wholesale manufacturer of firearms, an assembler of firearms, a dealer in firearms, a dealer in rifles and shotguns or a special theatrical dealer.
  4. The application for any license, if granted, shall be a public record. Such application shall be kept on file in the office of the police commissioner and, within ten days after the issuance of a license, a duplicate copy shall be filed in the executive department, division of state police, Albany.
  5. No license shall be transferable to any other person or premises. The license shall mention and describe the premises for which it is issued and shall be valid only for such premises.
  6. A license issued pursuant to this section shall be prominently displayed on the licensed premises. Failure of any person or business enterprise to so exhibit or display such license shall be presumptive evidence that the person or business enterprise is not duly licensed.
  7. Any license or renewal issued pursuant to this section shall expire on the first day of the second January following the date of issuance. Any application to renew a license that has not previously expired, been revoked or cancelled shall thereby extend the term of the license until disposition is made of the application by the police commissioner.
  8. The conviction of a licensee anywhere of a felony or a serious offense shall operate as a revocation of the license. Written notice of such revocation shall be forwarded to the executive division of state police in Albany.
  9. The police commissioner, upon evidence of any disqualification set forth in subdivision b of this section, may at any time suspend or revoke and cancel a license issued pursuant to this section. Written notice of such suspension or revocation shall be forwarded to the executive department, division of state police, Albany.
  10. No license shall be issued pursuant to this section unless the applicant therefor possesses and exhibits all licenses required under any federal or state law.
  11. Records.

   (1) Any person licensed under this section shall keep an accurate book record of every transaction involving a firearm, machine gun, rifle, shotgun or assault weapon. Such record shall be kept in the manner prescribed and contain the information required by the police commissioner.

   (2) The records required by this section shall be subject to inspection at all times by members of the police department. Such records shall be maintained on the premises mentioned and described in the license, and preserved for record. In the event of suspension, cancellation or revocation of a license, or discontinuance of business by a licensee, such record shall be immediately surrendered to the police commissioner.

   (3) Any person licensed under this section as a dealer in firearms or special theatrical dealer shall cause a physical inventory to be taken within the first five business days of April and October of each year, which shall include a listing of each firearm by make, caliber and serial number. The original copy of such inventory shall be securely maintained on the premises for which the license was issued. One or more additional copies shall be forwarded to such addresses as the commissioner may direct, by such means as the commissioner may direct.

   (4) With each copy of the inventory required under paragraph three of this subdivision shall be included an affidavit signed by the licensee (or, if the licensee is not a natural person, by an officer, general manager, or other principal of the licensee) stating under penalties of perjury that within the first five business days of that April or October, as the case may be, the signer has personally observed the firearms reported. The affidavit shall also describe the date and contents of any report required to be made pursuant to section 400.10 of the penal law.

   (5) In addition to the penalties specified in section 10-310, any act or omission that constitutes a violation of this subdivision or of rules and regulations issued by the commissioner pursuant thereto shall be grounds for the revocation of a license issued by the commissioner pursuant to this section.

  1. Rules and regulations.

   (1) The police commissioner may make and promulgate such rules and regulations regarding the issuance and renewal of such licenses and the reporting of inventory of firearms, loss of firearms, and theft of firearms and may prescribe such forms as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

   (2) Such rules and regulations shall prescribe reasonable standards and conditions under which firearms, component parts of firearms, rifles, shotguns, assault weapons and ammunition shall be kept at the store or premises of gunsmiths, including store and plant security, employment, record keeping and product quality control for the protection of the public safety, health and welfare. The foregoing enumeration shall not be construed as a limitation of the police commissioner’s authority to promulgate rules and regulations hereunder.

   (3) The violation of such rules and regulations shall be triable by a judge of the criminal court of the city of New York and punishable by not more than thirty days imprisonment or by a fine of not more than fifty dollars, or both.

  1. The annual license fee for a license issued pursuant to this section shall be twenty-five dollars for gunsmiths, wholesale manufacturers and assemblers of firearms, fifty dollars for dealers in firearms, and one hundred fifty dollars for dealers in rifles and shotguns and special theatrical dealers.
  2. Failure to obtain a license, by any person, firm, partnership, corporation or company, as required by the provisions of this section shall be punishable as a class A misdemeanor.
  3. No dealer in rifles and shotguns may dispose of a rifle or shotgun to any person unless such person produces a valid rifle and shotgun permit, or proof of lawful authority as a police or peace officer, or is an exempt person as provided in this chapter.
  4. Any suspension, denial or revocation of a license may be appealed by the applicant or licensee pursuant to procedures established by the police commissioner for administrative review.

§ 10-302.1 Preventing the diversion of firearms, rifles and shotguns to criminals.

  1. No dealer in firearms and no dealer in rifles and shotguns shall: (i) sell or otherwise dispose of more than one firearm or more than one rifle or shotgun to any individual as part of the same sales transaction; or (ii) sell or otherwise dispose of a rifle or shotgun to any individual if the dealer knows or should know that such individual has purchased a rifle or shotgun within the prior ninety days, or (iii) sell or otherwise dispose of a firearm to any individual if the dealer knows or should know that such individual has purchased a firearm within the prior ninety days.
  2. No person shall acquire a firearm if such person has acquired a firearm within the previous ninety days. No person shall acquire a rifle or shotgun if such person has acquired a rifle or shotgun within the previous ninety days. For purposes of this subdivision when a firearm, rifle or shotgun is acquired by a corporation, partnership, or other entity, it shall be considered to have been acquired by each natural person who is an officer, director or other principal of such entity, unless the firearm, rifle or shotgun is acquired on behalf of such entity by a person who is licensed by the commissioner as gun custodian or special gun custodian, or acquired on behalf of an organization possessing an organization registration certificate, as those terms are used in title thirty-eight of the rules of the city of New York.
  3. Before disposing of any firearm, rifle or shotgun to a person licensed by the commissioner to possess firearms, rifles or shotguns, any dealer in firearms, dealer in rifles and shotguns or other person shall contact the police department to ensure compliance with the requirements of this section.
  4. Any dealer in firearms, dealer in rifles and shotguns or other person who disposes of any firearm, rifle or shotgun to a person licensed by an authority other than the commissioner to possess firearms, rifles or shotguns shall make reasonable efforts to contact such licensing authority and to ascertain the most recent date of acquisition by such licensee of a firearm, in the case of disposition of a firearm, or of a rifle or shotgun, in the case of disposition of a rifle or shotgun.
  5. Any dealer in firearms or dealer in rifles or shotguns who disposes of any firearm, rifle or shotgun shall, before or at the time of disposing of such firearm, rifle or shotgun, record, in the record book required to be kept by subdivision n of section 10-302, the efforts made by such dealer to ensure compliance with the requirements of this section, any exception or exemption set forth in this section that such dealer reasonably believes would authorize the disposal of such firearm, rifle or shotgun, and the grounds for such dealer’s belief that such exception or exemption applies.
  6. Exceptions. The provisions of this section shall not apply to the sale of firearms, rifles or shotguns to (i) a police officer, as such term is defined in section 1.20 of the criminal procedure law, (ii) a federal law enforcement officer, as such term is defined in section 2.15 of the criminal procedure law, (iii) a public agency in furtherance of official business, (iv) persons in the military service of the state of New York, when duly authorized by regulations issued by the adjutant general to possess such weapons, (v) persons in the military or other service of the United States, in pursuit of official duty or when duly authorized by federal law, regulation or order to possess such weapons, (vi) persons employed in fulfilling defense contracts with the government of the United States or agencies thereof when possession of such weapons is necessary for manufacture, transport, installation and testing under the requirements of such contract, (vii) peace officers as defined in section 2.10 of the criminal procedure law, provided that such peace officers are authorized pursuant to law or regulation of the state or city of New York to possess a firearm, rifle or shotgun within the city of New York without a license or permit therefor, and are authorized by their employer to possess such firearm, rifle or shotgun, (viii) persons licensed as dealers, manufacturers or importers of firearms pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Chapter 44, (ix) any motion picture, television or video production company or entertainment or theatrical company whose production involves the use of firearms, rifles or shotguns, provided that such weapons shall be properly registered and a special theatrical permit shall have been issued for such weapons pursuant to rules established by the commissioner, (x) with respect to the sale of firearms only, persons licensed by the commissioner as gun custodians or special gun custodians, as those terms are used in title thirty-eight of the rules of the city of New York, and (xi) with respect to the sale of rifles and shotguns only, organizations possessing an organization registration certificate, as that term is used in title thirty-eight of the rules of the city of New York.
  7. Exempt transactions. The requirements of this section shall not apply to:

   (i) any transaction in which a person acquires a firearm, rifle or shotgun by operation of law, or because of the death of another person for whom such person is an executor or administrator of an estate or a trustee of a trust created in a will, provided that within fifteen days such person surrenders such firearm, rifle or shotgun to the commissioner until it can be reacquired without violation of this section or other applicable law. If a firearm, rifle or shotgun is surrendered pursuant to this subdivision but no written request to reacquire it is received by the commissioner within two years of such surrender, the commissioner shall dispose of such firearm in accordance with the provisions of section 400.05 of the penal law;

   (ii) the exchange of a firearm, rifle or shotgun by a dealer in firearms or a dealer in rifles and shotguns for another firearm, rifle or shotgun previously purchased from such dealer by the person requesting such exchange, provided that such exchange takes place within thirty days of such request;

   (iii) the acquisition or disposal of an antique firearm, rifle or shotgun which is incapable of being fired or discharged or which does not fire fixed ammunition, or a firearm, rifle or shotgun manufactured prior to eighteen hundred ninety-four or whose design was patented and whose commercial manufacture commenced prior to eighteen hundred ninety-four and whose manufacture continued after such year without any substantial alteration in design or function, and for which cartridge ammunition is not commercially available and is possessed as a curiosity or ornament or for its historical significance and value;

   (iv) the acquisition or disposal of a firearm at an indoor or outdoor pistol range when such acquisition or disposal begins a period of possession or use of the firearm that is authorized by paragraphs 7-a, 7-b, or 7-e of subdivision a of section 265.20 of the penal law;

   (v) the sale of a firearm by a dealer in firearms to a person whose firearm is stolen or irretrievably lost, provided that:

      (1) such person has complied with any legal requirement to report the loss or theft, including but not limited to the applicable provisions of title thirty-eight of the rules of the city of New York and section 400.10 of the penal law;

      (2) such person provides to such dealer a copy of a police report of the loss or theft or of any report made pursuant to the applicable provisions of title thirty-eight of the rules of the city of New York and section 400.10 of the penal law, which copy the dealer shall attach to the record book required to be kept by subdivision n of section 10-302;

      (3) the copy provided pursuant to subparagraph two of this paragraph contains the name and address of the regulated firearm owner, a description of the regulated firearm, the location of the loss or theft, if known, the date of the loss or theft, if known, and the date when the loss or theft was reported to the law enforcement agency; and

      (4) such person’s attempt to replace the regulated firearm occurs within thirty days of the loss or theft of such firearm, if known, or, if such date is not known, within thirty days of the date when the loss or theft was reported to the law enforcement agency, as reflected by the information recorded on the police report; and

   (vi) any other transaction authorized in advance in writing by the commissioner.

  1. Penalties.

   (i) In addition to the penalties specified in section 10-310, any act or omission that constitutes or would constitute a violation of this section or of rules and regulations issued by the commissioner pursuant thereto shall be grounds for the revocation of a license to deal in firearms, deal in rifles and shotguns, possess firearms, or possess a rifle or shotgun.

   (ii) Any firearm disposed of or acquired in violation of this section shall be a nuisance subject to surrender and forfeiture in accordance with the procedures specified in section 400.05 of the penal law.

  1. The commissioner may make and promulgate such rules and regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. Such rules and regulations may address, but need not be limited to:

   (i) procedures for implementation of this section by the commissioner;

   (ii) establishment of a database of firearm, rifle and shotgun purchases for the purpose of enforcing the requirements of this chapter; and

   (iii) the specification of reasonable efforts required to comply with subdivision d of this section.

§ 10-303 Permits for possession and purchase of rifles and shotguns.

It shall be unlawful to dispose of any rifle or shotgun to any person unless said person is the holder of a permit for possession and purchase of rifles and shotguns; it shall be unlawful for any person to have in his or her possession any rifle or shotgun unless said person is the holder of a permit for the possession and purchase of rifles and shotguns. The disposition of a rifle or shotgun, by any licensed dealer in rifles and shotguns, to any person presenting a valid rifle and shotgun permit issued to such person, shall be conclusive proof of the legality of such disposition by the dealer.

  1. Requirements. No person shall be denied a permit to purchase and possess a rifle or shotgun unless the applicant:

   (1) is under the age of twenty-one; or

   (2) is not of good moral character; or

   (3) has been convicted anywhere of a felony; of a serious offense as defined in §265.00 (17) of the New York State Penal Law; of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence as defined in 18 U.S.C. § 921(a); of a misdemeanor crime of assault as defined in the penal law where the applicant was convicted of such assault within the ten years preceding the submission of the application; or of any three misdemeanors as defined in local, state or federal law, however nothing in this paragraph shall preclude the denial of a permit to an applicant with fewer than three misdemeanor convictions; or

   (4) has not stated whether he or she has ever suffered any mental illness or been confined to any hospital or institution, public or private, for mental illness; or

   (5) is not now free from any mental disorders, defects or diseases that would impair the ability safely to possess or use a rifle or shotgun; or

   (6) has been the subject of a suspension or ineligibility order issue pursuant to §530.14 of the New York State Criminal Procedure Law or §842-a of the New York State Family Court Act; or

   (7) who is subject to a court order that

      (a) was issued after a hearing of which such person received actual notice, and at which such person had the opportunity to participate;

      (b) restrains such person from harassing, stalking, or threatening an intimate partner of such person or child of such intimate partner or person, or engaging in other conduct that would place an intimate partner in reasonable fear of bodily injury to the partner or child; and

      (c) (i) includes a finding that such person represents a credible threat to the physical safety of such intimate partner or child; or

         (ii) by its terms explicitly prohibits the use, attempted use, or threatened use of physical force against such intimate partner or child that would reasonably be expected to cause bodily injury;

      (d) For purposes of this section only, “intimate partner” means, with respect to a person, the spouse of the person, a former spouse of the person, an individual who is a parent of a child of the person, and an individual who cohabitates or has cohabited with the person; or

   (8) has been convicted of violating section 10-303.1 of this chapter; or

   (9) unless good cause exists for the denial of the permit.

  1. Application. Application for a rifle and shotgun permit shall be made to the police commissioner, shall be signed and affirmed by the applicant and shall state his or heer full name, date of birth, residence, physical condition, occupation and whether he or she complies with each requirement specified in subdivision a of this section, and any other information required by the police commissioner to process the application. Each applicant shall submit with his or her application a photograph of himself or herself in duplicate, which shall have been taken within thirty days prior to the filing of the application. Any willful or material omission or false statement shall be a violation of this section and grounds for denial of the application.
  2. Before a permit is issued or renewed, the police department shall investigate all statements required in the application. For that purpose, the records of the department of mental hygiene concerning previous or present mental illness of the applicant shall be available for inspection by the investigating officer of the police department. In order to ascertain any previous criminal record, the investigating officer shall take the fingerprints and physical descriptive data in quadruplicate of each individual by whom the application is signed. Two copies of such fingerprints shall be taken on standard fingerprint cards eight inches square, and one copy may be taken on a card supplied for that purpose by the federal bureau of investigation. When completed, one standard card shall be promptly submitted to the division of criminal justice services where it shall be appropriately processed. A second standard card, or the one supplied by the federal bureau of investigation, as the case may be, shall be forwarded to that bureau at Washington with a request that the files of the bureau be searched and notification of the results of the search be made to the police department. The failure or refusal of the federal bureau of investigation to make the fingerprint check provided for in this section shall not constitute the sole basis for refusal to issue a permit pursuant to the provisions of this section. Of the remaining two fingerprint cards, one shall be filed with the executive department, division of state police, Albany, within ten days after issuance of the permit, and the other remain on file with the police department. No such fingerprints may be inspected by any person other than a peace officer, when acting pursuant to his or her special duties, or a police officer, except on order of a justice of a court of record either upon notice to the permittee or without notice, as the judge or justice may deem appropriate. Upon completion of the investigation, the police department shall report the results to the police commissioner without unnecessary delay.
  3. Fees. The fee for an application for a rifle and shotgun permit or renewal thereof shall be one hundred forty dollars.
  4. Issuance.

   (1) Upon completion of the investigation, and in no event later than thirty days from the submission of the application, unless the police commissioner determines more time is needed for an investigation and then it shall not exceed sixty days, the commissioner shall issue the permit or shall notify the applicant of the denial of the application and the reason or reasons therefor. The applicant shall have the right to appeal said denial pursuant to procedures established by the police commissioner for administrative review.

   (2) Any person holding a valid license to carry a concealed weapon in accordance with the provisions of the penal law, shall be issued such permit upon filing an application and upon paying the established fee therefor, without the necessity of any further investigation, affidavits or fingerprinting, unless the police commissioner has reason to believe that the status of the applicant has changed since the issuance of the prior license.

  1. Validity. Any person to whom a rifle and shotgun permit has been validly issued pursuant to this chapter may possess a rifle or shotgun. No permit shall be transferred to any other person. Every person carrying a rifle or shotgun shall have on his or her person a permit which shall be exhibited for inspection to any peace officer or police officer upon demand. Failure of any such person to so exhibit his or her permit shall be presumptive evidence that he or she is not duly authorized to possess a rifle or shotgun and the same may be considered by the police commissioner as cause for revocation or suspension of such permit. A permit shall be valid for three (3) years and shall be subject to automatic renewal, upon sworn application, and without investigation, unless the police commissioner has reason to believe that the status of the applicant has changed since the previous application.
  2. Revocation or suspension. A permit shall be revoked upon the conviction in this state, or elsewhere, of a person holding a rifle or shotgun permit, of a felony or a serious offense. A permit may be revoked or suspended at any time upon evidence of any other disqualification set forth in subdivision a of this section. Upon revocation or suspension of a permit for any reason, the police commissioner shall immediately notify the New York state division of criminal justice services. The police commissioner shall from time to time send a notice and supplemental report hereof, containing the names, addresses and permit numbers of each person whose rifle and shotgun permit has been revoked or suspended to all licensed dealers in rifles and shotguns throughout the city for the purpose of notifying such dealers that no rifles or shotguns may be issued or sold or in any way disposed of to any such persons. The police commissioner or any police officer acting at the police commissioner’s direction shall forthwith seize any rifle and shotgun permit which has been revoked or suspended hereunder and shall seize any rifle or shotgun possessed by such person, provided that the person whose rifle or shotgun permit has been revoked or suspended, or such person’s appointee or legal representative, shall have the right at any time up to one year after such seizure to dispose of such rifle or shotgun to any licensed dealer or any other person legally permitted to purchase or take possession of such rifle or shotgun. The permittee shall have the right to appeal any suspension or revocation pursuant to procedures established by the commissioner for administrative review.
  3. Non-residents. Non-residents of the city of New York may apply for a rifle or shotgun permit subject to the same conditions, regulations and requirements as residents of the city of New York.

§ 10-303.1 Prohibition of the possession or disposition of assault weapons.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to possess or dispose of any assault weapon within the city of New York, except as provided in subdivision d, e or f of this section or section 10-305. A person who peaceably surrenders an assault weapon to the commissioner pursuant to subdivision d, e or f of this section or subdivision f of section 10-305 shall not be subject to the criminal or civil penalties set forth in this section.
  2. Criminal penalty. Any person who shall violate subdivision a of this section shall be guilty of an unclassified misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than five thousand dollars or by imprisonment of up to one year, or by both such fine and imprisonment, for each assault weapon disposed of or possessed, provided that the first violation of subdivision a of this section involving possession of an assault weapon as defined in paragraph c of subdivision 16 of section 10-301 shall be an offense punishable by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars of imprisonment of not more than fifteen days, or both, on condition that (1) such first violation is not in conjunction with the commission of a crime and (2) the possessor has not been previously convicted of a felony or a serious offense.
  3. Civil penalty. In addition to the penalties prescribed in subdivision b of this section, any person who shall violate subdivision a of this section shall be liable for a civil penalty of not more than twenty-five thousand dollars for each assault weapon disposed of or possessed, to be recovered in a civil action brought by the corporation counsel in the name of the city in any court of competent jurisdiction, provided that the first violation by any person of subdivision a of this section involving possession of an assault weapon as defined in paragraph c of subdivision sixteen of section 10-301 shall subject such person to a civil penalty of not more than five thousand dollars on condition that (1) such first violation is not in conjunction with the commission of a crime and (2) the possessor has not been previously convicted of a felony or a serious offense.
  4. Disposition of assault weapons by permittees, licensees and previously exempt persons. Any person who, on or after the effective date of this local law, shall possess an assault weapon and a valid permit for possession and purchase of rifles and shotguns and a certificate of registration for such assault weapon, and any licensed dealer in firearms or licensed dealer in rifles and shotguns who is not licensed as a special theatrical dealer and who, on or after the effective date of this local law, shall possess an assault weapon, and any police officer or peace officer who, before the effective date of this local law was exempt from the sections of the administrative code requiring rifle and shotgun permits and certificates, and who, upon the effective date of this local law, is not exempt from the sections of the administrative code prohibiting the possession or disposition of assault weapons, and who, on or after the effective date of this local law, shall possess an assault weapon, shall, within ninety days of the effective date of rules promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to subparagraph 7 of paragraph a of subdivision 16 of section 10-301, either:

   (1) peaceably surrender his or her assault weapon pursuant to subdivision f of section 10-305 for the purpose of destruction of such weapon by the commissioner, provided that the commissioner may authorize the use of such weapon by the department; or

   (2) lawfully remove such assault weapon from the city of New York. All assault weapons possessed by such permittees, licensees and previously exempt persons shall be subject to the provisions of this subdivision, whether defined as assault weapons in subdivision 16 of section 10-301 or in rules promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to subparagraph 7 of paragraph a of subdivision 16 of section 10-301.

  1. Disposition of assault weapons by non-permittees. Any person who, on or after the effective date of this local law, shall possess an assault weapon and who is not the holder of a valid permit for possession and purchase of rifles and shotguns and a certificate of registration for such assault weapon, shall peaceably surrender his or her assault weapon pursuant to subdivision f of section 10-305 for the purpose of destruction of such weapon by the commissioner, provided that the commissioner may authorize the use of such weapon by the department, and provided further that heirs and legatees may dispose of assault weapons pursuant to subdivision f of this section.
  2. Disposition of assault weapons by heirs and legatees. Any person who acquires an assault weapon on or after the effective date of this local law by the laws of intestacy or by testamentary bequest shall, within ninety days of such acquisition, either:

   (1) peaceably surrender such assault weapon pursuant to subdivision f of section 10-305 for the purpose of destruction of such weapon by the commissioner, provided that the commissioner may authorize the use of such weapon by the department; or

   (2) lawfully remove such assault weapon from the city of New York.

  1. Within thirty days of the effective date of rules promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to subparagraph 7 of paragraph a of subdivision 16 of section 10-301, the commissioner shall send by regular mail to every person who has been issued a permit to possess a rifle or shotgun and whose rifle or shotgun the commissioner reasonably believes to be an assault weapon as defined in subdivision 16 of section 10-301 or as defined in such rules, a written notice setting forth the requirements and procedures relating to the disposition of such weapons, and the criminal and civil penalties that may be imposed upon the permittee for unlawful possession or disposition of such weapons. Failure by the commissioner to send, or the permittee to receive, such notice, shall not excuse such permittee for unlawful possession or disposition of such weapons.
  2. Surrender of firearms. At the discretion of the police commissioner, any person convicted of violating this section may be subject to immediate surrender of all firearms in his or her possession.

§ 10-303.2 Civil penalty; firearms dealers and manufacturers.

  1. Definitions. For purposes of this section, the terms “firearm,” “handgun,” “dealer,” “collector,” and “manufacturer” shall have the meanings set forth in 18 U.S.C. § 921, as such section may be amended from time to time, or any successor provision thereto. The term “transfer” shall be deemed to include any sale, assignment, pledge, lease, loan, gift or other disposition. References to “statutes, laws or regulations” shall be deemed to include federal, state and local statutes, laws, local laws, ordinances, rules and regulations.
  2. Manufacturer and Dealer Liability. A manufacturer or dealer shall be liable for any injury or death caused by a firearm that it has transferred, if (i) such injury or death results from the use of such firearm by an individual not authorized by law to possess such firearm in the city of New York, and (ii) such manufacturer or dealer, or any other individual or entity acting subsequent to such manufacturer or dealer, unlawfully transferred such firearm at any time prior to such injury or death. Such liability also includes the possible imposition of punitive damages. Liability under this section does not extend to any manufacturer or dealer that has complied with the following standards during a period of one year immediately preceding and including the transfer of such firearm:

   (1) The manufacturer or dealer executes no transfers or agreements to transfer at gun shows except for gun shows that maintain a practice of performing instant criminal background checks consistent with 18 U.S.C. § 922 (t), as such subsection may be amended from time to time and any successor provision thereto, on all transfers, whether by licensed or unlicensed sellers.

   (2) Any place of business operated by the manufacturer or dealer is located at a fixed address where:

      (a) a record is maintained, as may be required by any statute, law or regulation, of the make, model, caliber or gauge, and serial number of all firearms held in inventory or offered for sale; and

      (b) a record is maintained, as may be required by any statute, law or regulation, of the make, model, caliber or gauge, and serial number of all firearms sold, and of any identifying information required by any such statute, law or regulation to be obtained from purchasers;

   (3) The manufacturer or dealer provides access to the aforementioned records to officers, employees and agents of public agencies conducting inspections, to the full extent required by applicable statutes, laws and regulations;

   (4) The manufacturer or dealer limits transfers to any individual or entity to one handgun in any given thirty-day period, provided that this paragraph shall not apply to lawful transfers to (a) public agencies in furtherance of official business; (b) law enforcement officers employed by public agencies; (c) private security firms, holding any permits or licenses required by applicable statutes, laws and regulations, for the use of their agents and employees; (d) private operators of state and local correctional facilities, for the use of their agents and employees; or (e) licensed manufacturers, licensed dealers or licensed collectors, as those terms are defined by 18 U.S.C. § 921, as such section may be amended from time to time, or any successor provision thereto;

   (5) The manufacturer or dealer has complied with all applicable statutes, laws and regulations governing the transfer of firearms; and

   (6) The manufacturer or dealer has not transferred a firearm to any other manufacturer or dealer in circumstances in which the manufacturer or dealer transferring such firearm knew or should have known that such manufacturer or dealer had not complied with the standards set forth in this subdivision.

  1. Exceptions.

   (1) No action may be commenced pursuant to this section by any person injured or killed by the discharge of a firearm that is lawfully possessed by a law enforcement official employed by a public agency.

   (2) This section shall not limit in scope any cause of action, other than that provided by this section, available to a person injured by or killed by a firearm.

   (3) Nothing in this section shall prevent a manufacturer or dealer from seeking whole or partial indemnity or contribution for any liability incurred under this section from any third party wholly or partially responsible for the injury or death.

   (4) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision b, there shall be no basis for liability under this section if the manufacturer or dealer proves by a preponderance of the evidence that: (i) the person injured or killed by the discharge of a firearm was committing or attempting to commit a crime (whether or not such crime is actually charged); (ii) the unlawful transfer or possession of the firearm is solely a result of the failure of the owner of the firearm to renew a license, permit or registration within six months of the date such renewal is required; or (iii) prior to the injury or death caused by the firearm, a lawful possessor of the firearm has reported its theft to a federal, state or local law enforcement agency, or reported its loss to an appropriate public agency.

   (5) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision b, there shall be no basis for liability under this section if the manufacturer or dealer proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the manufacturer or dealer lawfully transferred the firearm to: (i) a public agency in furtherance of official business; (ii) a law enforcement officer employed by a public agency; (iii) a private security firm, holding any permits or licenses required by applicable statutes, laws and regulations, for the use of its agents and employees; or (iv) a private operator of a state or local correctional facility for the use of its agents and employees.

   (6) Notwithstanding the provisions of subdivision b, there shall be no basis for liability under this section if the manufacturer or dealer proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the injury or death is not directly or indirectly related to any act or omission by such manufacturer or dealer, including but not limited to any failure by the manufacturer or dealer to comply with the standards set forth in subdivision b of this section.

§ 10-304 Certificates of registration.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person to have in his or her possession any rifle or shotgun unless said person is the holder of a certificate of registration for such rifle or shotgun.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any person who is not a licensed dealer to dispose of any rifle or shotgun for which such person does not have a certificate of registration unless such person files with the police commissioner a declaration in duplicate, signed and affirmed by the declarant which shall list by caliber, make, model, manufacturer’s name and serial number, or if none, any other distinguishing number or identification mark, of each rifle and shotgun possessed by the declarant. Upon receipt of acknowledgement of said declaration by the police commissioner, the declarant may lawfully sell, transfer, or otherwise dispose of such rifles or shotguns to a licensed dealer or any other person legally permitted to purchase or take possession of such rifles or shotguns. Any willful or material omission or false statement shall be a violation of this section.
  3. Exhibition of certificate. Every person carrying a rifle or shotgun shall have on his or her person a certificate of registration valid for such weapon. Upon demand, the appropriate certificate shall be exhibited for inspection to any peace officer or police officer. Failure of any person to so exhibit his or her certificate shall be presumptive evidence that he or she is not duly authorized to possess such rifle or shotgun and may be considered by the police commissioner as cause for revocation or suspension of such person’s permit.
  4. Revocation. The revocation of a rifle or shotgun permit shall automatically be deemed to be a revocation of all certificates of registration for rifles and shotguns held by the person whose permit has been revoked.
  5. Disposition of rifles and shotguns. No person lawfully in possession of a rifle or shotgun shall dispose of same except to a licensed dealer in firearms, licensed dealer in rifles and shotguns, the holder of a valid rifle and shotgun permit, an exempt person as enumerated in this chapter, or a non-resident of the city of New York not subject to the permit requirements of this chapter. Any person so disposing of a rifle or shotgun shall report the disposition on forms provided by the commissioner setting forth the rifle and shotgun permit number of both seller and purchaser, the make, caliber, type, model and serial number, if any, and if the seller is a licensed dealer the certificate of registration number, of all such rifles and shotguns. Such form shall be signed by both seller and purchaser and the original shall be forwarded to the police commissioner within seventytwo hours of the disposition, one copy shall be retained by the seller, another by the purchaser.

   1. If the seller is a licensed dealer, he or she shall at the time of the sale issue a certificate of registration to the purchaser provided to the dealer for that purpose by the police commissioner and shall forward to the police commissioner the duplicate thereof, together with the report of disposition.

   2. If the seller is not a licensed dealer, the police commissioner shall, if the purchaser’s rifle permit is valid, issue the certificate of registration within ten days of the receipt by the police commissioner of the report of disposition. Pending receipt of the certificate, but in no event for any longer than fourteen days from the date of purchase, the copy of the report of disposition shall serve in lieu of the purchaser’s certificate of registration.

  1. No fee shall be charged for a certificate of registration.
  2. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section concerning the transfer, receipt, acquisition, or any other disposition of a rifle or shotgun, a rifle and shotgun permit shall not be required for the passing of a rifle or shotgun upon the death of an owner, to his or her heir or legatee, whether the same be by testamentary bequest or by the laws of intestacy, except that the person who shall so receive or acquire said rifle or shotgun shall be subject to all other provisions of this chapter, provided further that if the heir or legatee of the owner of such rifle or shotgun does not qualify to possess same under this chapter, the rifle or shotgun may be possessed by the heir or legatee for the purpose of sale as otherwise provided herein for a period not exceeding one hundred eighty days or for such further limited period beyond the one hundred eighty days as may be approved by the commissioner, said extensions in no event to exceed a total of ninety days.

§ 10-305 Exemptions.

The sections requiring rifle and shotgun permits and certificates and prohibiting the possession or disposition of assault weapons shall not apply as follows:

  1. Minors. Any person under the age of twenty-one years may carry, fire, or use any rifle or shotgun in the actual presence or under the direct supervision of any person who is a holder of a rifle or shotgun permit, or for the purpose of military drill under the auspices of a legally recognized organization and under competent supervision or for the purpose of competition or target practice in and upon a firing range approved by the police commissioner or any other governmental agency authorized to provide such approval, or the national rifle association, which is under competent supervision at the time of such competition or target practice, provided that the rifle or shotgun is otherwise properly registered or exempt from registration by virtue of some other provision of this chapter. This exemption shall not apply to assault weapons.
  2. Antiques and ornaments. The provisions of this chapter shall not apply to antique rifles and shotguns which are incapable of being fired or discharged or which do not fire fixed ammunition, or those weapons manufactured prior to eighteen hundred ninety-four and those weapons whose design was patented and whose commercial manufacture commenced prior to eighteen hundred ninety-four and whose manufacture continued after eighteen hundred ninety-four without any substantial alteration in design or function, and for which cartridge ammunition is not commercially available and are possessed as curiosities or ornaments or for their historical significance and value. This exemption shall not apply to assault weapons.
  3. Persons in the military service in the state of New York, when duly authorized by regulations issued by the chief of staff to the governor to possess the same, and police officers, provided that such police officers shall not be exempt from the sections prohibiting the possession or disposition of assault weapons except during the performance of their duties as police officers, and other peace officers as defined in section 2.10 of the criminal procedure law, provided that such peace officers (1) are authorized pursuant to law or regulation of the state or city of New York to possess either (a) a firearm within the city of New York without a license or permit therefor, or (b) a rifle, shotgun or assault weapon within the city of New York without a permit therefor; and (2) are authorized by their employer to possess such rifle, shotgun or assault weapon; and (3) shall not possess such rifle, shotgun or assault weapon except during the performance of their duties as peace officers.
  4. Persons in the military or other service of the United States, in pursuit of official duty or when duly authorized by federal law, regulation or order to possess the same.
  5. Persons employed in fulfilling defense contracts with the government of the United States or agencies thereof when possession of the same is necessary for manufacture, transport, installation and testing under the requirements of such contract. Any such person exempted by subdivisions c, d and e above, may purchase a rifle or shotgun only from a licensed dealer, and must submit to the dealer full and clear proof of identification, including shield number, serial number, military or governmental order or authorization, and military or other official identification. Any dealer who disposes of a rifle or shotgun to any exempt person without securing such identification shall be in violation of these sections.
  6. A person may voluntarily surrender a rifle, shotgun or assault weapon to the police commissioner, provided, that the same shall be surrendered by such person only after he or she gives notice in writing to the police commissioner, stating such person’s name, address, the type of gun to be surrendered, and the approximate time of day and the place where such surrender shall take place and such time of day and place have been approved in writing by the police commissioner. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed as granting immunity from prosecution for any crime or offense except that of unlawful possession of such rifle, shotgun or assault weapon.
  7. The regular and ordinary transport of rifles, shotguns or assault weapons as merchandise provided that the person transporting such rifles, shotguns or assault weapons where he or she knows or has reasonable means of ascertaining what such person is transporting, notifies, in writing, the police commissioner of the name and address of the consignee and the place of delivery, and withholds delivery to the consignee for such reasonable period of time designated in writing by the police commissioner as the police commissioner may deem necessary for investigation as to whether the consignee may lawfully receive and possess such rifles, shotguns or assault weapons.
  8. Possession by retail customers for the purpose of firing at duly licensed rifle target concessions at amusement parks, piers, and similar locations provided that the rifles to be so used by firmly chained or affixed to the counter and that the individual rifles are registered by the proprietor and that the proprietor is in possession of a rifle and shotgun permit. This exemption shall not apply to assault weapons.
    1. Non-residents in transit. Any other provision of this chapter to the contrary notwithstanding, a non-resident of the city of New York who, without a rifle and shotgun permit issued hereunder, enters the city of New York possessing a rifle or shotgun in the course of transit to a destination outside the city of New York, or a non-resident of the city of New York who enters the city of New York possessing an assault weapon in the course of transit to a destination outside the city of New York, shall have a period of twenty-four hours subsequent to such entering to be exempt from penalty under this chapter for the unlawful possession of a rifle, shotgun or assault weapon, provided that such rifle, shotgun or assault weapon shall at all times be unloaded and in a locked case, or locked automobile trunk, and that said non-resident is lawfully in possession of said rifle, shotgun or assault weapon according to the laws of his or her place of residence.

   (2) Non-residents purchasing a rifle or shotgun from a licensed dealer. Any other provision of this chapter notwithstanding, a non-resident of the city of New York may purchase a rifle or shotgun from a licensed dealer provided that he or she presents the dealer with documentary evidence of his or her identity and place of residence, and the rifle or shotgun purchased is either personally delivered to the purchaser or transmitted by the dealer directly to the purchaser’s residence. In the event the purchaser is traveling from the city by rail, ship or plane, the dealer is hereby authorized to deliver such rifle or shotgun at the appropriate terminal to a representative of the railroad, airline or shipping company, for placement aboard such train, plane or ship. If the rifle or shotgun is personally delivered to the non-resident purchaser within the city of New York, the purchaser shall have the rifle or shotgun removed from the city no later than twenty-four hours after the time of purchase. This exemption shall not apply to assault weapons.

  1. Nothing herein contained shall be construed to be a prohibition of the conduct of business by manufacturers, wholesale dealers, interstate shippers, or any other individuals or firms properly licensed by the federal government, where such prohibition would be preempted by federal law.
  2. Special theatrical permit. Nothing herein contained is intended to prevent the possession or utilization of any rifle, shotgun or assault weapon during the course of any television, movie, stage or other similar theatrical production, or by a professional photographer in the pursuance of his or her profession, provided however, that the rifle or shotgun so used shall be properly registered and a special theatrical permit shall have been issued for the rifle, shotgun or assault weapon pursuant to rules established by the commissioner.
  3. Persons in possession of, using or transporting rifles which have been issued by the director of civilian marksmanship of the department of the army, pursuant to the provisions of 10 U.S.C. §§ 4307-4309, unto a civilian rifle club, or unto a rifle team representing an educational institution, provided that such persons are members in good standing of an accredited civilian rifle club, or are connected as students or coaches with such educational institution, shall not be required to obtain a certificate of registration for such rifle. This exemption shall not apply to assault weapons.
  4. Any resident of the city of New York acquiring a rifle or shotgun outside the city of New York shall within seventy-two hours after bringing such weapon into the city make application for a rifle and shotgun permit, if such person does not already possess such permit, and for a certificate of registration. Pending the issuance of such permit and/or certificate of registration such resident shall deposit such weapon with a designated officer, at the police precinct in which such person resides, who shall issue a receipt therefor and said weapon shall be retained at the precinct until the resident shall produce the proper permit and registration certificate. This exemption shall not apply to assault weapons.
  5. The provisions of section 10-303 of this chapter shall not apply to persons who are members of units of war veterans organizations, which organizations are duly recognized by the veterans administration, pursuant to 38 U.S.C. § 3402, and who are specifically designated to carry rifles or shotguns by the commanders of said units, while actually participating in, going to or returning from, special events authorized by the commissioner. Said rifles or shotguns, to be carried, must be the property of the unit of the war veterans organization, must be registered with the police commissioner pursuant to section 10-304 of this chapter and must be kept at the unit’s headquarters or some central place as registered.
  6. Nothing herein shall exempt a member of a unit of a war veterans organization from possessing a permit issued pursuant to section 10-303, to carry rifles or shotguns which are not the property of a war veterans organization; nor shall that member be exempt from registering such rifles or shotguns, pursuant to section 10-304, which said member may personally own, possess or purchase.
  7. Any gunsmith licensed pursuant to section 10-302 may engage in the business of gunsmith as authorized by such license.
  8. Notwithstanding the provisions of this chapter prohibiting the possession or disposition of assault weapons, a special theatrical dealer may possess such weapons exclusively for the purpose of leasing such weapons to special theatrical permittees within the city and for theatrical purposes outside the city and may, in addition, with the written approval of the commissioner, permanently remove one or more assault weapons from the city.

§ 10-306 Disposition, purchase and possession of ammunition and ammunition feeding devices.

  1. No person, except a dealer in rifles and shotguns, may dispose of to another person an ammunition feeding device which is designed for use in a rifle or shotgun and which is capable of holding more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition, except in the manner provided in this chapter for the disposition of assault weapons, provided that a person in lawful possession of such ammunition feeding devices may dispose of such ammunition feeding devices to a dealer in rifles and shotguns. No dealer in rifles and shotguns may dispose of such ammunition feeding devices except to a person who is exempt from subdivision a of section 10-303.1 pursuant to section 10-305.
  2. No person may possess an ammunition feeding device which is designed for use in a rifle or shotgun and which is capable of holding more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition, unless such person is exempt from subdivision a of section 10-303.1 pursuant to section 10-305, provided that a dealer in rifles and shotguns may possess such ammunition feeding devices for the purpose of disposition authorized pursuant to subdivision a of this section.
  3. No ammunition suitable for use in a rifle of any caliber or for any shotgun or ammunition feeding device which is designed for use in a rifle or shotgun and which is capable of holding no more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition shall be disposed of to any person who has not been issued a rifle and shotgun permit and a certificate of registration and who does not exhibit same to the dealer at the time of the purchase. In no event shall rifle or shotgun ammunition be disposed of to or possessed by any such person except for a shotgun, or for the specific caliber of rifle, for which the certificate of registration has been issued. No ammunition feeding device which is designed for use in a rifle or shotgun and which is capable of holding more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition shall be disposed of by a dealeer in rifles and shotguns to any person who does not exhibit proof that he or she is exempt from subdivision a of section 10-303.1 pursuant to section 10-305.
  4. It shall be unlawful for any person who is required to have a permit in order to possess a rifle or shotgun and who has not been issued such permit to possess rifle or shotgun ammunition or an ammunition feeding device which is designed for use in a rifle or shotgun.
  5. A record shall be kept by the dealer of each disposition of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices under this section which shall show the type, caliber and quantity of ammunition or ammunition feeding devices disposed of, the name and address of the person receiving same, the caliber, make, model, manufacturer’s name and serial number of the rifle or shotgun for which the purchaser is purchasing ammunition, the date and time of the transaction, and the number of the permit and certificate exhibited or description of the proof of exemption exhibited as required by this section. Such information shall be made available to all law enforcement agencies.
  6. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, ammunition and ammunition feeding devices which are designed for use in rifles or shotguns and which are capable of holding no more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition may be disposed of or possessed in the same manner and pursuant to the same requirements, rules and exemptions as apply to disposal or possession of rifles, shotguns or assault weapons under this chapter, provided that a special theatrical permittee may not possess live ammunition suitable for use in the rifle, shotgun or assault weapon such permittee is authorized to possess. Ammunition feeding devices which are designed for use in rifles or shotguns and which are capable of holding more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition may only be disposed of or possessed in the manner provided in this section.
  7. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section, any person authorized to possess a pistol or revolver within the city of New York may possess ammunition suitable for use in such pistol or revolver and a dealer in firearms or dealer in rifles and shotguns may dispose of such ammunition to such person pursuant to subdivision i of section 10-131.
  8. Dealers in rifles and shotguns and special theatrical dealers may lease ammunition feeding devices which are designed for use in rifles or shotguns to special theatrical permittees. Special theatrical permittees may possess such ammunition feeding devices subject to the same conditions as apply with respect to such permittee’s possession of rifles, shotguns and assault weapons.

§ 10-307 Supply of forms.

The commissioner shall provide all dealers in rifles and shotguns with adequate supplies of all forms including applications for permits as required by this chapter, without charge.

§ 10-308 Vehicles, rooms, dwellings or structures; possession therein.

The presence of a rifle, or shotgun, or rifle or shotgun ammunition, in a vehicle, room, dwelling or structure, without a rifle and shotgun permit therefor and a certificate of registration therefor, or the presence of an assault weapon in a vehicle, room, dwelling or structure, shall be presumptive evidence of possession thereof by all persons occupying the vehicle, room, dwelling or structure at the time.

§ 10-309 Identifying marks.

  1. Defacing. Any person who alters, changes, removes, disfigures, obliterates or defaces the name of the maker, model, manufacturer’s or serial number of a rifle, shotgun or assault weapon shall be in violation of this section.
  2. Any rifle or shotgun sold or otherwise disposed of by a licensed dealer, which does not contain a manufacturer’s or serial number, must have imbedded into the metal portion of such rifle or shotgun a dealer’s number. Failure to so mark and identify any rifle or shotgun shall be a violation of this section.

§ 10-310 Violation.

Except as is otherwise provided in sections 10-302 and 10-303.1, violation of sections 10-301 through 10-309 and of rules and regulations issued by the commissioner pursuant thereto shall be a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment of not more than one year or both, provided that the first violation of such sections involving possession of an unregistered rifle or shotgun or rifle or shotgun ammunition or an ammunition feeding device which is designed for use in a rifle or shotgun and which is capable of holding no more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition shall be an offense punishable by a fine of not more than three hundred dollars or imprisonment of not more than fifteen days, or both on condition that (a) the first violation of possession of an unregistered rifle and shotgun or rifle and shotgun ammunition or an ammunition feeding device which is designed for use in a rifle or shotgun and which is capable of holding no more than five rounds of rifle or shotgun ammunition is not in conjunction with the commission of a crime and (b) the possessor has not been previously convicted of a felony or a serious offense and (c) the possessor has not previously applied for and been denied a permit for such possession.

§ 10-311 Sale of weapons without safety locking device prohibited.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person or business enterprise to dispose of any weapon which does not contain a safety locking device. For the purposes of this section and section 10-312: (1) weapon shall mean a firearm, rifle, shotgun, or assault weapon, as such terms are defined in section 10-301; or a machine gun, as defined in the penal law; and (2) a safety locking device shall mean a design adaptation or attachable accessory that will prevent the use of the weapon by an unauthorized user, and includes, but is not limited to, a trigger lock, which prevents the pulling of the trigger without the use of a key, or a combination handle, which prevents the use of the weapon without the alignment of the combination tumblers.
  2. It shall be unlawful for any licensed manufacturer, licensed importer, or licensed dealer to dispose of any weapon in the city of New York unless it is accompanied by the following warning, which shall appear in conspicuous and legible type in capital letters, and which shall be printed on a label affixed to the weapon and on a separate sheet of paper included within the packaging enclosing the weapon: “THE USE OF A LOCKING DEVICE OR SAFETY LOCK IS ONLY ONE ASPECT OF RESPONSIBLE WEAPON STORAGE. ALL WEAPONS SHOULD BE STORED UNLOADED AND LOCKED IN A LOCATION THAT IS BOTH SEPARATE FROM THEIR AMMUNITION AND INACCESSIBLE TO CHILDREN AND ANY OTHER UNAUTHORIZED PERSONS. NEW YORK CITY LAW PROHIBITS, WITH CERTAIN EXCEPTIONS, ANY PERSON FROM ACQUIRING MORE THAN ONE FIREARM, OR MORE THAN ONE RIFLE OR SHOTGUN, WITHIN A 90-DAY PERIOD.”
  3. Any person who applies for and obtains authorization to purchase a weapon or otherwise lawfully obtains a weapon pursuant to chapters one or three of title ten of this code shall be required to purchase or obtain a safety locking device at the time he or she purchases or obtains the weapon.
    1. The police commissioner is authorized to promulgate rules setting forth the types of safety locking devices which will comply with this section in accordance with subdivision a of this section. The city of New York and its agencies, officers or employees shall not be liable to any party by reason of any incident involving, or the use or misuse of, a safety locking device that may have been purchased in compliance with such rules promulgated by the commissioner.

   (2) The police commissioner shall provide written notice of the requirements of this section and section 10-312 to all persons who receive an official authorization to purchase a weapon and all persons applying for renewal of a license or permit issued pursuant to chapters one or three of title ten, including any rules promulgated under this subdivision. All persons applying for a license or permit or applying for the renewal of a license or permit pursuant to chapters one or three of title ten of this code, shall receive from the commissioner information concerning the importance of using a safety locking device while a weapon is not in use, and a warning that weapons should be stored unloaded and locked in a location that is both separate from their ammunition and inaccessible to [their] children and any other unauthorized persons.

  1. Any violation of subdivisions a or b of this section or any rule promulgated thereunder shall be a misdemeanor and triable by a judge of the criminal court of the city of New York and punishable by imprisonment of not more than thirty days or by a fine of not more than five hundred dollars, or both.

§ 10-312 Use of safety locking device required under certain circumstances.

  1. It shall be unlawful for any person who is the lawful owner or lawful custodian of a weapon, as that term is defined in section 10-311, to store or otherwise place or leave such weapon in such a manner or under circumstances that it is out of his or her immediate possession or control, without having rendered such weapon inoperable by employing a safety locking device. Any person who violates this subdivision shall be guilty of a violation, punishable by imprisonment of not more than ten days or by a fine of not more than two hundred fifty dollars, or both.
  2. Any person who violates subdivision a of this section having previously been found guilty of a violation of such subdivision, or under circumstances which create a substantial risk of physical injury to another person, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment of not more than thirty days or by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars, or both.
  3. The provisions of this section shall not apply to weapons owned or lawfully possessed by a police officer, as such term is defined in section 1.20 of the criminal procedure law, or a federal law enforcement officer, as such term is defined in section 2.15 of the criminal procedure law.

§ 10-313 Mandatory disclosure of gun violence information.

Prior to issuing a license or permit for possession of a firearm, the department must provide applicants with the following statement in printed form:“Warning: The presence of a firearm in the home is associated with an increased risk of suicide, death during domestic violence disputes, and unintentional deaths to children and others.”

§ 10-314 Prohibition on unfinished frames or receivers.

  1. Restriction of possession. Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, no person shall dispose of or possess an unfinished frame or receiver.
  2. Penalties. The violation of this section constitutes a class A misdemeanor for each prohibited item disposed of or possessed.

Chapter 5: Disclosure of Security Breach

§ 10-501 Definitions.

For the purposes of this chapter,

  1. The term “personal identifying information” shall mean any person’s date of birth, social security number, driver’s license number, non-driver photo identification card number, financial services account number or code, savings account number or code, checking account number or code, brokerage account number or code, credit card account number or code, debit card number or code, automated teller machine number or code, personal identification number, mother’s maiden name, computer system password, electronic signature or unique biometric data that is a fingerprint, voice print, retinal image or iris image of another person. This term shall apply to all such data, notwithstanding the method by which such information is maintained.
  2. The term “breach of security” shall mean the unauthorized disclosure or use by an employee or agent of an agency, or the unauthorized possession by someone other than an employee or agent of an agency, of personal identifying information that compromises the security, confidentiality or integrity of such information. Good faith or inadvertent possession of any personal identifying information by an employee or agent of an agency for the legitimate purposes of the agency, and good faith or legally mandated disclosure of any personal identifying information by an employee or agent of an agency for the legitimate purposes of the agency shall not constitute a breach of security.

§ 10-502 Agency disclosure of a security breach.

  1. Any city agency that owns or leases data that includes personal identifying information and any city agency that maintains but does not own data that includes personal identifying information, shall immediately disclose to the police department any breach of security following discovery by a supervisor or manager, or following notification to a supervisor or manager, of such breach if such personal identifying information was, or is reasonably believed to have been, acquired by an unauthorized person.
  2. Subsequent to compliance with the provisions set forth in subdivision a of this section, any city agency that owns or leases data that includes personal identifying information shall disclose, in accordance with the procedures set forth in subdivision d of this section, any breach of security following discovery by a supervisor or manager, or following notification to a supervisor or manager, of such breach to any person whose personal identifying information was, or is reasonably believed to have been, acquired by an unauthorized person.
  3. Subsequent to compliance with the provisions set forth in subdivision a of this section, any city agency that maintains but does not own data that includes personal identifying information shall disclose, in accordance with the procedures set forth in subdivision d of this section, any breach of security following discovery by a supervisor or manager, or following notification to a supervisor or manager, of such breach to the owner, lessor or licensor of the data if the personal identifying information was, or is reasonably believed to have been, acquired by an unauthorized person.
  4. The disclosures required by subdivisions b and c of this section shall be made as soon as practicable by a method reasonable under the circumstances. Provided said method is not inconsistent with the legitimate needs of law enforcement or any other investigative or protective measures necessary to restore the reasonable integrity of the data system, disclosure shall be made by at least one of the following means:

   1. Written notice to the individual at his or her last known address; or

   2. Verbal notification to the individual by telephonic communication; or

   3. Electronic notification to the individual at his or her last known e-mail address.

  1. Should disclosure pursuant to paragraph one, two or three of subdivision d be impracticable or inappropriate given the circumstances of the breach and the identity of the victim, such disclosure shall be made by a mechanism of the agency’s election, provided such mechanism is reasonably targeted to the individual in a manner that does not further compromise the integrity of the personal information.

§ 10-503 Agency disposal of personal identifying information.

An agency that discards records containing any individual’s personal identifying information shall do so in a manner intended to prevent retrieval of the information contained therein or thereon.

§ 10-504 Agency disposal of electronics.

  1. Any agency that disposes of electronic equipment that contains a hard disk drive, solid state drive or similar device capable of storing information while powered off, including but not limited to printers, copiers and computers, shall ensure, before its disposal, the erasure of all information contained therein, either through degaussing, physical destruction of the drive, a data wiping that includes at least two full overwrites or another erasure method specified by the department of information technology and telecommunications after consultation with all relevant agencies. This requirement shall not apply to boot related firmware.
  2. Each agency shall require any third party who disposes of electronic equipment on its behalf to provide the agency a written certification that the disposal complies with the requirements set forth in this section and shall forward such certification to the department of information technology and telecommunications. Every two years each agency that has disposed of electronic equipment itself shall submit a statement to the department of information technology and telecommunications certifying that its disposal of such electronic equipment complies with the requirements set forth in this section.
  3. For the purposes of this section, the term “dispose” includes a transfer of electronic equipment from one agency to another when such equipment has stored information that is confidential or sensitive in nature and is not relevant to the work of the agency receiving such equipment.

Chapter 6: Gun offender Registration Act

§ 10-601 Short Title.

This local law shall be known as the “Gun Offender Registration Act.”

§ 10-602 Definitions.

For purposes of this chapter:

  1. “Career education” shall have the meaning given in subdivision twenty-four of section two of the education law.
  2. “Commissioner” shall mean the police commissioner of the city of New York or his or her designee.
  3. “Department” shall mean the police department of the city of New York.
  4. “Gun offender” shall mean any person who is convicted, after the effective date of this act, of a gun offense as defined in subdivision e of this section in a court in the city of New York. Convictions that result from or are connected with the same act, or result from offenses committed at the same time, shall be counted for the purpose of this chapter as one conviction. The entry of a plea of guilty, a plea of guilty where the gun offender does not accept responsibility, a plea of nolo contendere, or a verdict of guilty, shall constitute a conviction for purposes of this chapter; provided, however, that any conviction set aside pursuant to law, including any conviction for a gun offense that has been reversed upon appeal, is not a conviction for purposes of this chapter. The term “gun offender” shall not include any person who has been pardoned for all gun offenses by the governor.
  5. “Gun offense” shall mean a conviction of criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree in violation of subdivision 4, 5, 6, 7, or 8 of section 265.02 of the penal law or criminal possession of a weapon in the second degree in violation of subdivision 3 of section 265.03 of the penal law.
  6. “Higher education” shall have the meaning given in subdivision eight of section two of the education law.
  7. “Local correctional facility” shall have the meaning given in paragraph (a) of subdivision sixteen of section two of the correction law.
  8. “Secondary education” shall have the meaning given in subdivision seven of section two of the education law.
  9. “State correctional facility” shall mean a correctional facility as defined in paragraph (a) of subdivision four of section two of the correction law.

§ 10-603 Duty to register and to verify.

  1. A gun offender shall register with the department at the time sentence is imposed on a form prescribed by the department.
  2. Registration as required by this chapter shall consist of a statement in writing signed by the gun offender giving such information as may be required under subdivision c of this section.
  3. A gun offender shall, to the extent required by the department, provide the following information to the department:

   1. The gun offender’s name, all aliases used, date of birth, sex, race, height, weight, eye color, number of any driver’s license or non-driver photo ID card, home address and/or expected place of residence.

   2. A photograph, updated during the period of registration as described in subdivision d of this section.

   3. A description of the offense for which the gun offender was convicted, the date of conviction and the sentence imposed.

   4. The name and address of any institution of career education, higher education or secondary education at which the gun offender is or expects to be enrolled or attending, and whether such offender resides in or will reside in a facility owned or operated by such institution.

   5. The gun offender’s expected place of employment, including name and phone number of supervisor and mailing address of employer.

   6. Any other information deemed pertinent by the department.

  1. First personal appearance. A gun offender who is required to register shall personally appear at such office as the commissioner may direct within forty-eight hours of (i) release, in the event the gun offender receives a sentence of imprisonment, or (ii) the time sentence is imposed, if such sentence does not include imprisonment, for the purpose of personally verifying such information as may be required under subdivision c of this section with the department. The department may at such time photograph the gun offender. The commissioner may require the gun offender to provide such documentation as the commissioner deems acceptable verifying such information.
  2. For a gun offender who is required to register under this chapter and who is a resident of the City of New York, every six months after the gun offender’s initial registration date during the period in which he or she is required to register under this chapter the following applies:

   1. Except as specified in paragraph 2 of this subdivision, within twenty days of each six month anniversary of the gun offender’s initial registration date, the gun offender shall personally appear at such office as the commissioner may direct for the purpose of verifying such information as may be required under subdivision c of this section with the department. The department may at such time photograph the gun offender. The commissioner may require the gun offender to provide such documentation as the commissioner deems acceptable verifying such information.

   2. If a gun offender required to register under this chapter who is a resident of the City of New York is confined to any state or local correctional facility, hospital or institution throughout the twenty-day period described in paragraph 1 of this subdivision, such gun offender shall personally appear as required by paragraph 1 within forty-eight hours of release. The department may at such time photograph the gun offender.

  1. The department is authorized to maintain in the registry database information other than that specified in subdivision c of this section.
  2. Any gun offender shall, within ten calendar days after establishing residence in the city of New York or changing residences within the city of New York, personally appear at such office as the commissioner may direct and there provide verification information as required by this chapter. The commissioner may require the gun offender to provide such documentation as the commissioner deems acceptable verifying the change in residence.

§ 10-604 Duration of registration and verification.

A gun offender shall register and verify for a period of four years from the date of conviction of a gun offense, if the conviction does not include imprisonment, or for a period of four years from the date of release after conviction of a gun offense, in the event the gun offender receives a sentence of imprisonment.

§ 10-605 Sharing of registration information.

The department is authorized to make the registry available to any regional or national government-operated registry of gun offenders for the purpose of sharing information. The department may accept files from any regional or national registry of gun offenders. The department is also authorized to make the registry available to other City agencies.

§ 10-606 Cooperation with other agencies.

The department is authorized to cooperate with state and City agencies and the judiciary to facilitate implementation of this chapter. Assistance and cooperation in the implementation of this chapter shall be provided by other City departments and agencies upon request by the commissioner.

§ 10-607 Regulations.

The commissioner may make and promulgate such rules and regulations and establish such forms as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter.

§ 10-608 Penalties.

Any violation by a gun offender of this chapter or of rules and regulations established pursuant to this chapter, including any failure to register or to verify pursuant in the manner and within the time periods provided for in this chapter, shall be a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not more than one thousand dollars or imprisonment of not more than one year or both. Failure to receive any form shall not excuse any violation of this chapter.

Chapter 7: Unauthorized Recording In A Place of Public Performance

§ 10-701 Definitions.

Whenever used in this chapter, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

  1. “Recording device” means a photographic or video camera, or any audio and/or visual recording function of any device used for recording or transmitting sound, picture, or both, of a live performance or motion picture.
  2. “Place of public performance” means (1) a theater that is used primarily for the exhibition of motion pictures or (2) any venue that is used for the exhibition of motion pictures or used for live theatrical or musical performances at which the operator posts a sign that meets the requirements of section 10-705 of this article.
  3. “Unauthorized operation” means operation conducted without written authority or permission from the owner, operator, manager or other person having control of a place of public performance.

§ 10-702 Unauthorized operation of a recording device in a place of public performance prohibited.

No person may engage in or cause or permit another to engage in the unauthorized operation of a recording device in a place of public performance.

§ 10-703 Penalties.

Any person who violates the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor which, upon a first conviction, shall be punishable by a term of imprisonment not to exceed six months, by a fine of not less than one thousand dollars nor more than five thousand dollars, or both such fine and imprisonment, and be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed five thousand dollars. Any person who violates the provisions of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor which, upon a second and any subsequent conviction occurring within one year of a first conviction, shall be punishable by a term of imprisonment not to exceed one year, by a fine of not less than five thousand dollars nor more than ten thousand dollars, or both such fine and imprisonment, and be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed ten thousand dollars. Such penalty shall be in addition to any other penalties or sanctions that may be imposed, and such penalties shall not limit or preclude any cause of action available to any person or entity injured or aggrieved by such action.

§ 10-704 Exception.

This section shall not be interpreted to impair or restrict any law enforcement personnel or employees of governmental agencies or other entities, public or private, who, in the course of their employment, attempt to capture any visual image, sound recording, or other physical impression: (i) of a person engaging in criminal or otherwise illegal activity; or (ii) while conducting an investigation, surveillance, or monitoring of any person to obtain evidence of suspected illegal activity, including the suspected violation of any administrative rule or regulation, a suspected fraudulent insurance claim, or any other suspected fraudulent conduct or activity involving a violation of law or pattern of business practices adversely affecting public health or safety.

§ 10-705 Signage.

The operator of a venue as defined by paragraph (2) of subdivision b of § 10-701 of this subchapter may prominently display at the entrance to such venue, a sign stating in conspicuous letters that are at least three-fourths of an inch high that the unauthorized operation of a recording device at such place of public performance is prohibited by law and is punishable by criminal and civil penalties.

§ 10-706 Rule-making authority.

The police department may promulgate rules as necessary to carry out the provisions of this chapter.

Chapter 8: Silver Alert System

§ 10-801 Definitions.

  1. “Administering agency” shall mean any city agency, office, department, division, bureau or institution of government, the expenses of which are paid in whole or in part from the city treasury, as the mayor shall designate.
  2. “Silver alert” shall mean the communication to the public by a city agency of identifying information concerning a vulnerable senior who is reported missing to a law enforcement agency under circumstances indicating that the person is in imminent danger of serious bodily harm or death.
  3. “Vulnerable senior” shall mean a person who is sixty-five years of age or older with dementia, as a result of Alzheimer’s disease or a similar condition.

§ 10-802 Silver alert system.

The administering agency shall establish a silver alert system, pursuant to the provisions of this chapter of the code, that will provide rapid notification to the public when a vulnerable senior is reported missing under circumstances indicating that the person is in imminent danger of serious bodily harm or death.

§ 10-803 Procedures.

  1. The administering agency shall develop a protocol for notification to organizations such as media organizations, senior service providers, medical facilities and community organizations when a silver alert is issued.
  2. The administering agency shall, as appropriate, consult with other city agencies, including, but not limited to, the police department, the fire department, the office of emergency management, the human resources administration, the department for the aging, the department of health and mental hygiene and the department of transportation, to collect and disseminate information regarding the person for whom the silver alert was issued.
  3. The administering agency shall issue a silver alert within twenty-four hours of the determination that a vulnerable senior has been reported missing under circumstances indicating that the person is in imminent danger of serious bodily harm or death. The silver alert may be issued by any appropriate means, including, but not limited to, email notifications, text messages, telephone calls, television broadcasts or radio broadcasts. The silver alert may be issued at repeated intervals within the discretion of the administering agency until such missing person is found or until the administering agency determines that the issuance of a silver alert is no longer appropriate.
  4. The information about the person for whom the silver alert was issued, if available and capable of transmission, shall include, but not be limited to: (1) the person’s name; (2) the person’s age; (3) a physical description of the person; (4) the last known location where the person was seen, which shall not include the exact address of the person’s home; (5) a recent photograph of the person; and (6) a description of any motor vehicle the person may have been driving, provided that the administering agency may refrain from disclosing any such information if disclosure is inappropriate under the circumstances.
  5. The administering agency may use its discretion to issue a silver alert for a person under the age of 65 who is reported missing under circumstances indicating that the person is in imminent danger of serious bodily harm or death, where such missing person has dementia, as a result of Alzheimer’s disease or a similar condition.

Chapter 9: Hit-and-Run Alert

§ 10-901 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings:

Administering agency. The term “administering agency” means any city agency, office, department, division, bureau or institution of government, the expenses of which are paid in whole or in part from the city treasury, as the mayor designates.

Hit-and-run. The term “hit-and-run” means when any driver who, knowing or having cause to know that serious physical injury has been caused to another person due to an incident involving the driver’s motor vehicle, leaves the scene of an incident without complying with all of the provisions of paragraph a of subdivision two of section six hundred of the vehicle and traffic law.

Serious physical injury. The term “serious physical injury” has the same meaning as in section 10.00 of the penal law.

§ 10-902 Hit-and-run alert system.

  1. The administering agency shall establish a hit-and-run alert system, pursuant to the provisions of this section, to provide rapid notification to the public when a hit-and-run involving serious physical injury or death occurs.
  2. The administering agency shall develop a protocol for notification to organizations such as media organizations, medical facilities and community organizations when a hit-and-run alert is issued.
  3. The administering agency shall issue a hit-and-run alert within 24 hours of the determination that a hit-and-run involving serious physical injury or death occurred, provided the perpetrator involved in such incident has not been located, and that sufficient information about the perpetrator of the hit-and-run incident or the subject motor vehicle is available to the administering agency. The administering agency may use its discretion to refrain from issuing such alert if the alert is inappropriate under the circumstances or would compromise a law enforcement investigation. The hit-and-run alert may be issued by any appropriate means, including, but not limited to, email notifications, text messages, telephone calls, television broadcasts, or radio broadcasts. The hit-and-run alert may be issued at repeated intervals within the discretion of the administering agency until the perpetrator involved in such hit-and-run has been located or until the administering agency determines that the issuance of a hit-and-run alert is no longer appropriate.

Chapter 10: Prevention of Interference With Reproductive Health Services

§ 10-1001 Short title.

This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the “access to reproductive health care facilities law”.

§ 10-1002 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings:

Person. The term “person” means an individual, corporation, not-for-profit organization, partnership, association, group or any other entity.

Premises of a reproductive health care facility. The term “premises of a reproductive health care facility” means the driveway, entrance, entryway, or exit of a reproductive health care facility and the building in which such facility is located and any parking lot in which the facility has an ownership or leasehold interest.

Reproductive health care facility. The term “reproductive health care facility” means any building, structure or place, or any portion thereof, at which licensed, certified or otherwise legally authorized persons provide health care services or health care counseling relating to the human reproductive system.

§ 10-1003 Prohibition of activities to prevent access to reproductive health care facilities.

  1. Unlawful conduct. It is unlawful for any person:

   1. To knowingly physically obstruct or block another person from entering into or exiting from the premises of a reproductive health care facility by physically striking, shoving, restraining, grabbing, or otherwise subjecting a person to unwanted physical contact, or attempting to do the same;

   2. To knowingly obstruct or block the premises of a reproductive health care facility, so as to impede access to or from the facility, or to attempt to do the same;

   3. To follow and harass another person within 15 feet of the premises of a reproductive health care facility;

   4. To engage in a course of conduct or repeatedly commit acts within 15 feet of the premises of a reproductive health care facility when such behavior places another person in reasonable fear of physical harm, or to attempt to do the same;

   5. To physically damage a reproductive health care facility so as to interfere with its operation, or to attempt to do the same; or

   6. To knowingly interfere with the operation of a reproductive health care facility, or to attempt to do the same, by activities that include, but are not limited to, interfering with, or attempting to interfere with (i) medical procedures being performed at such facility or (ii) the delivery of goods to such facility.

  1. Violations. Any person who violates any provision of subdivision a of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine not to exceed $1,000 or imprisonment not to exceed six months, or both, for a first conviction under this section. For a second and each subsequent conviction under this section, the penalty shall be a fine not to exceed $5,000 or imprisonment not to exceed one year, or both.

§ 10-1004 Civil cause of action.

Where there has been a violation of subdivision a of section 10-1003, any person whose ability to access a reproductive health care facility has been interfered with, and any owner or operator of a reproductive health care facility or owner of a building in which such a facility is located, may bring a civil action in any court of competent jurisdiction for any or all of the following relief:

  1. Injunctive relief;
  2. Treble the amount of actual damages suffered as a result of such violation, including, where applicable, damages for pain and suffering and emotional distress, or damages in the amount of $5,000, whichever is greater; and
  3. Attorney’s fees and costs.

§ 10-1005 Civil action by city to enjoin interference with access to reproductive health care facilities.

The corporation counsel may bring a civil action on behalf of the city in any court of competent jurisdiction for injunctive and other appropriate equitable relief in order to prevent or cure a violation of subdivision a of section 10-1003.

§ 10-1006 Joint and several liability.

If it is found, in any action brought pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, that two or more of the named defendants acted in concert pursuant to a common plan or design to violate any provision of subdivision a of section 10-1003, such defendants shall be held jointly and severally liable for any fines or penalties imposed or any damages awarded.

§ 10-1007 Construction.

  1. This chapter does not limit the right of any person or entity to seek other available criminal penalties or civil remedies. The penalties and remedies provided under this chapter are cumulative and are not exclusive.
  2. This chapter does not prohibit expression protected by the first amendment of the constitution of the United States or section 8 of article 1 of the constitution of the state of New York.
  3. This chapter does not limit the lawful exercise of any authority vested in the owner or operator of a reproductive health care facility, the owner of the premises in which such a facility is located, or a law enforcement officer of the city, the state of New York or the United States acting within the scope of such person’s official duties.

Chapter 11: Actions By Victims of Gender-Motivated Violence

§ 10-1101 Short title.

This chapter shall be known and may be cited as the “Victims of Gender-Motivated Violence Protection Law”.

§ 10-1102 Declaration of legislative findings and intent.

Gender-motivated violence inflicts serious physical, psychological, emotional and economic harm on its victims. Congressional findings have documented that gender-motivated violence is widespread throughout the United States, representing the leading cause of injuries to women ages 15 to 44. Further statistics have shown that three out of four women will be the victim of a violent crime sometime during their lives, and as many as 4,000,000 women a year are victims of domestic violence. Senate hearings, various task forces and the United States department of justice have concluded that victims of gender-motivated violence frequently face a climate of condescension, indifference and hostility in the court system and have documented the legal system’s hostility towards sexual assault and domestic violence claims. Recognizing this widespread problem, congress in 1994 provided victims of gender-motivated violence with a cause of action in federal court through the violence against women act (VAWA) (section 13981 of title 42 of the United States code). In a May 15, 2000, decision, the United States supreme court held that the constitution provided no basis for a federal cause of action by victims of gender-motivated violence against perpetrators of offenses committed against them either under the commerce clause or the equal protection clause of the fourteenth amendment. In so ruling, the court held that it could “think of no better example of the police power, which the Founders denied the National Government and reposed in the States, than the suppression of violent crime and vindication of its victims.”

§ 10-1103 Definitions.

As used in this chapter, the following terms have the following meanings:

Crime of violence. The term “crime of violence” means an act or series of acts that would constitute a misdemeanor or felony against the person as defined in state or federal law or that would constitute a misdemeanor or felony against property as defined in state or federal law if the conduct presents a serious risk of physical injury to another, whether or not those acts have actually resulted in criminal charges, prosecution, or conviction.

Crime of violence motivated by gender. The term “crime of violence motivated by gender” means a crime of violence committed because of gender or on the basis of gender, and due, at least in part, to an animus based on the victim’s gender.

§ 10-1104 Civil cause of action.

Except as otherwise provided by law, any person claiming to be injured by an individual who commits a crime of violence motivated by gender has a cause of action against such individual in any court of competent jurisdiction for any or all of the following relief:

  1. Compensatory and punitive damages;
  2. Injunctive and declaratory relief;
  3. Attorney’s fees and costs; and
  4. Such other relief as a court may deem appropriate.

§ 10-1105 Limitations.

  1. A civil action under this chapter shall be commenced within seven years after the alleged crime of violence motivated by gender occurred. If, however, due to injury or disability resulting from an act or acts giving rise to a cause of action under this chapter, or due to infancy as defined in the civil procedure law and rules, a person entitled to commence an action under this chapter is unable to do so at the time such cause of action accrues, then the time within which the action must be commenced shall be extended to seven years after the inability to commence the action ceases.
  2. Except as otherwise permitted by law, nothing in this chapter entitles a person to a cause of action for random acts of violence unrelated to gender or for acts that cannot be demonstrated, by preponderance of the evidence, to be a crime of violence motivated by gender.
  3. Nothing in this section requires a prior criminal complaint, prosecution or conviction to establish the elements of a cause of action under this chapter.

§ 10-1106 Burden of proof.

Conviction of a crime arising out of the same transaction, occurrence or event giving rise to a cause of action under this chapter is conclusive proof of the underlying facts of that crime for purposes of an action brought under this chapter. That such crime was a crime of violence motivated by gender must be proved by a preponderance of the evidence.

§ 10-1107 Severability.

If any section, subsection, sentence, clause, phrase or other portion of this chapter is, for any reason, declared unconstitutional or invalid, in whole or in part, by any court of competent jurisdiction, such portion shall be deemed severable, and such unconstitutionality or invalidity shall not affect the validity of the remaining portions of this law, which remaining portions shall continue in full force and effect.